Stem Cell Essay

  • Stem Cell Essay

    different cell division cycles occurring within the undifferentiated stem cells. They are 'potent' enough to develop into different cells. There are different types of stem cells like totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent and unipotent that have specific uses in the research. Stem cells are present in different parts of the body, from where they can be harvested for further research. These include embryonic stem cells, adult stem cells, amniotic stem cells and adult cells induced as embryonic cells. Each

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  • Stem Cell Reasearch Essay

    Results using these adult stem cells have been profound and encouraging. Stem cells taken from the umbilical cord are also very useful. Umbilical cord cells are removed during pregnancy and stored in cryogenic cell banks as a type of protection policy for future use on behalf of the newborn. Compared to adult cells and embryonic cells, the umbilical cord is by far the richest source of stem cells, and cells can be stored up in advance so they are available when needed. Stem cells can also be taken from

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  • Stem Cell Ethics Essay

    would reject the transplanted cells. Research is being done on animals and has been successful. Studies conducted with rats have indicated that stem cells found in the stem cells found in one tissue were able to produce cells for another type of tissue (Nature). Another experiment was performed on mice, according to the journal "Nature" stem cells from bone marrow were implanted into the heart. The cells that were implanted integrated with the surrounding cells and started to rebuild tissue

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  • Stem Cell Research Paper

    Such cells can construct a complete, viable, organism. These cells are produced from the fusion of an egg and sperm cell. Cells produced by the first few divisions of the fertilized egg are also totipotent * Pluripotent stem cells are the descendants of totipotent cells and can differentiate into nearly all cells, i.e. cells derived from any of the three germ layers. * Multipotent stem cells can differentiate into a number of cells, but only those of a closely related family of cells.

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  • Stem Cell Research Essay

    understand the history of stem cells can help with the possible future of stem cells. (Evidence) Embryonic stem cells are valuable because they are pluripotent. Meaning that they are to differentiate into all kinds of cells. (Commentary) In 2006, researchers were able to change regular skins cells into pluripotent stem cells. This process was achieved through IPS or induced pluripotent system. (Evidence)”Stem cells offer the possibility of a renewable source replacement cells to treat a wide variety

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  • Stem Cell Research Essay

    acceptable and ethical in regards to stem cell research. One battle in the forefront of stem cell research is the ethical dispute over the use of human embryos in research. In November of 1998, Dr. James A. Thompson discovered that human embryonic stem cells can theoretically differentiate into virtually any type of human cell, from blood cells to skin cells; thus offering great promise for new ways of treating disease (AAAS, n.d.). The opponents of human embryonic stem cell research believe that human

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  • Stem Cell Essay

    executive order ended all limits that were on the funding of stem cell research. The history of stem-cell research is interesting; even more fascinating is what a stem cell is. Moving on to what a stem cell actually is. A stem cell is a cell early in life; that currently has no assigned job or task. Another way stem cells are different from other cells is; “Most other cells have a very limited number of cell divisions, and these cells though; have this property they can divide indefinitely” (2001)

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  • Stem Cell Therapies Essay

    trials for stem cell transplantation. Like Leukemia, thousands of people have experienced spinal cord injuries that have put a strain on their daily life, leaving most paralyzed from the site of injury to below. Routine studies have wallowed over a way to use stem cells as a therapeutic mechanism for this severe injury. A study conducted by Masaya Nakamura from Kelo University School of Medicine explores this possibility. He explains that ,”If adult somatic cells, such as blood cells or skin fibroblasts

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  • Essay on Stem Cells

    effectiveness of stem cells is now proven. The potential for embryonic stem cells is not limited to brain damage, they can do much more. Replacement organs and limbs are harvested from donors. This means we wait around like opportunistic scavengers for the right set of circumstances to deliver a windfall so that we might have the chance to help others in need. Organ rejection is around 10-15% (Mark Benfield). Not a high percentage; unless you are one of the 10-15%. Embryonic stem cells that have had

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  • Stem Cell Essay

    beloved member of your family in their prime or a one day old embryo, wouldn't the decision be obvious. When we hear about stem cell research one tends to not pay attention to what it is. But when the media begins to talk about it and show society what the debate and controversy surrounding stem cell research is about, then we begin to listen and ask questions about what stem cell research is. We live in interesting and exciting times and not a day goes by without reading news media accounts reporting

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  • Stem Cell Research Essay

