Immanuel Wallerstein

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  • Development And Underdevelopment Theory

    and exchange” (132). In the 1960s, following the breakup of colonialism after WWII, the economist Andre Gunder Frank (1929-2005) contributed to the examination of the economic disparities and political economic disparities among “developed” and “underdeveloped” worlds, when he criticized modernization. In this he cast the global capitalist agenda as “sinister”, explaining that when dependent satellites of “developing” nation-states, as opposed to the “developed” Western world, come into contact, the Western world systematically extracts their goods and labour in exchange for much less. This “underdevelopment” was not a product, in his observations, of local conditions, but instead a result of progressive capitalist exploitation. Immanuel Wallerstein (b. 1930), continued the argument and is best known for his work centered on the globalizing character of capitalist economies in his well-known three volumes of The Modern World-System (1980); in which, he defined the historical emergence of a Euro-American “world-economy”, with Europe and America being the “bourgeois capitalist and ‘core’ nations” that “socially penetrated, politically subjugated, and economically exploited” the rest of the world, cast as the “proletarians in the ‘periphery’” (133). Further examination of the broader trends in and outside of academia (i.e. countercultural, anti-war, anti-colonial, gay and lesbian rights, and feminist movements) heralded an upheavel in anthropology, specifically sociocultural…

    Words: 1359 - Pages: 6
  • Peet And Hartwick: A Critique Of Development

    The word “development” has become a buzzword at this point in history. Its definition and intention has changed a lot over time. What development was intended to be has drastically changed for the worse of the countries it was intended to help, and for the better of the countries on top. In this reflection, I will discuss the creation of development theory, and a few critiques of development. The word first came around as a positive mode of action for all countries after World War II. The…

    Words: 1194 - Pages: 5
  • Pros And Cons Of Quasi-Monopolies

    subsidizes to the series of worldwide financial increase and immobility and the ever-changing of a country’s situation contained by a world-system (Scott and Edles, 2008: 764-765). Wallerstein finishes the discussion by captivating up the standardizing aspect of the world-system in the method of socialization and the custom of generalization and anti-generalization (Scott and Edles, 2008: 764-765). The significance of families as a standard ground for meeting people and implanting principles and…

    Words: 1034 - Pages: 5
  • Comparing Utilitarianism And Kant's Deontological Theory

    Utilitarianism and Kant’s deontological theory are both similar and conflicting in their own ways. The two proposals hold grounds that serve as foundational moral theories. Within utilitarianism, there is a way of quantifying pleasure and pain in order to apply the GHP. This group provides qualities of pleasure such as intensity, duration, certainty, and propinquity of pleasure. These qualities translate to how hard, how long, how reasonable, and how soon. Within ethical decision making these…

    Words: 1074 - Pages: 5
  • Immanuel Kant: The Most Influential Thinker Of Enlightenment Era

    “Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law.” Immanuel Kant is a German philosopher. Kant was known as the most influential thinker of Enlightenment era. Kant is one of the greatest western philosophers of all time. Immanuel Kant was most known for his Critique of Pure Reasoning work. Kant is also known for his work on epistemology, which is the theory of knowledge. Kant even did work on aesthetics and ethics, these had influenced many philosophers and contemporary…

    Words: 748 - Pages: 3
  • Freedom And Freedom: Immanuel Kant And Jean-Jacques Rousseau

    attributing morality to God. Two of the most influential philosophers of this period were Immanuel Kant and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. This essay will show how Kant’s perspective of freedom and morality was inspired by Rousseau and how the way in which Kant’s view of freedom relates to his idea of the moral law is due to his view of autonomy. To demonstrate how Kant’s notion of freedom is related to his view of the Moral Law I will outline…

    Words: 1129 - Pages: 5
  • Kant And Moral Nihilism

    They have many similarities and differences. The two philosophers are Aristotle and Immanuel Kant. When I compare and contrast these two philosophers you can see how they similar in their approaches to ethics because they both admire reason. But they also differ, the first main difference is that Aristotle creates a form of virtue ethics in which the highest goal is eudaimonia, while Kant, creates a deontological ethics in which the highest good is acting according to a sense of duty alone and…

    Words: 1047 - Pages: 5
  • Personal Framework Of Personal Ethics And Personal Moral Frameworks

    Personal ethics plays an important role in every aspect of our lives. From the great classical philosophers, such as Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle, to the more modern ones such as Immanuel Kant, philosophical ideologies have attempted to answer moral dilemmas such as right and wrong or good and evil for millennia. In this paper, I will discuss and share my personal ethical framework and how that framework applies to my personal and professional responsibilities. Theories Aligned with Personal…

    Words: 1340 - Pages: 6
  • Emanuel Kant's Definition Of Free Will

    In Emanuel Kant’s Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals, he provides his readers with the definition of free will. Moreover, from his definition of free will, Kant will attempt to prove that free will is the equivalence of following the set of moral laws that you would want everyone else to pursue. In this paper, we will focus on Kant’s concept of a free will, and the inferences he makes in order to prove his conclusion that free will is equivalent to following moral laws as long as the moral…

    Words: 980 - Pages: 4
  • Utilitarianism: Jeremy Bentham And John Stuart Mill

    brings the most happiness to the most people. Utilitarianism is a form of consequentialism because it is based on whether an action is morally justified by its consequences. Bentham and Mill differ in that Bentham reasoned that pleasure was measurable using hedons, units of pleasure, where actions with the highest score were the best action. Instead of Bentham’s quantitative measurement, Mill emphasized the quality of happiness over the quantity. "It is better to be a human being…

    Words: 728 - Pages: 3
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