Essay Exam Study Guide

871 Words Apr 13th, 2016 4 Pages
Study Guide: Exam #4
PSY 100
1. Important Concepts: Emotion, Facial Expressions, Physiological Measures,
Autonomic Nervous System, Sympathetic & Parasympathetic Nervous Systems, Fight-or-Flight Response, James-Lange Theory of Emotion, Basic Emotions

2. What four components make up what we think of as emotion?

3. What are some types of physiological measures psychologists use to measure emotion? 4. What is the purpose of the autonomic nervous system?

5. What roles do the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems play?
When is each system most active? What physiological changes occur?

6. What is the fight-or-flight response? When does it occur and what types of reactions does it typically cause in people?
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Outside of genetics, are our personalities determined by our immediate family or by our peer groups? 18. How does the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator split people into personality types?
What problems does the MBTI have?

19. How do the Big Five personality traits differ from the MBTI? In what ways are the Big Five more useful?

20. Important Concepts: Attribution, Actor-Observer Effect, Fundamental Attribution Bias, Self-serving Bias, Learned Helplessness, Prosocial & Antisocial
Behavior, Altruism, Cooperation vs. Competition, Prisoner’s Dilemma, Social Loafing, Bystander Apathy, First Impressions, Stereotypes, Implicit Association Test, Milgram Experiments, Conformity, Group Polarization, Groupthink, Central and Peripheral Routes to Persuasion, Cognitive Dissonance,
Attitude Change

21. What do psychologists mean when they talk about attribution? What is the difference between an internal and external attribution?

22. In what situations are we more likely to give an internal attribution? What about external attributions?

23. What are the three main biases/effects we show in attribution?

24. What is learned helplessness? How does learned helplessness relate to whether we teach children their success is due to internal or external attribution?

25. What do psychologists mean by prosocial and antisocial behavior? How does this differ from our typical use of the word “antisocial”?

26. Do we see

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