The Odyssey Essay

  • The Odyssey Essay

    Essential to the passage, the extensive imagery and repeated motifs support the underling theme of the extract. Percolating with grotesque imagery unlike any other in ‘The Odyssey’, it serves to underlie the affect of cunning and intelligence over strength. A gargantuan barbarian “[dribbling] streams of liquor and bits of men” (405), Polyphemus’ cannibalism and dominance over his prisoners is clearly outlined. But then when blinded, immense accompanying graphic imagery such as: “Eyelid and

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  • Fate and Destiny in the Aeneid and the Odyssey

    attempts to leave before anyone will know they are gone, but he is caught and explains to Dido, “My quest to Italy is not of my own motion.” (Virgil, Book 4, line 391-392) With this Aeneus leaves Carthage driven by duty and obligation. In Homer’s Odyssey, the idea of fate is more significant than the idea and sense of duty. Odysseus’s journey begins when Poseidon learns that Odysseus blinded his Cyclops son, Polyphemous while trying to escape from his capture. This enrages the already hot-tempered

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  • The Art of Storytelling in The Odyssey Essay

    person faces each day, whether it be morally, emotionally, mentally, or physically. It acts as a bridge by which a reader can connect to a good story and resonate with its truths in hardship. Another element of good story-telling found within The Odyssey is a constant battle between good and evil. It often seems like life is solely a battle between right and wrong. Homer demonstrates this connection in his story by maintaining a constant foreplay of good versus evil, hero versus villain. Everyone

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  • Women of Gilgamesh and the Odyssey

    Amanda Stubbins-Helms July 23, 2013 GPS 210: Critical Essay The Roles of Women in Gilgamesh and The Odyssey Although men are the Epic characters of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey, women also play a very important role in both stories. In general, these two stories portray women as being overly sexual, deceptive, and having a power over men. Women use their sexuality to hold control over men, to confuse and deceive them. One example of a female character using her sexuality to control a male character

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  • Odyssey Hospitality Essay

    receive his punishment for the way he treated his guests. Since Polyphemus did not treat Odysseys and his men well, Odysseys wanted his revenge. They seized their "...stake with its fiery tip and bored it round and round in the giant's eye till blood came boiling up around the smoking shaft and the hot blast singed his brow and the eyelids round the core and the broiling eyeball burst." (IV, 433-437) Odysseys got revenge on another group of men that weren't very hospitable to him, not even in his

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  • Essay on Role of Women in Homer's Odyssey

    The influential feminine strain in the Odyssey also has important effects upon the whole flavor of the poem. Many other early epics are characterized by coldness, morbidity, and brutality, caused by the subjects with which they deal. The virtues, such as courage and martial prowess, which are seen in the Iliad are impressive, but they are undistinguished and limited, for they exist in a world of mas-culine competition and warfare. It is only in the Odyssey, among early Greek works, that such familiar

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  • The Importance of Book Xi to the Odyssey

    character. In Book XI, Homer reinforces major themes that repeat through the rest of the story that show Odysseus he can get home using the ideas seen throughout the text. Hospitality is a theme in Book XI that occurs in many of the other books of The Odyssey. The soldiers give hospitality toward Hades and Persephone though their sacrifices so that Odysseus can visit the Underworld. This is an example of irony in the book because the reason that Odysseus and his men are in this situation is because they

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  • Loyalty in the odyssey Essay example

    Odysseus never disobeyed what the gods ordered him to do. The ability to be so obedient proved his loyalty to the gods who already had his future determined. In the end his loyalty enabled him to return back to his homeland of Ithaca. In The Odyssey, loyalty is an important theme that has an effect on the entire epic novel. Homer was able to show that loyalty by presenting it with many different characters. Penelope’s loyalty was established through true love. Telemachus showed his loyalty by

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  • The Role of Penelope in The Odyssey Essay

    woman must realize. Nausikaa directs Odysseus to the city but recommends that he goes by himself to avoid the scandal that might arise if she were seen bringing in a male stranger. It is Precisely this the best reputation which is presented in the Odyssey as the most valued goal in life. Penelope's responsibility is to develop and maintain the best reputation. As wife she must preserve the reputation of her husband, her family, and must maintain the system of the household. As a woman she must arise

