Hussite

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    Jan Hus Martyr

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    Swiezawski’s eyes, Hus should now be represented as a saint for his actions to reform the church, in addition to the thought that Hus should be seen as a martyr. It is Swiezawski’s belief that because the church feared people worshiping Hus as a saint, after he was burned, the church thought it wise to dispose of his ashes so that no one would collect them and use them as an icon of Hus. Professor Swiezawski even compares Jan Hus to Joan of Arc to point out the similarities between the two. Both essentially walked straight into enemy lands, Joan into an English war zone and Hus into Constance where he was prosecuted for his beliefs, and were killed for spreading their ideas of God. Swiezawski also points out that the later events of the Hussite movement should not be joined with the ideas and accomplishments of Hus himself. Swiezawski believes that the later violent acts that were committed in the name of Hus should not be associated with him directly. However going through the interview, Swiezawski does not hold a historical position on Hus. Instead he has an apologist’s point of view on Hus. He does not point out any counter arguments, rather he is insisting that Hus was a great person and leader. He is arguing that Hus was an amazing religious symbol that should be praised by all. This shows that Swiezawski had a religious bias while answering the questions asked of him. He concluded that sainthood should be bestowed upon Hus, which indicates that he was religiously…

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    In the Medieval Europe different religious identities emerged which formed unique groups within society. The development of mysticism influenced the creation of women’s communities, especially the Beguines. In Bohemia, Jan Hus sparked the Czech Reformation against the papacy which brought about the Moravian Church. Mysticism led to the Beguine community of unmarried, lay women in the Low Countries. The Beguine movement began in the early 12th century and grew rapidly to the point where houses…

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    The Lollards and Hussites had very different ideas/beliefs during the Renaissance. The Lollards were followers of John Wycliff, a theologian. Wycliff believed that the Catholic Church was corrupt and had no business running the government, and God’s will was to use the Bible as a sole resource. On the other hand, the Hussites began forming their beliefs based off of the wisdom of John Hus. Hus believed in the exact opposite of Wycliff, saying that all materials should be given up to God. Hus and…

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    Again, he was summoned in Augsburg, Germany, and he appeared there, fully expecting to be called a heretic and a martyr’s death. Instead, the Pope there demanded that he recant his statements and submit to the church. Once again, Martin stubbornly refused. He demanded to see evidence in the Bible that his ways are in error. He returned to Fredrick, in Wittenburg, to await his punishment. In the spring of 1519, Martin Luther received a letter challenging him to a debate on the topic of…

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    battle can be found in “[the] fight of El Mansuria…when the French vanguard saw a fair field before them and the lances of the infidel gleaming among the palm groves, they could not restrain their eagerness.” The cavalry went on to engage in battle and were met with a stunning defeat as the battle turned out to be a trap from a competing army that put strategy above chivalry. From what is known about the instances of warfare in the Middle ages it is not hard to claim that medieval knights were…

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    Bible was only accessible to those who spoke Greek. This unavailability was one of the ways the Catholic church was unwilling to reform. In 1409, it was requested that the current Pope step down from his position. A new Pope was selected, however the previous one still remained in power which meant that two Popes were ruling. When both proved to be corrupt, a third Pope was placed into power. With neither of them withdrawing from the position, three Popes were holding the power in the Roman…

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    Theses into German, and from this point they spread like a hot burning wildfire, initially through Germany, but quickly also the entirety of Europe as well. Luther also used his position as a university lecturer to attend debates, as in “June of 1519 Luther arrived in Wittenburg’s rival university of Leipzig for a debate which he hoped would vindicate or at least clarify his position.” However, Luther’s chief opponent was Johann Eck, who had become one of his most effective enemies. Eck…

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    His studies towards the importance of Scripture and his view of the Church as a spiritual institution became the substructure on which later Reformation would be built and related. Despite the condemnation of the church over his teachings, many religious believers who were disgusted with the abuses existing in the church decided to follow Wycliffe and preached his studies widely. Czech students at Oxford carried his beliefs to Bohemia. Here, John Hus, one of the most enthusiastic followers of…

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    newly found Holy Roman Empire and developed over time into an electorate state from when it was beginning to go dependant on the Empire when Moravia was attached to the kingdom. Bohemia soon gained a new peak of Political Power and economical prosperity under Otakar II who consolidated control over parts of Austria and waged wars for territory with Hungary. Until 1278 Otakar was assassinated reducing the land to just Bohemia-Austria, leading the Premysl Dynasty ending in 1306. Until the…

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    making any significant headway into the heart of Central Europe. However, this did not last. In 1453, the Ottoman Empire successfully sieged the capital of the Byzantine Empire of Constantinople. After its destruction, the home of the orthodox faith for a millennium was no more. As the Ottoman Empire continued to push north for two centuries, the Orthodox faith found a new home within the Russian Empire. From all sides, Central Europe now had three major religions establishing their presence…

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