Essenes

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    Essay On Dead Sea Scrolls

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    level of the lake lowered, some channels of water eroded in the soft rock dried out, forming caves. The caves were either small or covered over, so an entrance had to be dug out. This factor made the caves desired hiding places for treasures people wanted to keep hidden. In the caves, tightly sealed jars were found containing tightly rolled manuscripts. Out of forty jars only two were found intact (A. Powell Davies). The site of Qumran is believed to be close to the home of the Essenes. The Essenes were one of the three main sects of the Jews of the Second Temple Palestine. The other two sects were the Sadducees and the Pharisees. Those who wanted to be members of the Essenes had to spend three years proving themselves and then were allowed to join after taking strict vows of secrecy and devotion. Sect members worshiped and dined together and were under discipline of the elected officers. They were extremely strict in observance of the Sabbath, and maintaining ritual purity. The Essenes believed God was in control of earthly matters. They believed the soul was immortal and would go to heaven or hell after death. In 1947, three Bedouins encountered the first cave when herding sheep and made a surprising discovery inside. Philip Davies describes the Bedouin’s discovery, stating that along the cliff, one of the Bedouin men threw a stone in the cave and heard something break. After going inside, they found several large jars. Out of ten jars they found, in one…

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    Dead Sea Scrolls Essay

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    until the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls. It is from the Dead Sea Scrolls that their existence was made available. The Essenes were a semi-monastic and separatist community, and they would have been the recorders and preservers of the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Essenes lived ascetic lives. They denied themselves the pleasures and luxuries of the world system. They lived alone in tents and some in caves. Some Essenes lived like monks in monasteries and denied themselves money, and women. No…

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    1st century Palestine was a special time for the Jewish faith, after the death of Jesus, and as much as they didn't like it Christianity was on the rise. However this wasn't the only thing, Judaism at this time was spawning all new sub-genres of faith. They split into four groups: The Pharisees, The Sadducees, The Zealots, and The Essenes. They all believed in YHWH, but they had different ideas and ways of how to praise him. The Pharisees, which translates to separated ones in Hebrew, are known…

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    Lachrymose Theory Analysis

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    Most notably, within traditional writings it is firstly a case of non-materialism alongside this egalitarian society hypothesised by both Philo and Josephus in sects such as the Pharisees, Essenes and Fourth Philosophy that can arguably also live and co-exist harmoniously when being practiced by a single person. The most common area agreed on by both contemporary and modern scholars is, however, the resilience of Jews and their ability to adapt. I find that by completely discarding the…

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    Jewish Museum Analysis

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    The Jewish museum follows a model of three major themes that run throughout Jewish history. One of the themes is tradition and the reinterpretation of traditions. We have seen this in our class when it came to the Rabbinate's & Karaites, the Pharisees, Sadducees and Essenes, and the different Rabbi interpretations or the Torah, Talmud, or Mishnah such as Rabbi Rashi or Rabbi Akiva. Throughout the museum, there were copies of the Torah in different structures such as the scroll made of parchment…

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    The first is to investigate the Essenes, a secret community hidden in the wilderness and isolated from society. Their isolation and non partake in the sacrificial cult of the Temple make Romans unsure of their political allegiance. As Andreas and his two slaves, Timon and Malchus journey to the hidden community they stumble upon Baruch, a banished Essene and learn about the community through him. In Andreas report, he mentions how the Essenes “differ from other Jews above all by their own…

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    In his Antiquities, he described the Essenes as people who “send votive offerings to the temple but perform their sacrifices employing a different ritual of purification.” Joesphus’ description of the Essene sect is like what was found in the Dead Sea Scrolls. The Jewish Sectarians from both the Damascus and the Rule of the Community rejected Israel’s main religious ideology because these Jews thought they God chose them as the holy remnant of Israel and that the mainstream Jewish religious…

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    As they were traveling through the Dead Sea, their were no trees or bushes anywhere(pg 36). They found a man but did not know who he was. When they approached him he tried to run away from them, Baruch didn 't take his food or drinks, but they convinced him to come with them because he was banded from the Essenes and did not want to leave him in the wilderness. Baruch was one of them now and they all left the wilderness to go to Jericho. Andreas reports some of his findings back to Metilius, He…

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    Yeshua Character Analysis

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    believe that Yeshua was not against the Pharisees, but was only calling out the hypocrites among them? • With his similarities to the Pharisees and his alliance with them, is it possible that Yeshua himself was a Pharisee? • Did early Christian writers try to paint the Pharisees in a bad light because of opposition to Jewish, religious rule or something else? • In overturning the tables of the money changers, was Yeshua trying to get rid of the marketplace mentality in the temple, or was he…

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    diversity of religious thought in late Second Temple Judaism. Also, the Dead Sea Scrolls can also give us confidence in the reliability of the Old Testament manuscripts since there were minimal differences between the manuscripts that had previously been discovered and those that were found in Qumran. Clearly this is a testament to the way God has preserved His Word down through the centuries, protecting it from extinction and guarding it against significant error. Lastly, the Dead Sea Scrolls…

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