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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Economic determinism
the idea that the nature of a society is based on the society’s economy
Mechanical solidarity
social unity based on a consensus of values and norms, strong social pressure for conformity, and dependence on tradition and family
the use of observation, experimentation, and other methods of the physical sciences in the study of social life
Dynamic equilibrium
the assumption by functionalists that a society both changes and maintains most of its original structure over time
Social structure
patterned, recurring social relationships
members of a society who own the means for producing wealth
the level of analysis that focuses on relationships among the social structures without reference to the interaction of the people involved
the scientific study of social structure
the method of understanding social behavior by putting oneself in the place of others
something that stands for, or represents, something else
Latent function
an unintended and unrecognized consequence of some element of a society
Conflict theory
the theoretical perspective that emphasizes conflict, competition, change and constraint within a society
Presentation of self
the ways that we, in a variety of social situations, attempt to create a favorable evaluation of ourselves in the minds of others
Social dynamics
the study of social change
Theoretical perspective
a set of assumptions accepted as true by its advocates
Social structure
patterned, reoccurring social relationships
the level of analysis concerned with the study of people as they interact in daily life
Sociological imagination
the set of mind that allows individuals to see the relationships between events in their personal lives and events in their society
Humanist sociology
the theoretical perspective that places human needs and goals at the center of sociology
Liberation sociology
the theoretical approach to sociology that seeks to replace human oppression with greater democracy and social justice
Social statics
the study of stability and order in society
members of society who labor for the bourgeoisie at subsistence wages
Class conflict
the conflict between those controlling the means for producing wealth and those laboring for them
Organic solidarity
social unity based on a complex of highly specialized roles that makes members of a society dependent on one another
Value-free research
research in which personal biases are not allowed to affect the research process and its outcomes
the tendency to use knowledge and impersonality in social relations to gain increased control over society
the theoretical perspective that emphasizes the contributions (functions) made by each part of a society
Manifest function
an intended and recognized consequence of some element of society
a negative consequence of some element of a society
the ability to control the behavior of others, even against their will
Feminist theory
a theoretical perspective that links the lives of women and men to the structure of gender relationships within society
Symbolic interactionism
the theoretical perspective that focuses on interaction among people based on mutually understood symbols
the symbolic interactionist approach that depicts social life as theater