Hypothetical imperative

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  • Hypothetical Imperatives

    Philippa Foot in her text “Morality as a System of Hypothetical Imperatives” argues against the claim that moral judgments cannot be hypothetical imperatives, first presented by the philosopher Immanuel Kant. As found in her introduction on page 68-69 of the textbook, her argument is that moral judgments are categorical rather than hypothetical. But before one can explain her argument one must define and explain what hypothetical and categorical imperatives are. Kant himself wrote all imperatives command either hypothetically or categorically. He says that hypothetical imperatives “present the practical necessity of a possible action as a means to achieving something else which one desires.” In other words they he presents the idea that an action is a means to an end. On the other side of the coin. “The categorical imperatives…

    Words: 1054 - Pages: 5
  • Morality And Hypothetical Imperatives

    If you had the ability to stop a crime before it happened are you morally pure because you stopped it or are you morally dirty because you refused to what needed to be done? How do we know what is moral and what is not? Morality consists of moral rules that you place on yourself. From research, I have learned that Kant, Mill, and Sarte all have solid views on what is right and wrong. Kant believes, “Only thing that is good without qualification is the good will.” The good will is the will to do…

    Words: 783 - Pages: 4
  • Good Will In Kant's Categorial Imperitive

    action freely. They must be the right principles or ones that are consistent with the moral law. Kant connects moral law with reason as well and argues that reason dictates that individuals act only in accordance with that maxim which you can at the same time Will that it can become a universal law, which is his first formulation of what is called the Categorical Imperative and all principles of action can be tested against the categorical imperative to see if they pass or are consistent with…

    Words: 818 - Pages: 4
  • Kant's Theory Of Ethics Analysis

    Assess Kant’s view that ethics should be based on duty not consequences. Philosopher Immanuel Kant proposed his theory of ethics in his 1785 book ‘Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals’. He essentially argued that moral decisions shouldn’t be based on their consequences but rather our moral duty. The deontological approach to ethics is reasonable and straightforward; it provides a stability and certainty that cannot be achieved by looking at consequences. This being said, I feel as though the…

    Words: 1607 - Pages: 7
  • Immanuel Kant Principle Of Morality

    reasoning. Thus he claims morality can be seen through the reasoning of an imperative. An imperative is a command. Kant states that an imperative is any proposition declaring a necessary action and inaction; they tell us what to do. He then separates between two imperatives, which he refers to as hypothetical and categorical imperatives to reach what he believes to be morality. Kant claims hypothetical imperatives apply to individuals who possess a desire or wishes to achieve a certain goal…

    Words: 763 - Pages: 4
  • Kant's Hypothetical Motive

    According to Kant, an actions moral worth is based off of its motive and a means to the end. “If the action be good only as a means to something else, the imperative is hypothetical; if the action is thought of as good in itself and therefore as necessary for a will which of itself conforms to reason and its principal, then the imperative is categorical…” (Kant, 434). Essentially, what Kant is saying is that if an action is necessary and has good intentions, it is categorical. If the action is…

    Words: 780 - Pages: 4
  • Kant Law And Order Analysis

    Kant would resolve the conflict seen in Law and Order by adhering to the duty principle by testing a maxim of the conflict against his three formulations. These formulations are used to see if a rule is a categorical imperative – that is, a rule that is in tune with the moral law and is acted out of a pure will. Basically, these categorical imperatives are rules that are absolutely universal and unconditional. On the other hand, the impure will comes out of a hypothetical imperative. This is a…

    Words: 1928 - Pages: 8
  • Analysis Of Thomas Hobbes Leviathon

    or contracts, made. These covenants are simply invisible agreements and is the main idea responsible for Hobbes’ egoistic views. Hobbes does not believe that anyone will follow these contracts without the threat of punishment and so that everyone must be under the rule of a sovereign power. In nature with no threat of punishment, no one will follow through with their contracts nor follow the laws put in place, hence why people are only motivated by self-interest. Korsgaard, in her book The…

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  • Utilitarianism: A Consequentialist Moral Theory

    a deontological ethic, where the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on their consequences but on whether they fulfill our duty (Anscombe). Kant defines moral rules as commands that tell us what to do, and consist of two important features. One being that they command us categorically rather than hypothetically since moral rules are not desired based, and secondly because, they command us absolutely and do not admit us from exception. Kant also believed in two imperatives,…

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  • Importance Of Vacation In Omelas Essay

    but go on. KANT: According to the first formulation of my categorical imperative, one must “Act as if the maxim of thy action were to become by thy will a universal law of nature” (Kant 51). BENTHAM: What does that mean? KANT: This means that one ought not expect others to do things one would not also do. BENTHAM: How can this be applied to the child though? KANT: The people of Omelas should not expect the child to forgo this pain for their pleasure if they would not do the same for the child.…

    Words: 1408 - Pages: 6
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