Wallowa River

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  • Chief Joseph's Last Years Summary

    appointed physician in 1890 on the Colville Reservation in the Nespelem quarter (Gidley 1981). Edward S. Meany (1862 – 1935) was an educator and a historian. Henry M. Steele (1863 – 1903) pioneer, and Barnett Stillwell (1864 – 1928) was a businessman and teacher, and taught at the Nespelem Day School. John McAdam Webster (1849 – 1921) was a U.S army officer and Indian agent (Gidley 1981). These people will play an important role later on in the third section of this book, they document the few last years of Chief Joseph’s life. Then follows the chronology that provides a list of dates, along with pieces from speeches and the fame of Chief Joseph (Gidley 1981). Documentations start as early as 1750 when the French make contact with the Wallowa Valley Nez Perces. Then shows the growth of the fur trade, connections with the Europeans, missionaries which leads to tensions between natives and Europeans. In 1840 Chief Joseph is born from Tu-eka-kas, otherwise known as Old Joseph. By 1853 the Nez Perces home land was being cut in two, then in 1860 the gold rush happened breaking the Stevens’ treaties. Three years later this territory was again split into three parts and by 1867 forced to move off their lands. On June 1st 1877 war erupted between the Nez Perces and the United States Government. By October 5th Chief Joseph gave up this fight from his homeland saving 84 men, 184 women, and 147 children (Gidley 1981). In 1885 Joseph and his people are relocated to Nespelem on the…

    Words: 1804 - Pages: 8
  • The Importance Of Environmental Risks In Our Environment

    Downstream of dams, marked changes in fish populations occur as a consequence of blockage of migration routes, disconnection of the river and floodplain, and changes in flow regime, physiochemical conditions, primary production and channel morphology(McCartney, 2009, pg. 128). Due to the changes in the fish population caused by dams, the 1996 International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Animals includes 617 freshwater fishes (McCartney, 2009, pg.128). Fresh water…

    Words: 775 - Pages: 4
  • How To Prevent Tillamook Flood

    with the name first, but it surely does fit our feelings for the town. Growing up in Tillamook, I start to notice more and more of the horrifying damage the rain water and rivers do to our town. According to the Tillamook County Department of Community Development, "DO NOT ENTER FLOOD WATER!" flood…

    Words: 1019 - Pages: 5
  • Lower Onion Creek Flood Analysis

    Due to the flooding in Lower Onion Creek, Eric Rangel, 17, had to drop out of school due to the financial burden that flooding has imposed on his family. The Lower Onion Creek area flooded twice, once on October 31, 2013, and October 30, 2015. Many Lower Onion Creek residents are living in condemned homes five months after the latest flood. Eric Rangel said after the floods, the city condemned his home. His home was no longer inhabitable, and his family had to seek other shelter options.…

    Words: 764 - Pages: 4
  • Environmental Parameters Vs. Plankton Incidents

    snowpack melt in the summer. During upwelling events nutrient rich ground water would be brought up to the surface layers. If there is a spike in nutrient levels without any rainfall and low water temperature and low dissolved oxygen were observed, it usually implies to upwelling events. Upwelling can be localized and could also bring up the resting cysts of harmful plankton. Upwelling at known hotspots would lead to a bloom event during favorable conditions. A discrete sample was collected from…

    Words: 1253 - Pages: 5
  • Fishing In America Essay

    How long have people been fishing, not only for fun, but as a source of food? The answer, thousands of years, in “Egyptian artwork from 2000 B.C. shows people fishing” ( Hopkins 6). It is surprising, yet understandable knowing that even ancient people fished. It would of been an easy source of food. The lakes, rivers, streams, etc. were all full of a diverse population of fish, which would of made fish an easy meal to catch and eat. They were the first people to begin fishing so the…

    Words: 1415 - Pages: 6
  • The Pros And Cons Of Dams

    devastating amount of damage that people don’t recognize because they create “green energy”. Dams block the natural flow of rivers, in turn causing problems with vegetation dying, fish migration, and the buildup of toxins. These problems cause unnecessary harm the surrounding ecosystem and sometimes unrepairable damage to the earth, which appeal to the moral principles of not causing more harm than necessary and leaving the earth in an as good as or better condition. To repair the damage caused…

    Words: 1974 - Pages: 8
  • Text 1 Persuasive Speech

    embedding his argument in our minds. He chooses to list every dammed waterway and occasionally compare dams to another large famous structure, which to us, are shocking revelations. Since most of his essay is comprised of the list-type sentence, it results in subliminal messaging of our damnation of American rivers. Chouinard’s and Barcott’s negative opinions on the existence of dams are presented dissimilarly. Chouinard goes for the logos in all humans, presenting fact after fact, statistic…

    Words: 853 - Pages: 4
  • Hatchet Reflection

    One novel that has impacted my life greatly would have to be Hatchet by Gary Paulsen. This story is about a young miner who was in an airplane crash. The airplane landed in a lake in the forest. The boy had to learn how to survive on his own with nothing, but his hatchet. That special hatchet was a gift from his mother, which she gave him before his airplane departed. Throughout the summer, he learns how to survive in the part of the wilderness he had never seen before. Particularly, this book…

    Words: 384 - Pages: 2
  • Platte River: A Short Story

    We have just left and we are going to follow the south side of the Platte River. We have to cross the river in about 170 miles. We have heard from other settlers that it's too wide to bridge so we have to use the sandbars to get across. That has been a stressful thought, hopefully no one has any troubles. It's also very shallow which could cause problems because the current will be going at a high speed. After 6 days of travel we have finally met the river crossing. It's current was…

    Words: 624 - Pages: 3
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