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    The Algae Bloom Process

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    3. Algae bloom process the microbes involved in Algae are a diverse group of photosynthetic microorganisms, which vary from small, single-celled microbes to complex multicellular forms. Though algae bloom is considered as natural phenomena, but nutrient pollution can increase their frequency, duration and intensity. After getting adequate nutrition, the algae can grow rapidly in warm and slow moving water. The rapid increase in number causes the bloom to turn water noticeably green, but other colours can also be observed. The gelatinous coating of some algae helps it to float in water by allowing cells to stick together. Some algae form thick mats to float on the surface. Lake Erie also has a rich diversity of benthic algae. Figure 2: Algae…

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    Algae Biofuel

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    called algae biofuel. Algae biofuel is a fuel just like gasoline or diesel, but instead of being mined from the ground causing irreparable damage, it is grown in a pond and actually has positive side effects on the environment. Algae Biomass Organization states, “Algae-derived biofuel can reduce life cycle CO2 emissions by 50 to 70 percent compared to petroleum fuels.” Algae biofuel could be one of the solutions to our polluted atmosphere. Algae is special because it can actually clean the…

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    Global warming has many effects on the world, but it especially has an impact on the ocean. Global temperature rise can affect many ecosystems, and the species within them. Coral Reefs Coral reefs are valuable resources for ocean life. Coral and algae have a symbiotic relationship, with the algae living in the coral and being the primary food source for the coral. As a consequence, this symbiotic relationship provides habitats for small fish and plants due to the abundance of food found in the…

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    Two reasons why coral reefs are being threatened worldwide are because of tourists, who cause sewage to pollute the ocean and give nutrients to algae, step on corals, and destroy coral reefs with their boat anchors; overfishing causes the mass killing of sea urchins, which feed on algae, thus algae takes over the coral reefs and stunts their growth. B. The process of coral bleaching is when ocean temperatures become too warm, and the algae discharged from the coral causes the coral to begin a…

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    Hemigraspus Sanguineatus

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    Individuals were measured based on carapace width (CW), then placed into covered plastic aquaria containing about 0.5L of seawater at a salinity of 20psu. Each crab was used only once in an experiment. Algae, Ulva spp. and fucus distichus, were used as prey in each set up, except the control group which was made up of on the algae. Two Littorina littorea or periwinkle snails were used per experimental design. Their heights were recorded for each set up and it ranged between 9-12mm. Four…

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    coral reef bleaches and decrease What is a white part of corals? It is a bone. When algae which corals have are lost we can see bones through corals’ transparent tissue. Stresses cause coral bleaching ―high or low temperature of seawater, strong light, ultraviolet rays, low density of salt, and so on. They prevent algae from photosynthesizing and a surplus of sunlight energy injures algae more. The effect is dying of algae, and corals die too because they get nutrients from algae. Anyway,…

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    Microcystis Lab Report

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    Is the Growth of Microcystis and Lake Water Protists Affected by Phosphorus Concentration? _______________________________________ Purpose The purpose of this experiment is to determine if algae will grow more if fertilizer is added to the water where the algae is growing. Background/ Introduction An algal bloom is an increase and accumulation of algae in freshwater or salt water systems. Most algae blooms are caused by blue-green algae. Blue-green algae is actually not algae at all, it is…

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    Algae contribute to about half of all oxygen production(Chapman, 2013). They are photosynthetic, meaning that they produce their own food from sunlight, water, and nutrients, and are usually found in any water habitat(Smithsonian, 2016). The fact that algae produce oxygen is important because dissolved oxygen is very important to the health about of a water body(Water properties: dissolved oxygen, 2016). Human activity runoff is a major source of water pollution(Runoff, 2016). Runoff can pick up…

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    Anthozoans: Coral Reefs

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    This is through a process of slow deposition and accumulation of limestone removed from seawater. Stony corals and coralline red algae grow among the coral colonies. Limestone is used for the outer part of coral polyps and hardening the fleshy parts of the coralline algae. After organisms die, they leave the limestone skeletons. The reef-building process is very slow, it takes decades to centuries. Coral reefs start to form when coral larvae attach to hard surfaces such as submerged rock along…

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    (4) The East Australian Current keeps the temperature in the region of the great barrier reef in this range as seen in the **picture**. This allows the coral in the Great Barrier Reef to thrive like none other. Corals are very sensitive to temperature and if the temperature increase then the zooxanthellae leaves their tissues making the coral unable to produce food on it's own, thus killing it. (5) If the temperature drops then a symbiotic algae present in the coral that helps it to get food…

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