Animal Testing in Drug Industry Essay

2399 Words Jul 12th, 2006 10 Pages
Animal Testing in Drug Industry: Is It Appropriate or Not?

Millions of people were killed by incurable diseases, such as smallpox, rabies, et cetera before the 18th century due to lack of knowledge in developing drugs and vaccine at that time. People caught by the diseases were hopeless because they knew that no one could help them. In the mid 1800s, animal testing was introduced to drug industry by Edward Jenner (Trueman, 2002). His brilliant discovery in developing smallpox vaccine by using animals helped a lot of people and gave hope to the medical field that incurable diseases were not incurable anymore. Although he was not the first man to use animal in experiments, his success made animal testing become commonly used in drug
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Thus, animal testing in drug industry must be stopped.
In addition to physical pain suffered by animals during drug testing, the animals also experience mental pain. According to Singer, three separate British government committees have agreed that animals are not only capable of feeling physical pain, but also mental pain, such as fear, anxiety, stress, et cetera (Singer, 1980). Animals kept in cages in drug laboratories are undergoing anxiety of being abused again every single day. Moreover, they endure stress and fear while the tests are being conducted. Sue Farinato in her article, Animal Protection Groups, Scientists Call for End to Non-Human Primates in Research and Testing, revealed, "Primates in laboratories can be forced to live alone in small metal cages, be subjected to handling by humans, and endure various procedures, such as multiple surgeries, food and water deprivation, and infection with deadly pathogens. As a result, many live in a constant state of anxiety, remembering what has happened to them or their companions and anticipating what may happen next. Aberrant behaviors can result from these stressors, including self-mutilation, stereotypical movement, and hair-pulling". (Farinato, 2005)

This condition completely violates point number one in article six of universal declaration of animal rights, which says, "Experiments on animals entailing physical or psychological suffering violate the rights of

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