    A potential use for stem cells has the possibility to be able to create a renewable source of replacement cells and tissue to treat diseases versus one affected person normally having to wait for a donor’s replacement of damaged or destroyed tissue and organs. Pros and Cons of Stem Cell Research Advantages of stem cell research are that it may provided medical benefits such as therapeutic cloning, regenerative medicine, creation of transplantable tissues and organs, potential for discovering potential

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  • Stem Cell Research Essay

    soon be able to prevent some of these problems that affect so many people today. Soon Stem Cells will open a whole new world of medical possibilities. Even among those who, on moral grounds, prefer the use of adult stem cells, or stem cells obtained from the umbilical cord blood, no knowledgeable opponent denies that, from a purely scientific point of view, there are many purposes for which embryonic stem cells are preferable if not indispensable. This extraordinary research is still in the works

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  • Stem Cell Reaserch Essay

    in reaserch of stem cells which caused congress to put a ban on all federally funded fetal tissues – fetal(baby at 10 weeks) tissues is where fetal stem cells are collected from – research. That jumpstarted the United States legislation on the stem cell research, ever so often, Congress; an executive branch; and the president at that time, go back and forth on whether or not this type of research is ethical and morally correct. Over the years, the United States policy on stem cell research has been

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  • Stem Cell Research Essay

    In 1928, Hans Spemann executes the first somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT) experiment, relocating the nucleus of one salamander to the egg cell of another salamander without a nucleus. He was later awarded the 1935 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. The first successful bone marrow transplant on a human was led by E. Donnall Thomas in 1956. In 1958 Frederick C. Steward conducts an experiment displaying that a differentiated somatic plant cell can revert to a totipotent form that can redifferentiate

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  • Stem Cell Treatment Essay

    on the function which it carries out cannot be healed by the body. The use of stem cells, cultured, harvested, and injected to the site of the muscle death has the potential to heal this, by generating into cardiac muscle tissue, and blood vessels which will attach themselves to the preexisting blood vessels. An example of this is “in 2003, Brazil conducted the world’s first clinical trial using bone marrow stem cells injections to treat 21 patients with advanced heart failure” (McMahon, Singer,

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  • Stem Cell Research - Genetically Unstable Stem Cells Essay example

    is a form of developing human life that deserves our respect(5). Treating human life as mere research material is no way to show respect.   Finally, this proposal is unnecessary because adult stem cells and other alternatives are already achieving some of the goals for which embryonic stem cells have been proposed, and new clinical uses are constantly being discovered.(6)   In our

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  • Stem Cell Paper

    Another area of medicine this certainly requires plenty of attention, and would benefit greatly from stem cell research is the treatment of certain life-threatening injuries such as brain injuries, spinal cord injuries, heart attacks and even burn injuries. If an individual was brought into an emergency room with one of the aforementioned conditions, doctors are trained to perform surgery in order to correct the problem. Most of the time it works, but in some instances it's not enough. There are

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  • Stem Cells are the Future of Healthcare Essay

    Embryonic stem cells that are used for research come from embryos that are created from in vitro fertilization. The embryos that were no longer needed for reproductive purposes are donated for research with the consent of the donor. Many are against embryonic stem cells research because the embryo is destroyed after it is used, but otherwise the embryo would not be used and the embryo would have no benefit. Using the embryos for research could someday cure major diseases. The benefits of embryonic

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  • Adult and Embryonic Stem Cells Essay

    Adult stem cell extraction can be used for cancer patients. Embryonic stem cells are cells that come from the embryo when it is a blastocyst. The stem cells reproduce for an indefinite period of time. Depending on the culture conditions, they can be made into a variety of specialized cells. Umbilical cord stem cells are another form on unspecialized cells. They are in umbilical cord and can also form any specialized cell. Pluripotent stem cells are often celled 'true' stem cells because they have

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  • Essay about Stem Cell Controversy

    Unlike pluripotent cells, multipotent stem cells are found in adult mammals, and it is believed they are located throughout most of the body’s organs. Research has found that multipotent stem cells are found in organs and tissues, such as the brain, bone marrow, skeletal muscle, skin, teeth, heart, gum, liver, blood vessels, ovarian epithelium, and testes. “In many tissues, current evidence suggests that some types of stem cells are pericytes, cells that compose the outermost layer of small blood

