Cross Cultural Communication Essay

  • Cross Cultural Communication Essay

    In order to contribute to cross-cultural pragmatic understanding and effective communication, cross-cultural pragmatic studies have been conducted. Many have been conducted on refusals, as one of the speech acts used across cultures. (e.g. Beebe et al,1990; Nelson et al, 2002; Johnson, Vol. 10 No. 2 – October 2006 104 Fransiska Oktoprimasakti Roloff, et al 2004 ). All of the studies approached the strategy of refusing as a politeness strategy or an attempt to ‘save face’ when refusing

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  • Cross-Cultural Communication Essay

    members, since a huge number of young people were physically separated from their families, while a strong adherence and readiness for mutual assistance between members of one family remained almost untouched. Hospitality is a remarkable national and cultural feature for both cultures from foreigners’ point of view. Under the influence of Western culture there is a change observed in Bulgaria recent decades. For example, more and more families prefer to meet with friends not at home and even celebrate

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  • Ethnocentrism: Cross-cultural Communication Essay

    Culturally speaking, Hong Kong Chinese believe they are enjoying a cultural supremacy under British education system and Hong Kong is more globalized than any parts of China. Limited exposure and openness towards Mainland Chinese and their cultures caused the IC problems in Hong Kong. Cultural generalization also helps to explain the general distaste of Mainland Chinese in the ways they behave, for example, not following the queues. In example two, the Australian examiner’ ethnocentric attitude

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  • Essay on Euphemism in Cross-Cultural Communication

    So the similarities and differences of cultures are undoubtedly reflected by English and Chinese languages, including euphemisms. 2.1 Cultural Similarities Reflected by Euphemisms Euphemism as a cultural phenomenon has its specific role to play in culture. Cultural similarities reflected by English and Chinese euphemisms can be concluded by the functions of euphemisms. Basically speaking, the functions of English and Chinese euphemisms are the same, which can be divided as taboo-avoiding function

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  • Bridging the Gap Between Cross-Cultural Communication Essay

    This “personal space” example demonstrates that some cultural differences are apparent and simple to accommodate. Another contrast of cultural difference is demonstrated by a model of leadership consisting of one leader and many followers versus a culture based on extensive discussion and mutual decision making as a core value. It is difficult to comprehend working in a group where the participants are seldom asked for their input, but instead being led in the direction chosen by the

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  • Essay about Cross-cultural Communication and French Culture

    at factors that are not deemed relevant by Hofstede and give a more in depth picture of cultural differences. 3. In managing its Euro Disneyland operations, what are three mistakes that the company made? The biggest mistake first and foremost was that Disney did not understand the needs and behaviour of the customer. The customer was severely misunderstood and that let to many operational and cultural mistakes. Only 40% of the customers were French, many were vacationing Americans and Japanese

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  • The Importance of Effective Cross Cultural Communication in International Business (Research Proposal)

    Its purpose is the development of theories to explain the influences of cultural factors on leadership, organisational processes and business efficiency. Through cultural clustering and the use of the described theories and models GLOBE has lead to the publication of several papers and books in the field of intercultural management and effective CCC . 3 Definitions & Basic Theoretical Framework Before further discussing the purpose of the study, what possible research questions could be and

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  • Cross Cultural Essay

    practitioners must be especially careful in conducting business communication across cultures. It is necessary to try to rise above culturally imbued ways of viewing the world. To do this, one needs to understand how the perception of a given message changes depending on the culturally determined viewpoint of those communicating. THE FACTORS AFFECTING BUSINESS COMMUNICATION CROSS-CULTURAL Culture directly affects the communication process in an international business setting through seven variables:

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  • Cross Cultural Perspectives Essay

    will be involved with. This has to be the utmost importance and main goal of the organization. It is essential for a company to create a global environment that is respectful of everyone involved, considers their rights, and is conducive to all the cultural values involved. In spite of being successful in the United States, Wal-Mart has experienced some negative issues. One of those experiences was in Japan. Wal-Mart is accustomed to operating with a centralized warehouse that helps them keep

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  • Essay on Cross Cultural Ethical Perspectives

    any religion or culture. Experts say it showed a lack of cross-culture understanding. Daniel Goh, a sociologist, said that McDonald’s did not consult Muslim opinions before making the decision then assumed Muslim sensibilities which amounted to a form of self-censorship. Dr. Syed Muhd Khairudin Aljunied, said, “Pigs and dogs are not non-halal, except when they are consumed” (Loh, 2010). In any case, clearly McDonald’s takes special cultural considerations and precaution when promoting products into

