Phenomenology

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    Phenomenology research is one of the five approaches to qualitative research design. Qualitative research is used to provide insights into the research questions/ problems. Qualitative research starts with an assumption of a particular topic. Once the assumption is research the results of that research is descriptive. Each approach within qualitative research provides a way thinking about conducting qualitative research. Phenomenology approach is a way to examine and understand how the world appears to others. History of Phenomenology Phenomenology as a long productive history, although the name was created in the early 20th century, phenomenology had been used for many centuries. Hindu and Buddhist philosophers used phenomenology when they reflected on states of consciousness when attempting to achieve various states meditation. Philosophers and theorists Descartes, Hume, and Kant practiced phenomenology in their studies of the states of perception, thought, and imagination. William James also used phenomenology when appraising kinds of mental activity. Throughout history phenomenology have been use is…

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    Phenomenology is the study of experiences. The phenomenological method is the way to critically look at the natural attitude. By using the phenomenological method one is able to interpret our experiences into brackets. There are three ways to look at this method: epoché, phenomenological reduction and eidetic variation. Epoché refers to the bracketing of assumptions about the metaphysical world. In this approach you suspend all beliefs, opinions, and theories about an object. You parenthesis any…

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    Heidegger sought to radicalize the traditional understanding of what it means to be human and the transform the ‘common sense’ approach held by the tradition by reawakening the question of the meaning of being; however, he arrived too early. Even though his unfinished edifice was successfully nailed on the door of Cartesian tradition long ago; the discussion fell, and is still falling, upon deaf ears. This split with the tradition led him to a disagreement with his old master Edmund Husserl…

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    1.1.1.1 Phenomenology Phenomenology is a research philosophy that is involved with exploring and understanding the lived experience of individuals, through focusing on a particular experiential perspective (Finlay, 2012; Savin-Baden & Major, 2013). The lived experience of an individual is revealed by how one perceives and makes sense of an event, process or object (Finlay, 2012). The approach has its origins in the work of Husserl, who emphasises the importance and relevance of focusing on…

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    will be managed by firstly exploring the philosophical tradition of phenomenology, so as to create an adequate theoretical background. More specifically, it will follow the historical development of this philosophical movement to understand how it affected architecture and the production of meaning in architectural thinking. Then it will turn towards the senses, emphasizing on the sense of smell and how it can affect the way we experience places. Phenomenology in architecture “The discipline…

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    The art historian Jack Burnham highlighted the approach towards a new conception initiated by Minimal Art, in which viewer an opponent (work of art) step into action. In the chapter Pure Form becomes Pure Experience (1968) he refers to the philosopher Merleau-Ponty and his phenomenology. A direct connection between the philosopher and Minimal Art was already identified by Rosalind Krauss in her article Allusion and illusion in Donald Judd (1966): "In order to attain meaning of Donald Judd 's…

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    Inception directed by Christopher Nolan depicts a man named Dom Cobb, with the ability to infiltrate people’s dreams and steal their secrets from their subconscious. During his journey he encounters a most challenging task; to plant an idea in someone's mind. Dom Cobb’s task introduces the Phenomenological study of reality viewed in the Metaphysical unit of Philosophy. According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, “Phenomenology is the study of consciousness as an experienced form of…

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    anguish, these and other ethical notions play a central role in Sartre’s philosophy of freedom” (Bailey). When Sartre spoke of monstrous freedom, he was identifying the freedom that allows people to create their own identity. This is not only a wonderful freedom to have, but it is also one that can lead us to despair and anguish. Sartre believed that man is absolutely and totally free, and that with this freedom comes an apprehension that can be distressing or can lead to despair. The reason…

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    Freedom can mean many things to many people, freedom to me means being liberated from what once held one in bondage. Although, freedom according to the Merriam Webster’s dictionary gives a concise definition which states: “Liberation from slavery or restraint or from the other power of another: independence. Nevertheless, Martin Luther king Jr. is a well-known activist who fought for the freedom for African Americans. Also know for the March and his I have a dream speech. He wrote a letter…

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    ICU Nurses: A Case Study

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    The intensive care unit (ICU) is regarded as an extremely stressful work environment for nurses. Extensive work-related stress has been associated with psychological disturbances that influence the mental health status of ICU nurses. Work-related stress within the intensive care unit has been found to be correlated with anxiety, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and burnout out syndrome (BOS) in ICU nurses. Anxiety and depressive symptoms in the workplace may result in…

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