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  • Adult and Embryonic Stem Cells Essay

    different cell types, and including the organ from which they originate, has made them the focus of much therapeutic research. Adult stem cells have been used to treat a wide variety of things such as leukemia, different types of cancer, spinal cord injury, cirrhosis of the liver, chronic limb ischemia, and end-stage heart failure. However, most adult cells are limited when it comes to which type of cells they can become. This means that they are lineage-restricted stem cells. Embryonic stem cells

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  • The Importance of Stem Cell Research Essay

    Pluripotent cells are those which have the capacity to change into one of more than 200 different types of cells found in the human body.(Langwith 16) Stem cells, simply put, are “the wild card” of cells, they can be manipulated to be almost any cell type chosen. Stem cells are cells that have not fully developed and when surrounded by a group of specialized cells such as muscle or cardiac cells, the stem cells mature into the cells it is surrounded by. Because of the stem cells ability to be turned

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  • Against Stem Cell Research Essay

    Embryonic stem cells are hard to control and may take multiple tries before researchers are capable of collecting the wanted cell. This means that if the embryonic cell is not retrieved on the first try, they must proceed to attempt another time. This may lead to complications, which might harm the patient. The use of these cells involves destroying five to seven day old embryos, which raises many moral and ethical issues amongst the public. There is also a possibility of transplantation reaction

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  • The Importance of Stem Cell Research Essay

    The cells change depending on where they are at, “Stem cells take up to three weeks to begin producing new cells or bone marrow, a process called engraftment” (Odle). Depending on the location of where the stem cell is at, the cell can turn into a ligament, a tendon, or even a bone. Before technology advanced, stem cells were delivered through the mouth and the cells would travel by bloodstream to the location it was needed. Advancement in stem cell research has made it possible for some of a

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  • Essay about Stem Cells are the Future

    The unnatural cell development that these diseases incur tend to cause substantial damage, pain, suffering and sometimes even death. For years, there were no significant treatments for these ailments and nothing promising on the horizon; stem cells changed all that. The introduction of the new stem cells have shown that it may cause a regeneration of the old cells and help treat, repair or possibly cure many of these conditions and diseases (Stem Cell Institute). Dr. Bethesda from the National

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  • Stem Cell Research Essay example

    While stem cells are the basic cell of all living things, all stem cells are not equal. There are two basic types of stem cells; embryonic and adult. Embryonic stem cells, as the name suggests, are derived from embryos. Generally, they come from embryos that have been cultivated in a laboratory for the specific purpose of obtaining stem cells, or, from leftover embryos from an in vitro clinic, obtained with informed consent of the donors (NIH). Embryonic stem cells are important because they are

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  • Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

    first into two cells, then into four. Finally, a multicellular ball of cells known as a blastocyst is formed. Inside the blastocyst is a hollow ball, which includes the embryonic stem cells which can be retrieved with a pipette; a small glass tube used to transport a measured volume of liquid, and transferred to a dish. Next, the embryonic stem cells divide and the cell mass grows (Sumanas). Finally, groups of cells may develop properties of mature bone cells, or of pancreatic cells. Others develop

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  • Politics of Stem Cell Research Essay

    In the past three years, stem cells have been discovered and successfully derived in areas of the body such as the bone marrow, spinal cord, and more remarkably, the umbilical cord. These undifferentiated cells could someday overcome great leaps and bounds if utilized accordingly. But from the antagonistic standpoint, some people feel that stem cell research equates abortion since the culling of stem cells involves killing the embryo. President Bush is passionately against abortion, yet he has taken

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  • Legalize Stem Cell Research Essays

    Umbilical cord blood stem cells could be used to help treat diseases that could potentially be cured through bone marrow transplants. In addition, stem cell research offers hope to those who suffer daily from Parkinson’s disease, neurological failures, cancer, and other medical problems. There are billions of people worldwide who suffer from a wide range of diseases. Stem cell research could be the key to finding cures for some of these diseases. Adult or embryonic stem cells can be used to

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  • Is Stem Cell Research Ethical Essay

    Cells can be extracted from the embryo and are then differentiated into any cell the scientist wishes. What does this mean for the future of medicine? Researchers believe that these differentiated cells can replace skin cells for burn victims, create new organs, or regenerate heart or brain tissue. Research in using stem cells is needed because of the risk of rejection of the new cells. Rejection is when the body is not able to recognize the new cells from the donor cells and attacks them. Despite

