Microeconomics

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    There is currently a situation occurring with two of the country’s biggest sugar producers. The two companies, Mega Corporation and BIG Enterprises, are considering a merger of their two companies to become one company, the Mega-Big Corporation. If this merger proceeds as planned, then the Mega-Big Corporation will control over 80 percent of the market share in Brazil. With such a large market share, the Mega-Big Corporation would be considered a monopoly of the sugar market. In the discussion…

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    Carmex Case Study Essay

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    1. Carmex uses demand-oriented, cost-oriented, profit-oriented, and competition-oriented approaches when setting prices. There is large amounts of information Carmex must consider when using these approaches. Carmex must produce products at prices people are willing to pay. Carmex’s demand approach uses consumer tastes and preferences to determine prices. Consumers want “value,” and Carmex must price products accordingly. Dropping a cent of the price of products so they end in a 9 makes it…

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    Tuna Fish Case Analysis

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    a. Consumer surplus: Consumers are willing to pay a certain amount for a good or service. The variance in that price is considered consumer surplus. When the price is less than they are willing to pay, the amount (or quantity) of that good or service increase. When the price is higher than they are willing to pay, the amount (or quantity) of that good or service decreases. An example of consumer surplus is as follows: Consumers are willing to pay $1.00 for tuna fish. Tuna fish is…

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    Nike Oligopoly Analysis

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    Industry and the organization As part of this project, we have selected the consumer apparel and footwear industry, which is represented by Nike Inc. About the company Nike Inc. is an American multinational corporation that designs, develops and markets sports footwear, apparel and accessories under its brand name. The company was founded in the year 1964 as Blue Ribbon Inc. , but was then named as Nike Inc. in 1970. The company is listed on New York Stock Exchange, under the ticker symbol of…

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    List the two assumptions that underlie the conclusion that free markets are efficient. Explain how these assumptions either do or do not apply to an industry of your choosing. Pg 150 The two assumptions that underlie the conclusion that free markets are efficient. The number one assumption is that the markets are imperfect competition with each other. This means that a company does not have enough market power to control the quantity or price of a good. The second assumption is that the outcome…

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    1-According to Miller, the price taker refers to a situation in which a company must accept the prevailing prices in the market of its products because the firm cannot influence the price (Miller, R. L. 2012). In other words, when there is competition, a firm must set the price of its product below the competitive price in order to obtain customers, but when the price is above the competitive price, customers will not buy that product. According to the author, the perfectly competitive model is…

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    What are managerial diseconomies of scale and what, if anything, can be done about this phenomenon? Decreasing returns to scale or diseconomies of scale implies rising average costs (AC) as the firm’s output and scale increase (Samuelson and Marks). Samuelson, William, and Stephen G Marks. Managerial Economics. 6th ed. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons, 2006. Print. Economies of scale takes place with the growth of the firm. A business faces diseconomies of scale when the management team…

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    Convertible Token Money

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    The need for people to exchange goods and services has long existed even before money as we know it today was invented. Through time, people have devised ways to make trade or exchange of goods more convenient. The barter is the most ancient and primitive form of trade. In a barter economy, no notion of money existed. Goods were exchanged directly. One needed to find an individual who had the goods you were looking for and at the same time was in need of the goods you had. It is easy to see how…

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    This section divided in two cases: a first case is an inventory model designed for retailer and second case is an inventory model designed for the supplier. 4.3.1 Case I: Inventory model of the first cycle (0 ≤ t ≤ T) designed for retailer At first, at t=0 retailer has his delivery and put up for sale at a stock dependent demand rate. The stock for retailer decreases due to the combined result of demand and deterioration. At t=t1 inventory becomes zero and shortages occurs during the period [t1,…

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    Perfect competition: Perfect competition is the name given to an industry or to a market characterized by a large number of buyers and sellers engaged in the purchase and sale of a homogeneous commodity , with perfect knowledge of market price and quantities There are some characteristics of perfect competition: 1. Large number of buyers and sellers : In the perfect competition , a large number of buyers and sellers exists exists. However the high population of buyers and sellers fail to affect…

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