The Benefits of Environmentally Responsible Residential Housing Beginning in the 1960s, our society has become increasingly aware of mankind’s negative impact on the earth. We have heard more about topics such as pollution, water contamination, Acid Rain, and Global Warming. All of these environmental concerns have displayed a need for more environmentally sensitive development. Environmentally responsible residential development is defined by Brewster as, "the production of building and communities that conserve resources and reduce waste through more efficient use of materials, energy, and water; that are more durable and useful; and that are designed for adaptive use or the recycling of their materials" (33). By definition alone,
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George Brewster is development consultant and a member of the Environmentally Responsible Development Subcommittee. Therefore, his knowledge on the topic is qualified. In today’s society, we recognize that these assumptions are incorrect, but we have not adapted our building styles accordingly. The concern for air, land, and water pollution should also be considered when building homes.
The first reason why we should increase environmentally responsible residential development is because it reduces pollution. One type is air pollution, which is caused by emissions that are produced by the home and by the electric plants. "Traditional energy-inefficient home is responsible for 12.8 tons of air pollution per year" (Pijawka 97). An environmentally responsible home that is energy efficient would cut this figure dramatically by utilizing active and passive solar techniques. A home illustrating this was recently built in Flagstaff Arizona, because of the use of solar energy, there were no utility expenses (Phillips E4).
Another type of pollution that is being reduced by this type of development, is water pollution or contamination. Our rivers and bodies of water are poisoned by the runoff of lawn herbicides and pesticides, gallons of treated waste water, and