This chapter includes the previous research work done on stress, stress at workplace, and stress management and prevention strategies of stress. The concept of stress and stress at workplace and how it is evolved during long period of time is described under this section. The various forms of preventions to stress by researchers are also described. Also the linkage of intervention strategies with stress is well-defined. The parameters defined under various research papers are described briefly that how they are used in the researches done.
The term “stress” is defined in various ways by S. Michie in Occup Environ Med, 2002 as pressure from the environment, then as pressure within the person. She also says that it is one of interaction
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The model concludes with saying that foreign status will increase the effects of stress on job satisfaction, depression and health. Christopher Tennant in Journal of Psychosomatic Research 51, 2001, “work-related stress” and depressive disorders says work and family are the two domains from which most adults derive satisfaction in life; equally they are the common sources of stressful experiences. The working environment continues to change with globalization of the world economy and economic rationalization driving job restructuring, greater part-time and contract work, and greater workload demands that commonly occur in a context of higher job insecurity. Employees are commonly faced with greater demands and less job security, both of which are likely to be stressful, thus psychological disorders especially depression may increasingly be caused by work-related stressors. The implications of work-related stress include the effects on worker satisfaction and productivity, their mental and physical health, absenteeism and its economic cost, the wider impact on family function and finally, the potential for employer liability. Depression is the most likely adverse psychological outcome. Occupational stress is of increasing importance due to continuing structural changes in the workplace, with both