Maurice Merleau-Ponty

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    Husserl and three other phenomenologists, Heidegger, Sartre, and Merleau-Ponty, discovered different conceptions, different methods, and different results of phenomenology. The Encyclopedia of Phenomenology notes seven types of phenomenology: 1) Transcendental constitutive phenomenology, 2) Naturalistic constitutive phenomenology, 3) Existential phenomenology, 4) Generative historicist phenomenology, 5) Genetic phenomenology, 6) Hermeneutical phenomenology and 7) Realistic phenomenology. Husserl defined phenomenology as “the science of the essence of consciousness”. Husserl considered the phenomenology approach to be “explicitly in the first person point of view” (Smith & Zalta, 2016). As time passed various philosophers continued to debate over the proper characterization of phenomenology and its results and methods. For example, Martin Heidegger who studied Husserl 's early writings and worked as Husserl assisted in 1916, had his own ideas about phenomenology. Heidegger believe that people and their activities are always “in the world and our being is being-in-the-world, so we do not study our activities by bracketing the world” (Smith & Zalta, 2016). Heidegger believed that “we interpret our activities and the meaning things have for us by looking to our contextual relations to things in the world” (Smith & Zalta, 2016). In the 1940’s, Maurice Merleau-Ponty developed a variety of phenomenology. Merleau-Ponty focused on correlations between sensation and stimulus. He…

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    Inside Out is a film that is about one main character, Riley. The film shows us how from the time of Riley’s birth until eleven years of age, how her emotions change as the older she gets. The first emotion that Riley is born with is Joy. Joy is always happy, and looks to the brighter side of anything negative. Next came sadness. Sadness seems to always look down on everything, or finds the negative in everything. Fear was third to arrive. He gave Riley a sense of caution in times of danger…

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    Quebec, after 1965 the Catholic Church experienced a dramatic decline in its authority and its role in Quebec society. The people then abandoned the Catholic Church rapidly, and then transferred their allegiance from the Catholic Church to the Quebec state. This created a political vacuum within Quebec, due to the fact that, in contrast to the previously powerful Catholic Church, the state did not have the infrastructure to deal with the Quebec population 's social and economic needs. In…

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    A Good Man is Hard to Find in a Cathedral In works of literature, authors who use various forms of literary tools such as characterization, dialogue, and symbolism to help the readers understand the complexities within the stories. From the authors’ perspective, stories that have every detail and plot laid out for the reader will exemplify a poorly written piece of work. In the story “Cathedral” by Raymond Carver and “A Good Man is Hard to Find” by Flannery O’Conner, the main characters had to…

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    Losing A Loved One Essay

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    How to Heal Death is inevitable. Any creature that is born into this world arrives with an expiration date. It could be as soon as they were born or in a hundred years. Death is a sad and an unwanted event, which almost no one knows how to perfectly cope with. There are numerous remedies to numb oneself from the pain but none that is acceptable for you, physically, mentally or emotionally. People seem to face losing a person with an attitude they obtained from their first experience. With that…

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    The period of early 20th century was the time that the great musical changes were happened. At the end of the 19th century, enormous social and technological change prompted pessimism. By that time, there was a sense that progress could not continue forever. Old ideas and values no longer necessary and romanticism reached its limit in arts. Especially in music, Romanticism seems overextended which means music can no longer be longer, grander, more expressive. Because of this reason, the…

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    Debussy's Musical Impressionism "I have no hobbies...They never taught me anything but music." ––Claude Debussy. He brought an entirely new musical style into the public eye; he expressed visual phenomena by appealing to auditory senses; he stepped outside of the grasp of Romanticism, yet still followed its pathways; he paved the road for nearly all modern music to be composed after him; he altered music history. Claude Debussy was nothing if not an absolute master of the art of composition,…

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    Essay #1 Draft: Close Reading Contrary to popular belief, the stereotypical “real man” who never shows emotion does not reflect mature, developed behavior. It is easy to assume that if one does not show emotion, he/she is not present, and that by suppressing those emotions one can make them “go away.” Plato argues in “Republic,” his seminal work that describes his ideal city, that not only is suppressing the emotions of sadness, humor, or passion essential in a perfect society, but that the…

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    All students are excited for breaks from school, but in Seamus Heaney’s case his break was more of a hard blow than a relaxing time. This lyrical poem addresses the reader directly by reaching their emotions. The poem is about an elder brother who was away at school but had to return home in order to attend the funeral of his younger brother who tragically passed away. The poem is written in first person from the viewpoint of Seamus Heaney himself, he focuses on the reactions of his parents…

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    critique, anger, and arguments were part of their daily routine. They may have been days where they ignored each other completely; but every night, they went to sleep under the same roof: the stars of Canada. Their relationship was one of the rare moments when history can be turned into poetry. Back in 1936, on a platform of change and reform, Maurice Duplessis became the sixteenth Premier of Québec. As the leader of Union Nationale, a political party supporting the demands and needs of the…

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