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    Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) is the obstruction of blood vessels that supply the heart muscle, due to the deposition of lipid material [1]. The risk factors affecting the prevalence of CHD within Australians today are presented in Figure 1. Figure 1: The risk factors affecting the prevalence of Coronary Heart Disease in Australia (extracted from [2] and [3]) Modifiable Risk Factors Non-Modifiable Risk Factors Diet, containing saturated fat and salt Increasing age Hyperlipidemia Gender Excessive alcohol and tobacco use Family history Psychological stress Heredity According to Figure 2 (Page 2), the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) observed a 73% decrease in mortality caused by CHD, between 1968 and 2011 [4]. More specifically,…

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    and adaptive behavior and can be “expressed in conceptual, social, and practical adaptive skills” (Hallahan, et al., 2014, 87). ASD and ID are related in that they share some similar issues which affect an individual’s academics. Two similar issues are working memory and language impairments (Hallahan, et al., 96, 217, 220) However, ASD and ID closely related in regards to behavioral issues. An individual with ASD or an ID is expected to be included in a general education classroom and not be…

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    Both post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and sexual minorities (alt. LGBT) are important issues to consider in light of modern social development and psychological consideration. With 3.6% of Americans openly identify as LGBT, some cities having up to as high as 6.2% and American youth projected to identify with LGBT or sexual minority labels more than prior generations (Alessi, Meyer, & Martin, 2013). In the light of recent international conflicts, increased attention has been payed to PTSD…

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    Specific populations and their risks of suicide The suicide prevalence rate for the general U.S. population in 2013 was 12.1 per 100,000 (CDC, 2013). However, as mentioned earlier, suicide prevalence rates vary from population to population. Among full-time college students aged 18-22, the suicide attempt prevalence rate is 0.9% (CDC, 2015). In 2012, the U.S. military 's suicide prevalence rate was 22.7 per 100,000 (Department of Defense, 2013). Finally, according to an international study,…

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    Common patient safety rates include rates of incidence, prevalence, error and harm. A. Sound Definition of the Event The authors state a “sound definition of the event” is needed to efficiently evaluated IRS. To further standardize hospital event reporting, AHRQ developed a set of event definitions and incident reporting tools known as the “Common Formats”. The authors felt improvements are difficult to demonstrate without clear definitions and without adequate funding/staffing. To speak to…

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    technological tools were about three times more in the US (Squires 2012). Another key point is the effects of changing demographic dynamics. Aging is a common concern discussed by many researchers. Since advancement in health care elevates the life expectancy, an increasing portion of aging population will lead to a higher health expenditure. Congressional Budget Office expects the elderly population to be more than half of the health spending by 2037 (2012). In addition to aging population, a…

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    Bulimia Nervosa Case Study

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    cases. According to studies done in the UK and Netherlands, the incidence rate of Bulimia Nervosa decreased from the second half of the 1990s until in 2000, when it remains stable in women aged 10-19 years. Studies done in Italy and Netherlands also show a decrease followed by a plateau of the incidence rate. However, there is not enough data about the incidence rate of EDNOS because its definition is heterogeneous and its definition criteria is relatively new. Another important concern that is…

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    colonized NZ and settlers brought with them tobacco and introduced it as a means of manipulating and controlling the Maori people (Glover, 2005). As British settlers confiscated the land, the Maori people lost their primary source of income therefore causing them to turn calming effects such as smoking. Over time tobacco became a source of stress relief and thus a behavioural norm amongst Maoris’. This behavioural norm has endured through generations resulting in a high number of Maori smokers…

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    constitutes the first phase of the illness, after which the infected individual will recover. However, after this reprise from symptoms, the individual may enter phase two of the sickness, also called Weil’s disease, characterized by jaundice, abdominal pain, rashes, red eyes, kidney failure, liver failure, or meningitis (“Signs and Symptoms”). In addition to these symptoms, leptospirosis in this stage may also cause haemorrhages, myocarditis with arrhythmias, and pulmonary haemorrhages with…

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    since its beginning. In 1833 approximately 500 people lived in Jonesborough. According to Jonesborough.org at that time, it had four physicians, two churches, and four schools (joneborough.org). Today it has 122 general practitioners and 21 physicians’ offices listed in the yellow pages located in Jonesborough. There are two nursing care facilities and one health department for Washington County, in which Jonesborough is part. Jonesborough does have a 911 system in place. However, there is no…

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