Pulmonology

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  • Resonatory System Essay

    The resonatory system includes the nasal cavity and soft palate and portions of the anatomically defined respiratory and digestive systems. (Seikel, King, & Drumright, 2010). One disorder that may affect a person’s ability to use the resonatory system to produce sufficient speech is velopharyngeal insufficiency, or VPI. This is a disorder which results in the improper closure of the velopharyngeal sphincter (soft palate muscle in the mouth) during speech, allowing air to escape through the nose instead of the mouth (Seattle Children’s Hospital). Since there is improper closure of the velopharyngeal sphincter, this results in insufficiency of any sounds that may be needed to build up intraoral pressure. Both stops (such as p, b, t, d, k, and g) and fricatives (such as s, z, sh, th, f, and v) need intraoral pressure to be built up and require for the VP port to be closed while air is pushed through a constriction in the oral segment of the vocal tract. Unfortunately, when a person has VPI, most of the air pressure, and consequently acoustic energy will go through the nose as opposed to the mouth. Therefore, he or she may sound hypernasal with nasal air releases. Additionally, vowels may seem nasalized. Nonetheless, the nasals (such as m, n, and ng) will sound normal since they are expected to be produced with the VP port open. Overall, if the velopharynx is not closed during speech, snort sounds will be produced through the nose or one may hear air coming out of the nose during…

    Words: 401 - Pages: 2
  • Essay On Spirometry

    Introduction In the world today there are many problems that people face with their respiratory systems. There are conditions where a person is having trouble with pulmonary ventilation. Pulmonary ventilation consists of two stages which are inspiration when air is moving into the lungs and expiration when air is moving out of the lungs. If the air pressures between the inside and outside of the body do not equal then this is what causes the problems with pulmonary ventilation. Sometimes these…

    Words: 999 - Pages: 4
  • Genetic Disorders: Cystic Fibrosis

    Introduction The genetic autosomal recessive disorder known as Cystic Fibrosis (CF) effects on average 1 of 28 Caucasians. The average age for patients to be diagnosed with this genetic disorder is around 2 weeks and 2 years old, there are some cases where they are find out sooner and others when they are adults. CF affect the patient’s chloride channels which causes the mucus in their lungs to thicken and pool. It can also affect the pancreas by blocking it up and not allowing it to produce…

    Words: 1413 - Pages: 6
  • Unit 1 Explain The Difference Between Universal And Targeted Services

    Task 1: In Task 1, I will be explaining the range of services provided by my service provider which will involve the main and additional services they provide. It will include the three sectors in health and social care and how each sector is relevant to my service user. The two multi-agency workers who work with my chosen service provider to provide care services needed and I will explain how they communicate to ensure client needs are met. Also, explaining the difference between universal and…

    Words: 1822 - Pages: 8
  • COPD Patient Case Study

    Patient, a 71-year-old, retired truck driver, presented to Prince of Wales Hospital (POWH) due to an exacerbation of COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) of 2 days presenting as dyspnea on the background of 5-year history of COPD with 1 or 2 exacerbations a year, previous peripheral venous insufficiency with ulcers, previous solitary pulmonary nodule and an ex-smoker with 100 pack-year history. Initial examination presented with respiratory rate of 22 breaths/minute, oxygen saturation of…

    Words: 939 - Pages: 4
  • Nursing Case Study In Nursing

    Lung diseases are very prevalent in the United States. According to a study, COPD is diagnosed in almost 24 million individuals in the US and is among the top 4 reasons of death in the country (Rubin, Dhand, Ruppel, Branson, & Hess, 2011). Other prevalent lung illnesses in the United States are asthma, pneumonia, and ARDS, which all correlate with the concept of gas exchange. In each phase in the continuum of healthcare, nurses will be faced with a patient who is diagnosed with a respiratory…

    Words: 2318 - Pages: 10
  • The Importance Of Respiratory Care

    the most common reasons would be in the incidence of respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Respiratory distress syndrome is a disease that typically affects premature newborns caused from an insufficient amount of surfactant in the lungs. For infants with severe RDS, may require endotracheal intubation and administration of surfactant via endotracheal tube. For infants who are still having trouble ventilating, they may stay intubated, however most are extubated immediately and placed on…

    Words: 1555 - Pages: 7
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome Case Study

    TERMINOLOGY CLINICAL CLARIFICATION • Acute respiratory distress syndrome {ARDS) is a condition of dysfunctional gas exchange {i.e., pulmonary interstitial and alveolar edema progressing to advanced fibrosis) that is characterized by acute onset, bilateral pulmonary infiltrates, severe hypoxia, the absence of evidence of left atrial hypertension, and a significant risk of mortality.25 DIAGNOSIS CLINICAL PRESENTATION • History o The patient may be in present with complaints of acute dyspnea and…

    Words: 1624 - Pages: 6
  • Cystic Fibrosis Case Study

    Cystic fibrosis (CF), is a disease that is inherited, or passed down through genes from parents to offspring. This disease affects the secretory glands, including the glands that produce mucus and sweat. People with CF have inherited two faulty CF genes, one from each parent. Parents, likely don 't have the disease. CF affects many body organs but mostly the lungs, pancreas, liver, intestines, sinuses, and sex organs (What Is Cystic Fibrosis?, 2013). CF is gentically transmitted as an autosomal…

    Words: 1283 - Pages: 6
  • Bronchitis Case Study

    Q1. What clinical findings are likely in R.S. as a consequence of his COPD? Ans. The clinical findings are likely in R.S. as consequences of his COPD are SOB, history of smoking, thick sputum and sputum may be purulent, productive cough, wheezing, rhonchi and decreased breath sounds, dyspnea, chills, muscle aches, fatigue may be evident during meals, when walking and even after rest. In chronic obstructive lung problems are known because resistance in airflow increases and causes obstruction in…

    Words: 808 - Pages: 4
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