Exam 3 Study Guide Essay
Emotion and Motivation
1. What were the key components of Dr. Gewirtz’s definition of emotion?
It’s different than “feelings”, “A state, elicited by a strongly motivational (i.e. “reinforcing”) event or by anticipation of such an event, that produces a coordinated set of adaptive responses.
2. Emotional responses have three aspects: “feelings,” autonomic responses, and somatic responses. What does each of these refer to? Feelings: Introspection, subjective Autonomic Responses: Sympathetic activation, hormonal Somatic Responses: Facial expressions, approach or avoidance
3. What is the evolutionary view of emotion as originally proposed by Darwin? What is the adaptive value of emotion? What evidence suggests …show more content…
Study of Individual Differences: Area of psychology devoted to investigating the nature, origin and consequences of individual differences in behavior
Major domains: Intellectual ability and achievement, personality & emotion, interests & values, and psychopathology
2. Why is differential psychology prone to controversy? What was the eugenics movement?
Eugenics: Movement in the early twentieth century to improve a population’s genetic stock by encouraging those with good genes to reproduce, preventing those with bad genes from reproducing, or both
3. Who was Francis Galton? Alfred Binet? Francis Galton: Strongly believed that nature is greater than nurture
4. What is the basic logic of a behavior genetics study? What do MZA, MZT, DZA, DZT, URT refer to? How can this method tease apart nature versus nurture questions? What is the role the shared environment to make individuals reared together more similar? What is the role of unshared environment to make individuals reared together less similiar?
5. Looking for converging lines of evidence is similar to which of the six flags of critical thinking?
6. What are some definitions of intelligence? What does it mean to say that “intelligence” is a theoretical construct? What are things that correlate with intelligence?
Intelligence: Refers to the ability to understand and use complex ideas, adapt