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  • Athena, and the Role of Women in the Odyssey Essay

    disguise, and also in his dreams. Athena is a Goddess that is confident, practical, intelligent, and very crafty. She is a master of disguise, which is very important in Odysseus' world. These characteristic make her such an important character in "The Odyssey." It's clear to see that she is the major reason that Odysseus was able to return home safely. Athena is a Goddess with a lot of power over mortals, but Zeus has the power over the Gods and Goddess. He is the chief and he makes very imperative

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  • Concealment and Disguises in Homer's Odyssey Essay

    to note that these figures are also nurtured in the symbolic cave. Therefore if the spiritual power of light cannot overcome the cave, it is devoured and destroyed; the womb becomes tomb (Seigneuret 327). A vivid incident of this account in The Odyssey was at Polyphemus' Cave (Homer Book IX Line 287-295). In this episode, Polyphemus eats Odysseus' men.  The interpretation of this is that obviously these men were born in a home, which is a parallel to a birthplace cave (womb), but were killed

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  • The Art of Manipulation in Homer's Odyssey Essay

    that deserved great wealth. His tale finished, the audience sat "held in the spell of his words" until King Alcinous suggested that each man at his table hearing Odysseus's account lavish even more gifts upon him (193).  It is an astute man, The Odyssey teaches, who can take the very means of his discontent and sorrow, and profit from it. Through his manipulation of words and people, Odysseus went from being a brine-covered, naked suppliant with no identity to the most legendary of heroes clothed

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  • Essay on Character Analysis of The Odyssey by Homer

    before himself, and thus saves them. He put his men first before himself, thus saving them, a responsible and creative endeavor. Revenge is a dish best served cold, or so they say, and Odysseus leaves nothing to chance during the finale of the Odyssey. When Odysseus confronts his wife's would-be suitors, he takes matters into his own hands and portrays justice. Instead of letting anyone leave, he decides to turn the dinner party into a full out massacre. His son Telemachus removes all the weapons

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  • Character Analysis on Odysseus from Odyssey by Homer Essay

    see, he can only hear and feel, well polyphemus only feels the sheep, he isn’t going to think about feeling underneath the sheep to find odysseus and his men. The finally get out of the polyphemus. Odysseus is very wise through out the story The Odyssey and these were some examples of showing that. The next characteristic that describes odysseus is determined. Through out the story he shows that he is determined by disguising himself as a beggar to make everyone think that he is worthless and test

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  • An Analysis of Loyalty in Homer’s Odyssey Essay examples

    of hubris and dishonor angers Poseidon who then curses Odysseus, sending storms and contrary winds to hinder his path. Although the loyalty men held towards the Gods play an important role in the Odyssey, it is the loyalty between mortals that leave the most impact. Loyalty, as defined by The Odyssey, can be characterized by an event occurring towards the end of the poem when Odysseus finally returns to Ithaca. Upon his return, Odysseus noticed a dog asleep in the street that ‘raised his head and

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  • Essay herody Odysseus as Epic Hero of Homer's Odyssey

    strength and many more attributes that exceed those of humans, need a way to connect with their audience through a common characteristic and emotion is a quality everyone can relate to.     Odysseus takes on the roll of the leader in The Odyssey by always knowing what needs to be done and carrying out whatever that may be. Odysseus and his men are trapped in the Cyclops' cave by a slab of solid rock and the only one who can move the stone is blind and doesn't want Odysseus and his men

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  • Life of Pi vs The Odyssey Comparative Essay

    Two Extraordinary Journeys Life standed on the sea is very grueling and risky. Only a few are able to face the challenging tasks of such a situation using their wits and persistence. In the book Life Of Pi and the film The Odyssey, the journeys of the main characters are surprisingly parallel, considering the works were written over 20 centuries apart. Both of their journeys contain stages similar to the archetypal hero journey, including the Separation/Departure, Initiation and The Return.

