Nevertheless, the dynamic and fast-changing organizational, project and skill requirements of the industry present a challenging environment for the effective management and development of human resources.
On the other hand, many researchers have seen the industry as a project-based environment (Chinowsky and Meredith, 2000; Clough et al.,2000; Raiden and Dainty, 2006). Accordingly, below summarizes the particular challenges typical for the industry, as a project-based environment, from the related literatures. All the above statements indicate that much emphasis has been placed on HRD practices and their applications in order to improve the performance of the industry. Nevertheless, little attention has also been given to the importance of staff training and motivation in HRD strategies in construction industry 's literature.
Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) (2004) includes project human resource management as organizational planning, staff acquisition and team development. However, training and motivation are considered as two main parts of team development practices by …show more content…
As a result, training has been considered as a systematic process by different practitioners in order to improve individual and organizational job performances. Training is also needed to have effective ways and methods for developing employees and making improvements on companies ' fulfilments. Accordingly, training and development should be perceived as essential elements of employee development practices by companies (Huemann, 2010; Iatagana et al., 2010; Raiden and Dainty, 2006).
Consequently, it seems necessary for all organizations, particularly the construction organizations, to perceive employees ' training and development as part of the company 's HRD policies as well as the