Charles II of Spain

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    (Austria) in The War of Spanish Succession. Moreover, the desire to attain Spain would lead to an global war, where a myriad of nations each beholding their own motives, endeavored to either restore the quasi-peace that Europe had possessed, or plummet into another…

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    Historically, Gibraltar has not always been a British Territory. In 1704, The Grand Alliance ( made up of England, Austria, the Holy Roman Empire, and other smaller European nations) captured Gibraltar during the War of Spanish Succession. The War of Spanish Succession decided who would become the newest King of Spain after Charles II died without an heir. Spain and France backed King Louis XIV of France’s grandson, Philip, to take over as king. The rest of Europe’s royalty was mainly from the…

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    Religious War Summary

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    religious wars Matthew Bauchert RENEWED RELIGIOUS STRUGGLE PG 390 -392 • Peace of Augsburg – legal Lutheranism in HRE but not Calvinists and Anabaptists • After council of Trent-Jesuits launch global counter-offensive against Protestantism • Intellectuals preach tolerance before politicians • Castellio comments of killing of Servetus by calvin • Politiques- rulers who urged tolerance, moderation, and compromise • Catholics and Protestants struggle for control of France, Netherlands and…

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    Philip was a Catholic and the Dutch was protestant and the Dutch resisted not only the new taxation, and the Spanish way of adminaration . A war began and national identity developed in the Netherlands during this war. In 1581, the Union of Utrecht proclaimed independence from Spain but finally in 1648 the Spanish recognized the independence. Despite all the war destructions and hardships, the Dutch started to rise. They were good sailors and traders, setting up trading links everywhere. The…

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    Above and Below the Law The Tyrannicide Brief, by Geoffrey Robertson is nothing short of compelling. The audience is guided through the legal process, which lead to Charles I’s execution. Robertson’s assiduity in research is highly visible in The Tyrannicide Brief. Readers are not only presented with facts, but taken on a journey that is more than exceptional. Robertson manages to combine law, politics, and social history in one story. Robertson thoroughly brings to life the story of John Cooke.…

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    would receive a number of Indians, from whom they could sell for gold or labor”(gilderlehrman). This system did not work adequately because the encomendores took advantage of the Indians and would take their lands, instead of protecting them and converting them. “In 1518 King Charles allowed direct imports from Africa and by nearly the end of the 16th century 75,000-90,000 enslaved Africans were in Spanish…

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    In 1588, off the coast of Grave-lines, France, Spain’s so-called “insuperable Armada” was defeated by the English soldiers under the command of Lord Charles Howard and Sir Francis Drake. Their main aim was to overthrow Queen Elizabeth1 of England and the Tudor establishment of Protestantism in England. After fighting for almost eight hours, a change in wind direction forced the Spanish to retreat from the battle and sailed toward the North Sea. The Spanish Armada had hoped to win the…

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    Essay #6 The glorious revolution began with the accession to the throne by James II, after the death of his brother, Charles II, in February 1685. This was possible due to the Tories having power in parliament, who were pro-Great Chain of being which allowed for James to get his ‘inheritance’. Although, once James sat upon the throne rebellion broke out led by Charles II favorite male bastard, Duke of Monmouth. The rebellion was put down fast since James had armed troops and the Duke had…

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    Bruce died the following year and an English invasion crowned Balliol’s son causing Bruce’s son David II to flee to France. Resistance pushed the invaders back allowing for David II to return to Scotland and become the King of Scots. Simultaneously England was at war with France and with negotiations England regarded David II the King of Scots. However the boarders of Scotland were a war zone and the maintenance of Scottish Independence created a common sense of nationhood. The language of…

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    which they won. These people have a reason to be so happy. These celebrations are specifically for Protestants who won at the Battle of the Boyne. This is known as the Twelfth, or Orangemen’s Day, which is celebrated on July 12th. Orangemen’s Day is an annual celebration. Schools and businesses are closed so students and employees can take the day off. The Protestants of Ireland come together to celebrate William of Orange, the Protestant prince of the Netherlands and the King of England, and…

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