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  • Essay about Odyssey and O Brother, Where Art Thou Compared

    attempt to blind the creature offers a distraction for each character to escape from the Cyclops. Secondly, each story contains a similar perspective of the Lotus Easters. When you eat the intoxicating fruit of the lotus, as described in the Odyssey, the thought of home, purpose of voyage, and memories of the past are no longer important. Odysseus and his men arrive at the land of the Lotus-Eaters and become addicted and drawn to the fruit. They are so leered to the fruit, that it becomes a

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  • Buy Essays Online: Flaws of Society and Man Revealed in Odyssey

    sons of men on earth"(67).  Since the crew was experiencing intense suspicion of Odysseus, they were forced to violate their trust, and go against his word about not touching the bag of winds.            Another flaw that Homer addressed in the Odyssey was how man survived on the misfortune of others.  Usually throughout the book, when man is faced with a larger challenge, man uses

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  • The Odyssey Essay

    After Odysseus and his twelve best men first talked to the Cyclops, two men were devoured by this beast just because he was hungry. This may have shaken up his remaining men, but Odysseus wouldn't let his crew turn and run. Instead, he devised a plan to get what they had wanted, the Cyclops' rams, which were fat with heavy fleeces. The plan included making the Cyclops drunk, blinding him by driving a pointed six foot pole through his lone eye, and hiding beneath the rams to avoid any confrontations

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  • The Odyssey Thesis Paper

    Odysseus is so self-glorified is he even tempts Poseidon by saying that he does not need the gods and that he only needs himself. If Odysseus never did this he would have gotten home without having to make the long journey which is told in “The Odyssey”. But since Odysseus thinks he does not need the gods it forced him to face many dangers and to lose his crew. His wife has been forced to wait several years because of Odysseus’s insolence. Another example is when Odysseus goes back to Ithaca

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  • Homer’s Odyssey and the Odyssey of Our Lives Essay

    Achilles’ fate was chosen when he decided to go after and kill Hector. He knew that he would die, and yet he did not fear it. Odysseus has to remember that heroism isn’t the only factor important in life, but intellect is a major one also.     Odysseus’ intellect also includes guile, a key factor in his journey. Odysseus not only uses his cleverness at the expense of enemies, but he also uses it as a way of amusing himself. Odysseus tells the cyclops Polyphemus that his name is Noman. Once the

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  • Essay on Oedipus and the Odyssey

    alongside their husbands.         Finally, both epic poems practice the usage of dramatic irony. Dramatic irony is irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play. In The Odyssey, the audience and gods knew the whereabouts of Odysseus and knew what was expected of him in the future while he and the whole city of Ithaca did not In Oedipus the King,

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  • Greek Hospitality in the Odyssey Essay

    There is nothing worse than having a host with negative hospitality. Negative hosts are unkind to their guests, or may refuse to host a stranger altogether. In The Odyssey, the following is an account in which Odysseus and his men are not shown positive hospitality. This was the encounter of the Cyclops, Polyphemus. After Odysseus asks for positive hospitality, and reminds Polyphemus that guests are sacred to Zeus, Polyphemus replies: “Stranger, you must be a fool, or must have come from very far

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  • Role of Gods in the Odyssey Essay

    leave. In this case, his journey home is just as prevented by gods, as the gods permits it. Throughout the novel, the characters attempt to flatter the gods. The characters understand that their lives depend on the mercy of the gods. In the Odyssey the gods played a vital role to the plot of the story.  Throughout Odysseus’s amazing travels, it’s the hope of seeing Penelope and his son Telemachus that often brings him the courage and strength to succeed.  Without the help of Athena, and her

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  • The Odyssey, by Homer Essay

    Even if there are people in the world who say he will come back. No, the day of his return will never dawn” (Homer: 15). His son, Telemachus has given up hope that Odysseus will ever return home. Odysseus’ quest is to return to his kingdom, which demonstrates the second phase. Odysseus is “...alone, longing to get home to his wife” (Homer: 11). He leaves Ithaca unwillingly knowing that he will have to face many unprecedented dangers and wants to remain in Ithaca, the one safe place that has no real

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  • Essay on Odyssey and Odysseus Outstanding Qualities

