William Beveridge

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    national insurance contribution for unemployment and health benefits from work. Further reforms had been planned but were forcibly put on hold by the outbreak of WW1 and the tumultuous decades that followed. These earlier, much unheralded, welfare triumphs paved the way for the far reaching reforms implemented thirty years later with the publication of the Beveridge Report, (1942). The Beveridge report, or “The 1942 report on Social Insurance and Allied Services” to give it its formal title, was published while Britain was once again in the grips of another devastating world war. The conflict saw for the first time a Labour/Conservative coalition governing Britain, with a deep sense of social solidarity permeating all aspects of the national identity in response to the threat posed by Hitler’s campaign to expand the Third Reich. The report, chaired by William Beveridge, promised a reward for everyone in society for the sacrifices endured in the struggle to keep the German threat at bay and formed the basis for the reforms that saw the inauguration of the welfare state by Clement Atlee’s post WW2 Labour government. Beveridge identified the “Five Giant Evils” that were at the core of society. These were Squalor, Ignorance, Want, Idleness, Disease, with the aim of the report being the alleviation of every British citizen from these evils. To achieve this aim the 1945 Labour government implemented many radical changes to the pre-war system, these included These included the…

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    The Beveridge Report

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    The Beveridge report was conducted in the 1940’s by Sir William Beveridge, his aim was to improve services after the war. This post war policy development saw may change to the society, However, before then due to the development of cities and workmanship another type of policy was created to help the less fortunate. This was called the Poor Law Amendment Act; this policy was done in 1834. The industrial revolution, rapid population growth, experience of modern unemployment and the trade cycles…

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    services including primary and secondary health centres for specialist care and treatment. Also included that teaching hospitals and research services be in the national health service. The report also suggested that all services be run under a single authority. 1929 – Local Government Act The Local government act was created. This transferred the responsibilities of the poor law board to the local authorities. This enabled the local authorities to provide hospital and services. 1929 -…

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    Since the changes of society within itself, more and more money is needed to help this change and growth of the world. The Welfare state has seen a massive rise with more and more problems existing, since the publication of the Beveridge Report, Britain’s welfare system has become increasingly non-contributory and is paid for out of general taxation. In 2011 around 200 billion was spent on benefits and pensions, 40% more in real terms than in 1997. (Goodhart, D, 2012) A lot of people felt that…

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    Labour Reforms

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    Between 1945 and 1952, the Labour Government were faced with many problems, Britain had lost a quarter of its wealth and there was a shortage of raw materials. To help meet the needs of people, Labour introduced new reforms which made up the Welfare State. These reforms were introduced to abolish the 'Five Giants' - want, disease, ignorance, squalor and idleness. The Labour Government were partially effective in meeting the needs of the people. Poverty was a major issue in Britain which…

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    Highly educated individuals in Canada are much more Inter-provincially mobile than their less educated counterparts. For example, university graduates are roughly three times more mobile compared to high school dropouts. Moreover, the employment and unemployment rates differ across different education and age groups at provincial and national level. Given these large differences in provincial mobility and unemployment rates, it is reasonable to analyze how migration decisions of different…

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    Frontier had represented the most important part of who they were as a country. They wanted succeeded in promoting nationalism, interdependence, and most importantly, democracy, while Americanizing different people. The U.S. melting pot was the result of what Turner describes as “in the crucible of the frontier the immigrants were Americanized, liberated, and fused into a mixed race.” (Turner, paragraph 3) As a young nation in the late 19th century, the US hadn’t lost a war and therefore, felt…

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    In Death of a Salesman by, Arthur Miller, Willy has a desire to be a good father to his son were his dad was not. Willy believes that if he can instill the correct values into Biff so he can be like himself or more successful. The problem Willy is confronted with is that he cares too much as if he is trying to emulate his life in Biffs. Compared to Willy Charley takes a position of hands off while still teaching Bernard to be a good student and by working hard because it will pay dividends later…

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    Winter Solititude Poem

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    called “Spring and All”. This poem is written by William Carlos Williams. The second poem is one speaking of the transition from autumn to winter, written by Archibald Lampman titled “Winter-Solitude”. First lets compare the form of both poems, starting with “Spring and All”. This poem consists of 27 lines organized into seven stanzas. The first stanza is a sestet, the second and fourth are couplets, the third is a quintet and the last three stanzas are quatrains. “Spring and All” has no rhyming…

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    Suppressing painful memories can bring about temporary relief. Once that relief subsides however, the raw emotions that remain are as powerful and real as the moment in which they were experienced. Rather than dealing with these uncovered emotions, the natural response is to lock away these memories in a vain hope that they will not resurface. Exposing the open wounds of memory and extracting moments from the past bring with it the former pain and anguish. In the most dire cases, even the…

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