Entrapment And Suicide

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Specific populations and their risks of suicide

The suicide prevalence rate for the general U.S. population in 2013 was 12.1 per 100,000 (CDC, 2013). However, as mentioned earlier, suicide prevalence rates vary from population to population. Among full-time college students aged 18-22, the suicide attempt prevalence rate is 0.9% (CDC, 2015). In 2012, the U.S. military 's suicide prevalence rate was 22.7 per 100,000 (Department of Defense, 2013). Finally, according to an international study, incarcerated youth are 3 to 18 times more at risk for suicide than age-matched controls and have a lifetime self-injury rate ranging from 6.2% to 44% (Cassiano, et al., 2013). Given that different communities are exposed to unique external factors and internal pressures, it may be particularly meaningful to study how these factors relate to their varied levels of suicidality. Such comparisons may shed light on the role that escape motivation and entrapment play in suicide. The following sections will detail preliminary evidence for the role of
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In a sample of 140 undergraduate students, Lester (2012) found that scales for defeat-entrapment were more strongly predictive of suicide ideation than haplessness-hopelessness-helplessness. Additionally, in a sample of 93 undergraduate students who reported suicidality, Taylor and colleagues (2010) found that even after controlling for hopelessness, perceived social support, and problem solving ability, feelings of entrapment and defeat predicted suicide ideation. Together, these studies suggest that students might be a population for which the defeat-entrapment construct is uniquely clinically

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