Human Service Model Of Substance Abuse

In today’s world there are many different issues that receive attention from the media, communities, and organizations that try to raise awareness and help solve them. One of these issues is substance abuse. In the human service system substance abuse is one problem that patients have, need treatment for, and require education on. The human service system has a models of service delivery that is broken into three parts: the medical model, the public health model, and the human service model. Each model views a patient differently and has a different approach to helping the patient. The medical model views a person as a patient and they are known to be “sick” or “ill”. In this model a person expects to be seen diagnosed, treated, and cured …show more content…
The human service models main goal is helping individuals, known as clients, solve their problems and working with the client as a whole (Woodside & McClam, 2015). In this model the human service worker works closely with the client to identify their problem and their strengths. With substance abuse users it is important to identify not only their problem with the use of drugs and alcohol, but ways for them to recover and rebuild their self-esteem. A client with substance abuse may not have a job, as their use has overcome their life to the point they aren’t able to function properly. Also, due to substance abuse a person may have family issues. A human service worker will see that these are other problems their client may have and work with them to “maintain a drug-free lifestyle, and achieve productive functioning in the family, at work, and in society” ("DrugFacts: Treatment Approaches for Drug Addiction | National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)," 2009). It is important that a human service worker first identify on the current problem and help their client focus on getting immediate treatment, and then move to helping them with other issues. Once a client learns how to effectively solve a problem, they can then use those problem solving skills in future obstacles they may face. A few strengths to the human service model are it helps a client gain self-esteem by teaching them ways to be able to solve their own problems and it gives them immediate help that addresses their issues. With substance abuse it is important that a client seeking help receives it as soon as possible, as they are likely to continue using if they feel that there is no hope. Sometimes, there are obstacles that are faced in the human service model, these include clients and helpers viewing problems differently and not agreeing on what is versus what is not a problem. Also, some clients are not open to new ideas as a prior

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