Public Company Accounting Oversight Board

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    The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (“PCAOB”) was established by congress in 2002 to oversee auditors of public companies. The law stipulates that the PCAOB inspect auditor firms’ performances and their quality control systems regularly to make sure they follow the standards that the PCAOB set up. For the auditors of public companies, the PCAOB implements a risk-based approach to assess audit engagements. The inspection uses high-risk samples to evaluate an auditing firm instead of random samples. There are some criticisms about this risk-based approach. For example, this method may not represent a firm’s average audit quality since it focusses on some difficult audits (Church and Shefchik, 2012). However, I think it is fair from…

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    1. Introduction The auditor 's report is one of the crucial means by which the auditor provides a judgement and acceptable assurance on the financial statement to investors and other users of financial statements, which has not changed much since the 1940s. To correspond to the size and complexity of markets that have greatly increased in the past seventy years, and to attract a greater percentage of households to invest in the stock market, a new auditing standard and related amendments to…

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    200). The members of the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants represent industry and business, consulting, education, government and public practice. The role of the institute is to test the ethical principles of the profession as well as the United States auditing principles for nonprofit organizations, private companies, local governments, federal and states. The institute also grades and develops the uniform Certified Public Accounts examinations and gives specialty credentials…

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    In 2002, the Sarbanes-Oxley (SOX) Act was passed by congress and signed into law by President George W. Bush. SOX was written as a response to several major accounting scandals that occurred at large companies (including Enron, WorldCom, and Tyco) in the early 2000’s. These scandals forced capital providers and the general public to question the judgement of public accounting firms as well as at the overall reliability of the financial reporting and audit process. The requirements included in…

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    The Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) was formed under Title I of SOX. According to authors Johnstone, Gramling, and Rittenberg, Section 101 presents the PCAOB as auditing standard setters and regulators of the audits of corporations by public accounting firms. Section 102 mandates that the accounting firms auditing public companies register with the PCAOB. Section103 require audit firms to describe the scope of testing of issuers’ internal control structure. The authors further…

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    responsibility involves a company including concepts that concern cultural, social and environmental issues in their business transactions, operations and how they interact with stakeholders. If one were looking to review both concepts, one would simply read a company’s corporate mission and value statement. Lincoln Financial Group (LFG) is a company that proudly boasts their core values for review by shareholders and stakeholders alike. This paper will provide an in-depth review of both…

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    The Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) was put into place in 2002 by Congress after being developed by Senator Paul Sarbanes and Representative Michael Oxley. The purpose of SOX is to “protect shareholders and other stakeholders of publicly traded companies” (Vanderbeck, 2013, p. 11). SOX became about because although The United States already had the Securities Act of 1933 it only held the corporations responsible, therefore, the CEO’s did not have to legally tell the truth making it hard hold them…

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    Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) is the world’s largest representation of certified public accountants (CPAs). Established in 1887, the AIPCA serves as an advocate for CPAs, CGMAs, and has a mission of powering the success of global business, CPAs, and CGMAs through the use of education, resources, and advocacy (AICPA, 2016). The AICPA supports FASB by providing technical support, standard setting, and guidelines to CPAs nationwide. Because accounting is complex in nature this governing body…

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    invest in a particular publicly traded company. A clear presentation of the risks involved, should explain a possible return on investment and general nature of business within the company. (Gupta & Dhingra, 2012). A perfect company for investment…

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    owned company and provide a wide array of services to the customers. The business includes the political stability, tax policy, labor law, foreign trade policy to fetch success from the overseas customers, trade restrictions, environmental law and the organization also respond to the anticipated and current future legislation and fit and adjust their marketing process and policy with consideration to that factors (Hueske et al. 2015). The economic factors of the organization is also a…

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