    7.What does the dramatic climax of Odyssey take place?Is this before or after reunion of Odysseus and Penelope?Why? =In my understanding each book contais different dramatic climax but for me I have some examples of it like when he finally reveals that he isn't a beggar like Athena disguised him to be but rather Odysseus that has returned.The day that he killed all the suitors.The day that all his men died and so many more.  8.Who is Odysseus’s enemy and why? =I  believe it was indeed Poseidon

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  • The Odyssey Essay

    Odysseus goes to save his men when Hermes, the messenger god, intervenes again and approaches Odysseus as a young man. He tells Odysseus to eat an herb that will protect him from Circe’s drug. Odysseus saves his men and forces her to change them back to humans. Odysseus is very lucky to have Hermes and Athena on his side because they help him out tremendously throughout this poem. This shows that if you are a mortal and have a good relationship with a god, such as Hermes and Athena, you are guaranteed

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  • Odyssey Essay

    In addition, Odysseus lands in Phaecia where Nausicaa states, “A husband he will be, her very own... and he will keep her forever.” (Homer 77) This shows that once again Odysseus shows immaturity in his actions. This also shows that the encounter with Nausicaa could be another turning point of Odysseus’ homecoming, just as modern day people make everyday choices towards their homecoming. For the reasons above, not only can the lessons of Odysseus’s surrogate wives relate to modern day life, the

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  • Redemtive Vilonce in the Odyssey by Homer Essay

    Central to this version of the myth is the suppression of powerful females, and their bodies are laid out to create the cosmos in some cases. The Odyssey provides a classic example: Circe, a powerful temptress, is subdued by Odysseus’s threat of violence, therefore placing Odysseus socially above her. Throughout the book Odysseus is faced with endless hardships. He is thrown through massive and relentless life threatening ordeals. He then comes home and finds that he must compete for his wife

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  • The Odyssey and Madea Essay

    Evidently, her trust in Jason is greater than her trust in her family. Whatever personal associations Medea had with her family are now attached to Jason. Even so, Medea immediately regrets putting so much trust and comfort into Jason after he leaves her to marry the princess of Corinth. O country and home, Never, never may I be without you… O let him die ungraced… Who cannot open an honest mind No friend will he be of mine. Like Odysseus, Medea attempts to make her home in a foreign

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  • Analysis of Telemachus in Odyssey Essay

    Not until Athena, disguised as Mentes, shows up, convincing him Odysseus is still alive and propelling him to sail out for his father’s news does Telemachus begins to starts taking responsibility of the family. Athena’s counsel acts as catalyst suddenly provoking him to wake up. When his mother asked the bard to stop singing the song about how the Achaeans’ journey home form Troy, he accuses Penelope of blaming the innocent bard and asks her to withdraw to her chamber. He said in book one:”So, mother

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  • Exploring Gender Roles in The Odyssey Essay

    it up, basically property and sex slaves, not exactly worded as such within the text, but the meaning is still relatively the same, were the primary statuses associated with the women in The Iliad, not very pleasant roles I think. However, in The Odyssey women are no longer portrayed as objects, with the exception of a

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  • Essay about The Odyssey literary elements

    that his father is coming back home. Telemakhos is not even hinted by Athena of the fact that Odysseus is alive and that he will soon return. The audience knows of Odysseus’ existence on Kalypso’s island. Homer has used situational irony in The Odyssey, but rather than creating an element of surprise to the characters, it creates an element of surprise to the audience because what really happens is not what the audience would expect. Odysseus has been very unfaithful to his wife, Penelope, during

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  • Personal Responsibility and the Gods’ Role in the Odyssey

    The gods play an important part in Odysseus’ journey home, bringing him closer and farther from his homeland. They constantly intervene in the lives of the many characters in The Odyssey. Though Odysseus is a hero, the gods control his life. It is as if he were the main character in a video game and the gods are fighting over who controls his life. Personal responsibility is overshadowed by the gods’ eagerness to grab the controller. Homer disregards personal responsibility by showing how the gods

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  • Odyssey Compare/Contrast Essay

