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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Knowledge Society
knowledge is society's main productive resource
productive resource is...?
Global City
urban centers that are home to the headquarters of large, transnational corporations
Urban Renewal/ Gentrification
when areas or buildings become upgraded and return to the control of the high-income dwellers rather than remaining in the hands of the poor
massive development and inhabiting of towns surrounding a city
Collective Consumption
physical shape of cities is a product of both market forces and the power of government (aspect of industrial capitalism)
Created Environment
lessens the differences in modes of social life between urban and rural people; space is continually restructured
agriculture becomes mechanized (industrial work)
(Wirth) related to the focus with how life in cities is distinctive from life elsewhere
form of social existence; life of cities can be felt outside of cities too
Urban Ecology
cities grown in response to advantageous features of the environment
in center; a mixture of big business prosperity and decaying private houses
cluster of cities and towns forming a continuos network
"city of cities"; peak of urban life today
movement of the population into towns and cities, away from the land
industrialization increased...?
Ecological Approach
sitting of major urban settlements and different neighborhoods within them is similar to ecology
role as connection points between enormous human populations and global economy
(Manuel Castells) one of the main features of third millennium urbanization
study of population
Crude Birthrates
expressed as the number of live births per year per thousand of the population
refers to how many live-born children the average woman has
the potential number of children women are biologically capable of bearing
Crude Death Rates
number of deaths per thousand of population per year
"mortality rates"
the number of deaths in a population
Infant Mortality Rate
number of babies per thousand births in any year who die before the age one
Life Expectancy
number of years the average person can expect to live
Life Span
maximum number of years that an individual could live
starting with one item and doubling it, doubling the result, etc.
Doubling Time
the period of time it takes for the population to double
Malthus predicted that humans would always live in circumstances of misery and starvation, unless they practiced "moral restraint"
Demographic Transition
changes in the ratio of births to deaths in the industrialized countries from the 19th century onward
Environmental Ecology
spread of industrial production may already have done severe damage to the environment
Sustainable Development
growth should be carried on in such a way as to recycle physical resources rather than deplete them and to keep levels of pollution to a minimum