Essay about Virtual Reality Learning Environments
Potentials and Challenges
Computer graphics technology enables us to create a remarkable variety of digital images and displays that, given the right conditions, effectively enrich education [Clark 1983]. Real-time computer graphics are an essential component of the multi-sensory environment of Virtual Reality (VR). This article addresses the unique characteristics of emerging VR technology and the potential of virtual worlds as learning environments. I will describe several key attributes of VR environments and discuss them in relationship to educational theory and pedagogical practice. I will then identify three challenges that must be met before VR can be integrated into educational settings: …show more content…
"If there are limits on the human ability to respond to learning environments, we are so far away from the limits as to make them presently inconsequential. Throughout human history to date, it has been the environments, not the human beings, that have run up against limitations." [Leonard 1968]
1. VR is experiential. We actively inhabit a spatial multi-sensory environment. We are both physically and perceptually involved in the experience, and we feel a sense of presence within a virtual world. ìWe are immersed in a very high bandwidth stream of sensory input, organized by our perceiving systems, and out of this ëbathí of sensation emerges our sense of being in and of the world.î [Zeltzer 1990] We experience the environment as if it were real, while still fully aware that it is computer-generated.
Educational theorists have agreed on the fundamental importance of experiential learning for over a hundred years: "Learning is the development of experience into experience." [James 1892] "Knowledge begins with enaction." [Bruner 1962] "To learn is to make sense out of experience." [Silberman