Phi 208 Final Paper

1088 Words Aug 12th, 2013 5 Pages
What can we know?
Joseph Ransford
PHI208: Ethics and Moral Reasoning (GTP1306D)
Michele Clearman-Warner

Epistemology or theory of knowledge is a branch of philosophy related to the scope and nature of knowledge. The subject focuses on examining the nature of knowledge, and how it relates to beliefs, justification, and truth. Epistemology contract with the means of production of knowledge, as well as skepticism about different knowledge claims. “Epistemology is the philosophical investigation into this question: What can we know? The question, at first, seems pretty simple: It seems pretty obvious that I know that 3+5+8, that the sun will rise tomorrow and that my chances of winning the lottery aren’t very good. I also know
…show more content…
One of the Schools of Skepticism is Pyrrhonism, whom was found by the Greek physician Sextus Empiricus (2nd century CE). Sextus was once thought of as a compiler many recent studies have found within the philosophical originality. Sextus explained that Skepticism was not a philosophy but rather a way of life in which one opposed all claims to truth with equal opposite claims. Sextus also attributed to the Greek philosopher Aenesidemus (1st century BC) whom was a also a source for information regarding ancient skepticism. In ancient times, critics of skepticism accused philosophers of inconsistency, immorality, incoherence, and inability to live their skeptics. The arguments were ranged widely from the claim that skeptics could not be fully skeptical because they believed their own accusations are true to the claim that skeptics will not make reliable friends. In the late 1980’s, a number of scholars of skepticism continued to maintain claims, but opinions turned in the 90’s as a consensus emerge in which skeptics could live their skepticism, and it wouldn’t be any more immoral than followers of other philosophies. Sextus Text consisted of refutation of other dogmatic philosophies since he quoted other philosophers ideas in order to refute them. The text had been an important source of information about ancient Stoicism, Epicureanism, and many other philosophies.
A few examples of Skepticism are suppose

Related Documents