Independence is a critical element CPA’s must consider while completing auditing services for clients. The importance stems from the basic purpose of auditing. To provide an expression of opinion on the fairness of the presentation of the financial statement requires the auditor to be independent both in fact and in appearance. In terms of independence in fact, an auditor should not own stock in the company which he or she is auditing. If the auditor recognizes that the company did not have a strong year, the auditor could sell his or her stock before the public has that knowledge. This outlines the importance of independence in fact. When an auditor is not independent in fact, it leads to biases which lessens the auditors’ professional judgement…
Auditing is the systematic examination of financial records that is books and accounts. Auditing is necessary to obtain that the organization is showing true and fair view or not. Before starting any auditing first Company’s business process must be understood and also the auditor should know how the company uses its information technology and how this information technology affects the financials of the company. The auditor should have knowledge about manual control work and automated work…
Are your policies and procedures something that sit on a shelf until the auditors and/or regulators ask to see them? Have they become akin to "Shelfware"? As I write this, my colleagues and I are very busy assisting companies with assessing risks, recommending security posture and well yeah, auditing IT controls too.
So what about policies and procedures? Where do they fit? Are they anything more than the product of “give the auditors what they want”? When was the last time or better yet,…
Q4. Identify the key auditing principles violated by the E&Y auditors in this case. Briefly explain how each principle was violated.
In this case, E&Y auditors violated several auditing principles among the ten generally accepted auditing standards, and I would like to illustrate specifically four key auditing principles that they violated: 1) Due professional care (General Standards), 2) Sufficient appropriate evidence…
Nobody reported auditors’ errors during auditing procedure. They need to change their strategy to audit area managers. I apologize for auditors mistake. Maybe more hours they spend with managers, but not receptionist, the more information they can get. Do you have any thoughts about auditors’ report? Does this report have any incorrect judgment for your area stores?”
(E): “Chris, The sparrow may be small but it has all the vital organs. Each department in our firm is trying to accomplish their…
In the year 2016, the board published two copies of the reviewed International Auditing Standards that considered the integration of the United States auditing standards. The board also completed its project on integrating the United States auditing process and the International auditing Standards and announced the availability of the revised edition handbooks (Jaruga, Fijalkowska, Jaruga-Baranowska & Frendzel 2007, p. 70)
The Implication of the International Standards on the U.S Companies
The integration of the GAAS, the AICPA, the PCAOB and the IAS
The Generally Accepted Auditing Standards refers to standards that are used to audit Private Corporations (Sunder, 2010 P. 100). The standards are divided into three categories. The categories include; fieldwork standards, reporting standards as well as general standards. The general standards address the individual’s qualifications to become an auditor as well as the minimum standards for the work product.…
According to Louwers et al, the authors of the book “Auditing and Assurance Services, control environment is defined as the foundation for all other components of internal control on which an effective system of internal control is built and operated by an organization. It serves as a guide to all participants and stakeholders. Control environment includes three important factors; integrity, ethical values and competence of the entity’s people.
There are several aspects of the control…
Dage Michael Martinez
May 1, 2016
Fraud Audit Program: Hollate
Journal Entry Scheme
The scheme likely occurred due to management override of controls. Strengthen controls to discourage management override may prevent this from happening again.
CFO is creating journal entries to increase company inventories and decrease costs of goods sold.
Internal audit team was required to…
As we already learned in chapter 4 concerning in risk management, the key component of internal auditing is evaluating and improving the effectiveness of governance, risk management and control process. The connection between internal auditing and risk management are fairly straight-forward. Internal auditor would not achieve their objectives without risk assessment and management.
In order to achieve the objectives, one must to analyze the risk via enterprise-wide risk management. According…