Deep structure

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    model may be more acceptable than Bernstein’s. I now will explore a connection between Schenker and Bernstein that may be correct, and Keiler’s views on both of their perspectives. Schenker uses the idea of a background structure that is transformed to create a foreground, or surface structure. He bases this progression off of a natural life order, claiming this “inner law of origin accompanies all development”, be it a person, a group, or any life (Schenker, 3). All these things progress from origin to development to the present, hence, background, middleground, and foreground. In “Syntax of Prolongation”, Keiler draws ties between Schenker’s theoretical structure and linguistics’ deep versus surface structure (Keiler, 6). He describes Schenker’s Ursatz as abstract, made pronouncable through elaborations. Keiler made a similar comparison in his critique of Bernstein, when he clarified the distinction between deep and surface structure that underlies syntactic analysis. Keiler walks through a linguistic example where he presents two apparently similar surface structures whose inherent difference is explained in their deep structures. Thus, Keiler supports Schenker’s background to foreground theory with a similar movement between deep structures to surface structures in linguistics. He then applies this process to more than just syntax—Keiler outlines a similar motion in the phonological aspect of language. Keiler writes that the phonological component is interpretive. It…

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    In both the Eames and Farnsworth houses, their forms are a direct result of the function of the structures. As well, they are both built with repetitive conditions and similar materials. Dissimilarly, they relate to their surroundings in different ways, and though Mies and the Eames’ built their houses using similar materials, the way in which they used the materials in their structures differs. And tectonics and material expression prove to still be relevant in Be Baumschlager Eberle’s…

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    In Chapter Five: “Public Management: The Structural Dimension” (pp.137-190) of Public Management: A Three-Dimensional Approach, Laurence Lynn and Carolyn Hill (2009) have gone deep into the understanding of the structural dimension of public management. The most prominent topics in relation to the focus of the book that have been discussed in this chapter include the section of defining the concept of structure. There is also a topic on evolution of the structural perspective that focuses on the…

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    from the lab’s introduction provided me with the beginnings of insight into the areas of distress within my community and their deep roots in history. Furthermore, the knowledge of higher social structures provided me with insight into the role of diversity, inclusion, power, and privilege that affect my community. The lab’s focus on community based learning therefore provided me with the knowledge to most affectively address such issues as a Community-Based Research Scholar. One of the most…

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    Level Of Trust Case Study

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    In the past, high-leveled hierarchical structure was popular for companies as it increased effectiveness when the economy was booming with mass production. (REF) Yet, it is defined as ‘rigid, tight’ and power is centralised in the hand of executives. (Ambrose and Schminke, 2003). However, nowadays, since trust is believed to be one of the main factors that boost the company’s performance (Kolajic and Rodojcic, 2011:28), organisations are flattening their structures (REF). ‘Trust’ has a broad…

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    Hierarchy Vs Hierarchy

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    contrary to that of heterarchial structure. As stated by Dam and Marcus (2007), the organisations that follow this hierarchical rule are the tall structures and the flow of communication is vertical in nature in these organisations. There are several managerial levels in this form of structure along with clear lines of commands at the same time. The employees need to follow the…

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    Pixar Business Model

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    There are two different structures in which a large company such as Pixar can be organized in; Traditional and or a Contemporary business structure. Pixar is a contemporarily organized company; meaning that while the company still has a CEO and senior officers; the employees of whom do not have an official rank in the company still have major role to play in how their company functions. This differs from a traditional business structure in which you have officers and CEOs as well a rigid…

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    are balanced and symmetrical. Looking at Figure 12 spatially the plan is organized through the geometry. The geometry organizes the elevation, creates repetition and rhythm (see Figure 13). Plan is important in design for the B2 house, plan builds the relationship among section, elevation, symmetry, balance. The plan is open, creating a sense of relaxation and peace (see Figure 14). Circulation is linear, (see Figure 15) the vertical planes frame out the building and create the essential…

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    Administration Discretion Public administration in itself is a structure. A structure of many different administrative organizations working to carry out the orders/laws of the government. As with many structures, elements of it have to work or fit a certain way for it to be stable or function properly. There is also a structural plan (laws/rules) that must be followed in order for the structure to be safe and effective (run smoothly). On the other hand, although most structures can usually…

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    There is several Key Organization Principles design especially for law enforcement procedures that make up the organization layout and daily functions: chain of command; unity of command; the span of control; grouping like functions; concepts of authority, responsibility, and accountability. Most of the police departments in modern day society are a draft from a hierarchical military organization. (May, 2014) This form is referred to as the scalar principle formulated as a body of a mechanism…

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