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  • Essay about Importance of Cross-Cultural Training for Expatriates

    incompetency in handling unexpected events. Cross-cultural training helps the expatriate overcome such and similar possible issues by teaching the expatriate how to channel cultural differences excellently Cross-cultural training assists the expatriates to maintain their interpersonal relationships with the host country locals and defines their perception regarding the new culture and its norms, beliefs, values, and traditions. A typical cross-cultural training should be able to provide the expatriate

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  • Essay on Understanding Cross-Cultural Management

    architecture, rituals, dress codes, making contact, contracts, language, eating and so on. Operating at a second level, culture is to do with norms and values. Beliefs – or norms – are statements of fact about the way things are. These are the cultural rules, as it were, which explain what is happening at level one and determine what is right or wrong. Values are to do with general preferences as to what is good or bad, how things should be. The third – and deepest level – has to do with basic

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  • Avoiding Cross Cultural Miscommunication Essay

    strategies in which our organization can adapt to the culture in our organization. According to an article on alignment and how it works an why it matters in Training Magazine, organizational alignment can only be achieved wen our strategic goals and cultural values are consistent with each other. so, if we follow my recommendation and have a study of our organizational culture and if it reveals a need for change, we can hopefully get our orgnaization headed in the same direction. This will allow our

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  • Cross-Cultural Management in China Essay

    expected to follow the decision of leadership strictly, and leadership is more transactional. Traditional structure of Chinese state-owned companies constrains a single leader’s ability to change the organizational culture and enlarges the scope of cultural change possible. The structure of the Chinese organization consists of two systems: the business system and the Chinese Communist Party system. The business system is similar to the

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  • Effect of Cultural Globalization in Intercultural Communication

    Mass media and communication technologies are the primary instruments for cultural globalization. Global news services such as CNN disseminate the same events and issues across the world including some of the most remote locations in the world. A terrorist attack in a small village school in the Northern Caucasus can hold entire households in Kansas spellbound. This internationalization of news exposes countries to foreign ideas, practices, and lifestyles. The development of computer technology —

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  • Cross-Gender Communication as a Form of Intercultural Communication

    adult male and female verbal and nonverbal communication can be defined as intercultural communication (B.M. Mulvaney 4). Richard Porter and Larry Samovar define the intercultural communication as "whenever a message produces is a member of one culture and a message receiver is a member of another"(qtd.in B.M.Mulvaney 3). Non verbal communication is an area where the gender differences are seen as well. According to the Mehrabian "Nonverbal communication refers to those actions that are distinct

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  • Depression According to Cross-Cultural and Behavioural Perspective

    Indeed psychologists such as Berry, Poortinga, Segall, and Dasen (1992), refer to cross cultural psychology as being "the scientific study of human behavior and its transmission, taking into account the ways in which behaviors’ are shaped and influenced by social and cultural forces". When looking at depression, cross cultural psychology helps understand it deeper by analyzing and retrieving each characteristic of different cultures. According to psychologists, depression is felt and lived differently

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  • Cross Cultural Management of Japan & United States Essay

    and Nardon, 2010). Therefore, to ease the cultural differences between the two companies, the merged company should take appropriate steps. Following are some recommendations that can be used by the company to ease the cultural differences. Company should identify the cultural differences in both companies as it would be beneficial for the company to take necessary steps to avoid the cultural differences. In this concern, the company can use cultural analysis by doing the self analysis and

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  • Essay on Results of Poor Cross Cultural Awareness

    "arse". 9. Honda introduced their new car "Fitta" into Nordic countries in 2001. If they had taken the time to undertake some cross cultural marketing research they may have discovered that "Fitta" was an old word used in vulgar language to refer to a woman's genitals in Swedish, Norwegian and Danish. In the end they renamed it "Honda Jazz". 10. A nice cross cultural example of the fact that all pictures or

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  • Journal Review: Cross-Cultural Challenge in Product Placement

    iv. Which media genres considered appropriate (vs inappropriate) for product placement purposes? Are there any cross-cultural differences and similarities between the USA and Korea? v. Which product/service categories considered acceptable (vs unacceptable) for product placement purposes? Are there any cross-cultural differences between the USA and Korea? METHODOLOGY Sample Total of 471 college student consumers from America and

