Charles II of England

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    Introduction William Penn greatly explored the ‘New World’ of Pennsylvania, encountered the people of his new land, and exchanged peace, hope, equal rights, and brotherly love with the newcomers to his “Holy Experiment.” Before he did this though, he did many things back in the European countries. He had many failures but soon was successful in his own ways. Penn got his huge area of the ‘New World’ because King Charles II was in debt to Penn’s recently deceased father. To repay this debt, King Charles II gave Penn a charter to begin a colony in the huge chunk of the ‘New World’ that he had also just given him. After beginning his new colony, many settlers came from many countries in Europe including Scotland, England, France, Sweden and Ireland. His colony soon became known as the “Holy Experiment.” Any race and religion could settle here without being persecuted or enslaved. Penn believed that race, religion, and gender should not change their rights as a human. Everybody in his colony had equal rights and had peace between each other.…

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    King Charles I

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    INTRODUCTION Charles II was a king of England, Scotland, and Ireland whose restoration to the throne in 1660, marked the end of republican rule in England. He was asked by Parliament to rule England after the death of Oliver Cromwell. Charles was known for his cavorting lifestyle and feuds with Parliament. Early Life Charles was born May 29, 1630. He is the second son of Charles I and Henrietta Marie of France. In 1642, civil war broke out between Parliament and Charles I over his claim of…

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    Charles II (1630-1685) was King of England, Scotland and Ireland between 1660 and 1685. He was the son of the executed king Charles I. Charles I lost the second civil war, between the ‘royals’ and the long parliament. The leader of the parliament, in the civil war, was Oliver Cromwell. So, he came in power short after the execution of Charles the I. Cromwell dismantled the pulicchurch and he chose a strict and sober new course. For example, theathers were forbidden and adultery was punishable by…

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    Charles II (29 May 1630 – 6 February 1685)[c] was monarch of the three kingdoms of England, Scotland, and Ireland. Charles II's father, Charles I, was executed at Whitehall on 30 January 1649, at the climax of the English Civil War. Although the Parliament of Scotland proclaimed Charles II King on 5 February 1649, England entered the period known as the English Interregnum or the English Commonwealth, and the country was a de facto republic, led by Oliver Cromwell. Cromwell defeated Charles II…

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    Throughout the 1600s England was very chaotic state. Absolutism was challenged and the people questioned who should lead the nation. During this period, Absolutism was prominent in Europe and the king practically said and did whatever they wanted. This caused problems when King Charles I came into power in 1625 after his father’s death. The problems came from the fact that he struggled to control Parliament and would thus defy them by doing things such as taxing the people without consulting…

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    St Pauls Cathedral Fire

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    Tuesday saw the greatest destruction. The fire storm fanned by easterly gale force winds, jumped fire breaks and continued onward to the west. It destroyed the Dukes command post at Temple Bar and destroyed the luxury shopping street of Cheapside. The greatest loss on this day was St. Pauls Cathedral. Most people thought the churches thick stone walls and the natural fire break of an empty surrounding plaza would protect it from the fire. However the church was undergoing restoration by…

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    The failures of Oliver Cromwell brought a relapse of the Stuart dynasty, of what he had once tried to eliminate. Even though he ended the rule of Charles I of England, in the end his strict governing led to the rebellion of the English people against him. This led to Charles II, Charles I’s son, to rule, in a way, relapsing his father’s rule. Oliver Cromwell’s main purpose of the disposal of the king Charles I was he was ruling England as a absolutist; although, that is what Oliver Cromwell…

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    magistracy and the administration of the government [...as] Lord Protector [...] the Lord Protector, the Parliament sitting, shall dispose and order the militia and forces” (Doc. 5). The statements of the constitution counteracted the parts of Stuart rule believed to be ineffective that made England unhappy, reflecting a new understanding in the control and balance of power. It reinforced the legislative rule of Parliament, which had been ignored in Stuart rule. It also established a ruler…

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    During the Civil War, in which Charles’ execution occurred in the middle of, there was no formal King, as the king had been killed and the heir was in exile. Oliver Cromwell, a political and military leader, came to power as the ruler of England during this time. During the civil war, he lead the New Model Army, made up of “Independents” who were to fight against the Presbyterians in Parliament and in Scotland. The New Model Army won and purged Parliament of all of it’s members that did not…

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    In the later portion of the 1600’s, the monarchical systems of both England and France were changing. England strayed away from an absolute monarch and ran toward a mightier parliament instead. The opposite was occurring in France as Louis XIV strengthened his own office while weakening the general assembly of France, the Estates General. Absolutism, the political situation in which a monarch controls makes all political, social, economic, and cultural decisions in a government without checks or…

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