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  • Ethics on Stem Cell Research Essay

    acclaim, stem cell research has not only giving many the hopes for new cures/treatments/ and vaccines, but now our future for humanity now seems a little brighter. Through much research and discoveries, there is now evidence that stem cell research can help provide hope for diseases (Parkinson’s, Spinal Bifida). The debate still lingers thought on how to obtain these stem cells necessary for the entire process. The most familiar/ known way of obtaining stem cells would be through Totipotent cells which

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  • Stem Cells in the Treatment of Diabetes Essay

    type I diabetes is pancreatic islet cell transplantation, but this therapy is limited by the number and availability of donated organs for transplant. If stem cells can be induced to differentiate into functional islet cells in the lab, they may form a renewable source for transplantation, allowing this cell-based treatment to become available on a practical scale (3, 4). Stem cells are self-renewing, unspecialized cells that give rise to multiple specialized cell types through a process of differentiation

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  • Viva La Stem Cells Essay

    A stem cell is a cell that has the potential to grow into other types of cells, and a pluripotent stem cell can give rise to a large number of differentiated cell types (see appendix B). Dr Varmus told Congress that these could divide indefinitely and form the three major tissue types found in the human body. Dr Varmus went on to describe many ground breaking applications for these cells. However, he also described the problems. Human embryonic stem cells have a different genetic code from the

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  • Essay on Importance of Stem Cell Research

    One may argue that the benefits on stem cell experimentation are over exaggerated, but truth is, with careful derivation of pluripotent stem cells scientists can manipulate these cells to create specifically what they need. This suggests the possibility of a renewable replacement for virtually any cell or tissue ("Stem Cells: A Primer"). Stem cells can even be taken from the patient themselves and used to create a working replica of the failing cells, for example a failing heart. Some may argue that

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  • Essay on Stem Cell Research and Legislation

    This lead to many scientists moving abroad to continue their studies in countries that were actively pursuing the research, and others to work on less versatile adult cells. (Parks, 2009) Over the next six years of his Presidency, George Bush vetoed every bill that The House of Representatives and The Senate tried to pass to enhance America’s research and move the country forward. (Wikipedia, 2009) The United States has wasted six good years of research and allowed other countries to gain more

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  • Essay on Destructive Stem Cell Research

    Research Panel, conceded that the early human embryo is a form of developing human life that deserves our respect(5). Treating human life as mere research material is no way to show respect.   Finally, this proposal is unnecessary because adult stem cells and other alternatives are already achieving some of

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  • Is Embryonic Stem Cell Research Ethical? Essay

    The research of stem cells, particularly involving embryos and embryonic stem cells, has created a widespread controversy and a major issue in political debates. This is because starting a stem cell line requires the destruction of an embryo and/or the use of therapeutic cloning. Conversely, scientists believe that these techniques are necessary to pursue embryonic stem cell research. Even though embryos are destroyed when creating new cell lines, sacrifices must made to achieve medical advances

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  • Essay about The Importance of Stem Cell Research

    The federal government has created an eight year ban that denied any stem cell research facility the opportunity to receive federal funding which can more than double the state funding. President Barrack Obama has lifted that ban to allow researchers and scientists to pursue all of the possibilities that stem cell research has to offer. However, several organizations pressure the government to ban the research completely. Organizations such as the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops based

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  • Promising Medical Applications for Embryonic Stem Cells Essay

    extracted adult stem cells were then directed to differentiate into cartilage, bone and fat. The process could eventually lead to the creation of new knee joints and possibly a much improved success rate for knee replacement surgery. Similar research has been done with adult stem cells for hip replacement. But instead of creating entirely new bone tissue, scientists at the University of British Columbia and Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute have used adult stem cells to create a “living

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  • The Great Stem Cell Debate Essay

    body, head, arms, legs; they have no self awareness, memory, thought process or consciousness. They are smaller than a pin-prick”. (B.A. Robinson, 1998-2008) (para. 3) Yet pro-lifers believe that they have a soul. Proponents of human embryonic stem cell research point out that during the normal reproductive process eggs are often fertilized but never implanted in the uterus. A fertilized egg has the potential to become a human life, but until it has implanted in the womb it is not a human being

