Canadian Indian residential school system

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    Jose Kusugak

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    In 2008, the Canadian government created the Indian residential schools truth and reconciliation commission which started its work to achieve an official order of reviewing the history of Canada’s Indian residential schools. The Canadian residential school system is, a system created for aboriginal people in Canada, to achieve the best chance for success by learning the English language and more importantly assimilating to Canadian culture therefore, passing it down to their children in hopes of native traditions to diminish. The Canadian government assumed that native children would have a higher chance of succeeding if they spoke English or French and adapted to mainstream Canadian society therefore, the Canadian government created this…

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    The Survivors Speak

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    For over a hundred years, Indigenous children were forced to go to residential schools, most of the schools were hundred miles from their home and they suffered physical and sexual abuse there. Most of the Indigenous people addicted to drugs and alcohol in order to get rid of the horrible memories and this habit affected several generations. Nowadays, many Indigenous people suffer the discrimination and poor living conditions. With the help from the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of…

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    Indian School Road: Legacies of the Shubenacadie Residential School features varies perspectives of the founders, teachers, and survivors of the Shubenacadie Residential school. Even though there are gaps to the history, Chris Benjamin has drawn from several sources to give a sense of how the school came to be. It discusses the traumatizing environment that Aboriginal children were put in. The book has a similar outline as my approach for this paper and it also offers additional sources and…

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    Residential School Syndrome (RSS) was coined by psychiatrist Dr. Charles Brasfield, and it refers to a group of symptoms exhibited by some survivors of the Canadian residential school system. These schools operated in the early 1900s until the late 1990s, and Aboriginal children across Canada were forcibly removed from their homes to attend. The traumas that students at residential schools suffered ranged from being apart from their families to being physically or sexually abused. Brasfield’s…

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    “Language and culture”). In Canada, the establishment of residential schools began in the 1870s to “Christianize and civilize” Aboriginal children (Canada, Indigenous and Northern Affairs, 2014; Partridge, 2010, p. 46). There were over 130 residential schools present, and more than 150,000 Aboriginal children forced into these government-funded, church-run schools ("Residential Schools"). In his journal article,…

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    families. To do this, residential schools were created off reserve land and parental access was restricted causing parents and their children to lose contact with one another . This allowed church employees, who ran the schools, the chance to take over and become the new parental figure for the impressionable minds of the young, terrified, and confused Indigenous children. Furthermore, as Carpenter states, the children were isolated from not only their family and homelands, but also from their…

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    The Indian residential school was a government-implemented institution that engulfed all aspects of an Indigenous child’s life. As the long silence is being shattered and more survivors tell their stories, the full scope of the tragedy of residential school discrimination and abuse is gradually being revealed. In the documentary, Muffins for Granny, Nadia McLaren offers a raw perspective of the practices and repercussions of residential schools through interviews with seven First Nations elders.…

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    as 1996, the Canadian government operated so called “Indian Residential Schools”. In all, 150,000 native Canadian children belonging to various tribes were forcibly removed from their homes and taken to various residential schools across Canada in a savage attempt to assimilate them into Canadian society. The planned agenda was to teach them values of the Christian faith, and teach them how to read and write English; however many children were subject to severe physical, psychological, and…

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    “The Unredeemed Captive” by John Demos is a book of not only about history, but of family and faith. In this book, Demos tells of a colony in early Massachusetts, a little town of Deerfield, where the family of Pastor John Williams and others are subject to a massacre from the French and Mohawk Indians. Williams, his wife, and three of his children are then taken hostage to Canada. As the book goes on, Williams and two of his children are released; however, his daughter Eunice is kept in…

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    Discriminatory Curriculum

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    children to run away, risking their lives. In one of many instances, four boys who ran away from Lejac school in British Columbia in 1937 faced their deaths (“Jury Hears How 4 Indian Boys Froze to Death, 1937, as cited in Truth and Reconciliation, 2012). Runaways were humiliated by having their hands tied together, or chained with other runaways and forced to run behind a buggy or ahead of the principal back to school. Other times runaways or those who spoke in Cree in the 1950s would have their…

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