Medical statistics

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    (AIHW, 2010). Furthermore, the Australian Bureau of Statistics (2013) observed that Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people were twice as likely to suffer from circulatory disease, including CHD; as illustrated in Figure 4, CHD was highly prevalent in Indigenous Australians in comparison to non-Indigenous Australians for all age categories, except “55 and over” (ABS, 2013). As highlighted by Gray, Brown and Thompson (2012) the disparity ten years ago, where Indigenous Australians were only 1.5 times likely to develop CHD; thus, signifying that the socioeconomic disparity between both groups has impacted the risk of Ischemic disease (Gray, Brown and Thompson, 2012). In order to address this, the Centre of Research Excellence explores the epidemiological effect of CHD, via the Kanyini Vascular Collaboration (KVC) project, within Indigenous populations (Huffman and Galloway, 2010). Established in 2005, the program itself aims to: identify barriers to care, collaborate with community-based primary health services, develop health programs to meet Indigenous patients’ needs and influence governmental policies for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of chronic diseases, such as CHD (KVC, 2015). Peiris et al. (2012) verified that in an audit undertaken by the organisation, the inaccuracy of being misdiagnosed of a chronic vascular disease (predominantly including CHD) in medical institutions across Australia was 56%; hence, demonstrating the…

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    Additionally, the African American population as a whole have higher rates of various illnesses such as hypertension, HIV, and STDs (Guerra, 2013). Thus, African American adult women can be more susceptible to developing disease. From an economic point of view, the rate of education in African American women in 2010 was 21.4%, lower than that of Caucasians, and that, consequently, lead to lower lifetime incomes (Guerra, 2013). The impacts of these choices have lasting impacts on the life and…

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    Key words used are: falls, systemic review, and aged. Inclusion criteria for randomized control trials (RCTs) are: 60 years or over participants or with stroke, Parkinson’s disease, and other medical condition, living in community, hospitals, or care homes, and comparison of multiple intervention from single, multifactorial, or no intervention. The authors used the NHS Centre for Review and Dissemination protocol that is located at the Peninsula Collaboration for Applied Research and Care…

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    There are associations between the materialistic/structural explanation and the cultural behavioural explanation. The cultural explanation suggests that the social distribution of poor health is linked to differences in individual behaviours and to different groups’ attitudes towards their health (Daykin, 2001). The Stroke Foundation of NZ (2010) suggests that people who are subject to a greater degree of disadvantage were estimated to have about a 60% increased risk of stroke when compared with…

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    Absolute Risk Reduction

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    In clinical trials, in order to understand the results of the trial we need to compare the risk of bad outcomes in patients receiving the intervention and those receiving the control. The most common methods used in expressing information about treatment options and risk reductions are absolute risk, absolute risk reduction, relative risk and relative risk reduction. Absolute risk reduction (ARR) or Risk difference (RD) is the most practical and useful method to interpret research results and…

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    between 1968 and 2011 [4]. More specifically, the decline in the mortality rate occurred in the late 1960s, where these changes were most evident in males and females aged 55-64 and 65-74 years, respectively [5]. Figures 3 and 4 (Page 2) show that the mortality rate in men aged 35-44 and 45-54 years declined at a decreasing rate, in contrast to older men, where the mortality rate had increased [5]. In women, however, the rate of overall decline had only been hindered in the 45-54 age category,…

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    Atrial Fibrillation (AF)

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    from clinical trials and absolute risks from epidemiologic studies will be used to estimate the attributable risks of warfarin use in a representative population of drug users. In this study we are going to estimate the attributable risks for both the beneficial and harmful effects of warfarin in nonalveolar AF. Attributable risk, is the part of the observed risk that occurs over a particular time period due to exposure. A benefit-risk simulation is going to be employed to estimate the net…

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    Health-Related Payouts

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    treatment after significant changes in payment. In the former article, the issue seems to be pay cuts as maternal mortality in Texas skyrockets after cuts to Planned Parenthood, however, the author offers another biologic explanation “…cardiac problems. The second leading cause: drug overdoses. Hemorrhages and blood transfusion were the biggest factors associated with severe complications.” The author mentions that the cases that lead to increasing maternal mortality were “bad,” cases where the…

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    According to graph, the survival curve of intervention group is above the survival curve of control group, which means, the higher rate of myocardial infarct in the control group. Thus, the intervention group has the better survival than control group.The hazard ratio is 0.57 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.87) Intervention the term intervention[T.Intervention] to the left of the results indicates that intervention=1 is the numerator of the hazard ratio. In this case, the hazard ratio is 0.57 which indicates…

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    clear data organization. The rational ratio is a good way to classify the data it is clear and easy to read. the population was a good amount. What are the weaknesses of the methods that were used? Be sure to consider the population, measurement and statistical methods. Although the relative risk is a good to interpret date but it limits the number of audience who are can comprehend this article. Not everyone has the ability to read the RR. The study Population decreases and is not…

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