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  • Stem Cells and its Debate on Ethical Issues Essay

    tissues and organs is far too much to have available supply. Stem cells, directed to specialize into specific cell types, offer the possibility of a new renewable source of replacement cells and tissues to treat diseases including Alzheimer's diseases, stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and rheumatoid arthritis. People who suffer from type 1 diabetes, usually cells of the pancreas that normally produce insulin but people with it the cells are destroyed by the patient's own immune system. New research

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  • The Heated Debate Concerning Stem Cell Research Essay

    Collecting stem cells from bone marrow is “currently the only type of stem cell commonly used to treat human diseases” ("Stem Cells and Diseases [Stem Cell Information]"). Even though bone marrow is the most common way to gather stem cells, obtaining stem cells through umbilical cord blood is quickly becoming more and more developed. “For the therapies, doctors typically obtain cord blood from the placenta of volunteer donors after they give birth. The blood is then banked with one of several public

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  • Support Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay example

    of stem cells, two of which are adult and embryonic. Adult stem cells such as blood-forming stem cells in bone marrow (called hematopoietic stem cells, or HSCs) are currently the only type of stem cell commonly used to treat human diseases. (NIH) Stem cells are unspecialized cells capable of renewing themselves through cell division, sometimes after long periods of inactivity. Under certain physiologic or experimental conditions, they can be induced to become tissue or organ specific cells with

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  • Essay on Stem Cell Research: Should we legalize it?

    trying to pass federal funding for stem cell research. Eventually President Bush made an address on television stating that he will not allow federal funding for new stem cells, but will fund research for previously obtained embryos from the past and he would allow private companies to fund the research themselves. President Bush compared “the decision about federal funding of embryonic stem-cell research to a decision to commit troops to battle” (Gibbs 1). Stem cells have great potential but at the

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  • Positive and Negative Attention on Stem Cell Research Essay

    problem for young adults. The ability to use stem cell transplantation as a possible cure has been debated among the medical and scientific community. This process of transplanting hematopoietic stem cells started in the 1950s and has continued to be developed further since this time. Gaining more insight into the biology of these stem cells has also helped advances in this transplantation technology. In order to fully understand how hematopoietic stem cells affect a damaged tissue area, in depth studies

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  • Essay The Embryonic Stem Cell Research Controversy

    In his stem cell veto and executive order announcement, he states, “destroying human life in the hopes of saving human life is not ethical – and it is not the only option before us” (par. 11). With the backing of President Bush, embryonic stem cell research was halted, while federal funding was allotted to adult stem cell research and the search for more ethical methods of advancement. With these options, opponents of embryonic research suggest that there are ways to employ stem cells without

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  • Essay about Technology Ethic: Stem Cells

    These cell lines were capable of prolonged and undifferentiated process. Yet, maintained the ability to develop into a variety of specific cell types, including neural, gut, muscle, bone and cartilage cells. In theory, if stem cells can be grown, it would be possible to grow cells that has medical importance such as bone marrow, neural tissue, muscle tissue, or any other cells. ES cells have the capacity to multiply indefinitely. They can give rise to new stem cells with the same potential

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  • The Greatest Medical Breakthrough?the use of Pluripotent Stem Cells

    because no such suitable organ becomes available. Pluripotent stem cells offer the ability to grow new tissue or organs that would be suitable for such transplant patients. In addition, pluripotent stem cells offer the promise of a cure for diseases that transplantation does not resolve, “For juvenile diabetes and many other diseases, there is not a suitable transplantation therapy or other cure” (Goldstein, 2000, p. 1). Pluripotent stem cells also offer great promise for streamlining the development

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  • Supporting Embryonic Stem Cell Research Essay

    Benefits “Embryonic stem cells are of great interest to medicine and science because of their ability to develop into virtually any other cell made by the human body. In theory, if stem cells can be grown and their development directed in culture, it would be possible to grow cells of medical importance such as bone marrow, neural tissue or muscle. The first potential applications of human embryonic stem cell technology may be in the area of drug discovery. The ability to grow pure populations

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  • Essay on Embryonic Stem Cells: The Future of Medicine

    categories are totipotent, pluripotent and multipotent. Totipotent cells are found only in early embryos while pluripotent cells are found in the inner cell mass of the blastocyst – an embryo that has had cell division for five days– that can form two hundred different cell types. Multipotent cells originate from cord blood, fetal tissues, and adult stem cells and have a record of achievement in cell-based therapies. Although stem cell research is quite controversial, the medical achievements thus far

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