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  • Cross Cultural Management: An International Journal Essay

    despite the fact that in broad terms, China is still very much an economy of planning and control where demand exceeds supply. However, at the sales management level, the nurturing of relationships with customers is as important as in the West. Cross Cultural Management An International Journal Volume 3 - Number 2

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  • Cross Cultural Diversity Proposal Essay example

    Tone and demeanor are important to read since the majority of communication will be over the internet via emails. There will also be text messages and multimedia messages that may have one connotation from the author and when the receiver gets it, the message can have a completely different meaning. A leader in a multicultural team means respecting everyone’s differences and applying them to the project, to become successful. They also must work meticulously so they will not fall into the trap

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  • CROSS CULTURAL COMMUNICATION IN INDONESIA AND UNITED STATES Essay

    He also stated that 25% of yearly production was exported overseas, with USA became the biggest buyer of Volkswagen's car. This success also made Volkswagen major employer in unskilled worker for factory's assembly area. At the end of 1960s, Volkswagen AG was hit by a big crisis. There was a huge disturbance in top management, resulted in repeated changes on top management level. There was also an issue about strategic failure and inability to create successful new products for the market (Jurgens

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  • Essay about Cross Cultural Marketing by Mncs in India

    Consumerism as a Cultural Phenomenon CONSUMERISM AS AN ETHNOCULTURAL PHENOMENON Culture includes various aspects of social life-from religion to everyday Practices, from mundane to profound, from institutions to ideologies, from ideas to Activities, and from social formations to meaning systems. In fact, many aspects of cultural life have developed historically, either through internal evolution or by external imposition

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  • Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology Essay example

    Consequently, to divide the mind from its cultural circumstance and study it is basically to remove the mind from everything that makes it mindful. Thus the mission of cultural psychology is to have psychology move beyond the pointless nature versus nurture discuss and pay closer attention to what is important in the interface of nature and nurture, at least where higher level mental phenomena are concerned. Cultural psychology tries to achieve integrating cultural world-views to develop and determine

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  • Cross Cultural Issues in International Business Essay

    Cultural shows and games mark this public holiday for proud Fijians. The Lovo Feast This is a communal village feast for special occasions such as weddings, festivals or the inauguration of a new chief. Lovo is prepared by digging a large pit and lining it with dry coconut husks. The husks are set on fire, and then stones are heaped on top. When the flames from the coconut husks die down, the food is wrapped in banana leaves and lowered into the pit. Meat and fish are always put in first, and

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  • Essay about Cross Cultural Management - Hofstede

    usually can be characterized by a high level of self – belief, self – determination and a well – marked free will. Furthermore it is usual to speak one’s mind, even in meetings or conferences, in order to get one’s own way. This “direct” form of communication however cannot be seen as disadvantage in Germany. On the contrary, it is just a proof of facing honest business partners, team colleagues or superiors. Nevertheless foreign professionals might get the impression that Germans put their interests

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  • Cross-Cultural Differences Between Doing Business in France and China

    and indirect in their form of communication. When negotiating with the Chinese it should be remembered that they are, in general, more accepting of change. This means that a meeting can take several directions and does not necessarily have to follow a rigid structure. Furthermore, the Chinese are willing to take risks and will thus be more accepting of proposals that other cultures would not even consider i.e. high risk = high return. 2) Analyze the underlying cultural reasons why the practices differ

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  • Potential Communication Barriers Across Cultures and Offer Suggestions How to Overcome These Cultural Challenges

    (2011) discussed that relative power and social distance could affect the manner in which a person speaks in a Korean context, when Koreans talks to a senior, they have to speak in a very polite manner, using honorific during speaking. Another cross-cultural barrier could be difficulties of understanding humour. Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner (2004, p.73) illustrated that ‘cultures also vary on the permissible use of humour; humour is language-dependent and relies on a very quick sense of the meaning

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  • Cross Cultural Perspectives Essay

    All associates are instructed to never cover up or ignore any ethical conduct problem. They are encouraged to seek guidance and address matters in a timely matter, and self-report any wrongdoing to lighten the disciplinary actions for the breach in behavior. Walmart provides training and role plays through questionable ethical behavioral scenarios to ensure every CEO and associate knows how to act with integrity lead by example. Maintaining an excellent reputation is critical to maintaining 105

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