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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
rules defining appropriate and inappropriate behavior
norms that lack moral significance
norms that have moral dimensions and that should be followed by members of a society
rule of behavior, the violation of which calls for a strong punishment
a norm that is formally defined and enforced by officials
rewards and punishments used to encourage people to follow norms
broad ideas about what is good or desirable shared by people in a society
norms are based on...
...based on values
ideas about the nature of reality
social categories
groups of people who share a social characteristic such as age, gender, or religion
group that is part of the dominant culture but differs from it in some important respects
a subculture deliberately and conciously opposed to certain central beleifs or attitudes of the dominant culture
judging others in terms of one's own cultural standards
cultural universals
general culture traits that exist in all cultures but not always carried out the same way
cultural particulars
the ways in which a culture expresses universal traits
a cultural process of learning to participate in a group; enables people to fit into all kinds of social groups
Harry Harlow
studied the negative affects of isolation on Rhesus monkeys, and then in turn applied the observations to human infants
self concept
an image of yourself as having an identity seperate from other people
looking glass self
image of yourself based on what you believe others think of you
significant other
people whose reactions are most imp[ortant to your self concept
generalized other
integrated conception of the norms, values, and beleifs of one's community or society
role taking
assuming the viewpoint of another person and using it to shape self concept
Mead's 3 stages of role taking
1. imitation stage--children imitate without understanding why
2. play stage--act in ways they imagine other people would
3. game stage-- anticipate actions of others based on social rules
the part of the self formed through socialization
part of self that accounts for the unlearned, spontaneous acts
hidden cirriculum
informal and unofficial aspects of culture that children are taught in school, such as: discipline, order, cooperation, adn conformity
reference group
group whose norms and values are used to guide behavior; group with whom you identify