Butler Act

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  • John Scopes Research Paper

    James H. Leuba, were blaming Darwinian theories for students losing faith in God. Some books, like Headquarters Nights, by Vernon Kellogg, and The Science of Power, by Benjamin Kidd, even went so far as to implicate Darwinian theory as the cause of World War I . The anti-evolution movement made headway in some of the southern state’s legislature. In 1924 William J. Bryan was invited to speak in Nashville, Tennessee. Bryans speech against evolution was well received by those in attendance, and shared with many members of Tennessee legislators. January of 1925 John Washington Butler introduced an anti-evolution bill in the Tennessee Senate. The bill prohibited the teaching of evolution, or any theory that denied Divine Creation or implied that man has descended from a lower order of animals, in all schools that receive some, or part of their funds from the state. After much debate in the senate, the Butler Act was signed into law by Governor Austin Peay on the 21st day of March 1925. The American Civil Liberties Union had been monitoring the anti-evolution movement and decided Tennessee could provide a good test case. The ACLU advertised in the Tennessee newspapers that they would defend any person willing to teach evolution to test the law . . George Rappleyea saw one of the ACLU advertisements and, knowing of John T. Scopes interest in Darwin’s work, hatched a plan to bring publicity to the little town of Dayton, Tennessee. Rappleyea and local drugstore owner F.E. Robinson…

    Words: 1851 - Pages: 8
  • The Effects Of The Scopes Monkey Trial

    The Scopes trial was the case against John Scopes, a biology teacher in Dayton Tennessee. Scopes was charged for defying Tennessee's newly placed Butler Act. This case is what catapulted the dispute of creationism versus evolution and how it should be taught in schools. The outcome of this 1925 trial affected the rest of the 19th century extensively, however as the 20th century neared, the effect became less prevalent. John Scopes was a local biology teacher and was arrested for teaching…

    Words: 1640 - Pages: 7
  • The Butler Law: John T. Scopes Trial

    The Scopes Trial took place in 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee. A group of teachers decided to test a law called the Butler Law. The Butler law made it illegal to teach the theory of evolution and instead mandated the biblical interpretation of creationism. The teachers felt that academic freedom and integrity as well as separation of church and state was at stake. Twenty four year old science teacher and football coach John T. Scopes would teach the class. Knowing he would be arrested Scopes taught…

    Words: 363 - Pages: 2
  • Scopes Monkey Trial Research Paper

    the two is known as the Scopes Monkey Trial. Where a key question sprouted in its aftermath: should creationism be taught in schools? The answer should be a universal yes, but many do not believe so. The Scopes Monkey trial took place in the summer of 1925 in Dayton, Tennessee. It was “seen as a struggle between science and religion, between modern and traditional, between superstition and reason” (Conn, 2010). John Scopes, a young high school substitute teacher was brought to trial for…

    Words: 1035 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of The Film Inherit The Wind

    They immediately arrest him and take him to jail.1• Throughout the development of the film, Cates is kept in jail the entire time emphasizing the severity of his act. It also shows his isolation in the matter where he is forced to separate from the rest of his society because of his views and beliefs. After Cates is arrested, a scene with numerous men of high authority gather to reflect on the laws put in place and how this negatively affects the town’s reputation. On one side of the spectrum…

    Words: 1336 - Pages: 6
  • John Scopes: The Battle Over America's Soul

    Scopes: The Battle over America’s Soul The battle between science and nature seems to be one that is never ending. One of the times when this battle came to a head was in 1925 when a trial occurred over whether evolution was okay to be taught in school. In Tennessee, the practice was outlawed, but when a teacher in Dayton Ohio was coerced into using a textbook that contained evolution, the debate became one of major national attention. John Scopes, a twenty-four year old math and science…

    Words: 1255 - Pages: 6
  • Individualism And Individuality In The 1920s

    The 1920’s were a time when American culture exploded and ultimately transformed America from a young country to a world power. The American values of individualism and democracy were neither completely enhanced or diminished by modernity because while many strides were made to improve these qualities, the pre-World War I sentiment of reform was destroyed. All of the destruction caused by World War I scared the American people enough to halt the era of reformation and actually did diminish…

    Words: 1123 - Pages: 5
  • John Scopes Trial Analysis

    In 1925, the Scopes Trial occurred because John Scopes, a high school teacher, was accused of breaking Tennessee’s law against the teaching of evolution in public schools. The prosecution welcomed William Jennings Bryan to take part in the trial, while the defense chose Clarence Darrow on their team. Bryan was a firm religious fundamentalist, however encouraged the indictment to battle its fight on sacred grounds. Bryan trusted that groups were legitimized in setting educational principles…

    Words: 520 - Pages: 3
  • American Culture In The 1920s

    During the 1920s, many events had taken place that have impacted American culture to this day. Some of these events include: the 1925 Scopes Trial, women’s suffrage and behavior, and the American film industry, too. The Scopes Trial brought about debates on evolution in schools, women’s rights are becoming more equal to those of men, and a revolution has begun in the American film industry. All of these events have had a lingering effect on how the American culture is today, and without them,…

    Words: 1196 - Pages: 5
  • Analysis Of Judith Butler's Theory In Gender Trouble Of Gender Advertisement

    The 1965 Barbie advertisement supports Judith Butler’s theory in Gender Trouble of gender performativity. In the performativity of women, certain actions associated with femininity have been repeated to form a concrete idea of what a true woman is. Butler supports this idea with the statement that the “expectation produces the very phenomenon that it anticipates” (Butler xv), meaning that the constant pressure for women of all ages to be feminine, demure, and motherly creates the idea that there…

    Words: 1123 - Pages: 5
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