    Penelope sees the suitors as nothing more than a bunch of greedy pigs and wants them out. These ladies know what they want and will do strive to accomplish it. They’re both fit for their husbands in their own ways. Odysseus and Penelope are both cunning, clever, and always thinking of a plan. Everett and Penny, though not sharing the same characteristics as Odysseus and Penelope, are quick-tongued, know-it-alls, and think in a selfish manner. The story of the loom symbolizes the queen’s, Penelope’s

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  • Twelve Maids: Odyssey and Penelopiad Essay

    lives. In retrospect she mentions that, “'I resolved to interpose myself when the time was right, and to tell Odysseus that the girls had been acting under my direction.'” (138). This thoroughly explains why Odysseus hanged the maids, and why The Odyssey never goes into detail about why the maids slept with the suitors. One theory that is briefly touched upon in The Penelopiad is the idea that perhaps Penelope was not faithful to Odysseus during the 20

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  • The Role of Phaeacia in the Odyssey Essay

    The meeting with Nausicaa plays an important part in the story, because we lean a lot about Odysseus. He considers how to greet the princess, he weighs up his options of how he will be received, showing he does not just jump straight in. we also learn that Odysseus is the master of words as he uses tactics such as flattery, and manages to persuade her to take him to the palace, even though he is stood naked in front of a group of ladies. He is being calculus, but not in a

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  • Essay on Rationality in Homer’s Odyssey

    The ship lands on the island of the Sungod, Helios. Odysseus was told to refrain from eating the livestock there on the island for fear of angering the Sungod. Odysseus warns the crew of this, but as food runs out, the crew looks to the livestock available. It is decided to slaughter the cattle and eat, and this infuriates Helios. He asks Zeus to pay them back for what they've done, and Zeus agrees "on the wine-dark sea I'll hit their racing ship with a white-hot bolt, I'll tear it to splinters."

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  • Telemachus in The Odyssey Essay example

    Also, Homer is creating suspense by delaying the meeting of Odysseus and the reminiscences build up his character and image. The death of Aegistmus is emphasised in the novel because it is a moral point that such actions as his towards Agamemnon could not be ignored. It is a model for Telemachus showing him what he should do. In a sense he is in the same situation as Orestes as people are dishonouring his father who is as good as dead, and there is a parallel to Telemachus

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  • Essay on The Role of the Gods in the Odyssey

    It is not Calypso alone that interferes with Odysseus’ return home. She could only be accused of detaining Odysseus, not causing him to arrive on Ogygia. When Athena asks Zeus why he has forsaken Odysseus on this island, he informs her, “only Poseidon, lord whose chariot runs beneath the earth, is furious—it was Odysseus who deprived the grandest Cyclops, the godlike Polyphemus, of his eye” (1.7). Poseidon continues to rage against Odysseus because “Thoosa—nymph whose father, Phorcys, keeps a

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  • Essay The Odyssey and the Iliad

    444): Be careful now; for I might be made into the gods’ curse upon you, on the day when Paris and Phoibos Apollo destroy you in the Skaian gates, for all your valour. In the same way, Odysseus does not fear death when he left on his land journey to make peace with Poseidon. He knows that he will return home to his wife Penelope, because it was his fate to die at sea an old man. (O, p.126).      Omens from the gods influenced many critical decisions. When a character was in need, he commonly

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  • The Odyssey Landscapes Essay

    In addition, Homer’s epic describes the scene when Odysseus arrives to the land of the Laestrgonians: On the seventh day we raised the Laestrgonian land,/ Telepylus heights where the craggy fort of Lamus rises./ Where shepherd calls to shepherd as one drives in his flocks/ and the other drives his out and he calls back in answer./ Where a man who never sleeps could take in double wages/ one for herding cattle, one for pasturing fleecy sheep,/ the nightfall and the sunrise march so close together/…I

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  • Storytelling in Homer's Odyssey Essay

    Daring escapes, clever plans, and terrifying beasts are woven into a tapestry of wonder and enchantment. Yet for the great storyteller that he is, Odysseus is hesitant to relate his tale. “But now you wish to know my cause for sorrow / and thereby give me cause for more” (Homer 158). As exaggerated as the following account is, Odysseus seems to be truthful about his grief. Whether or not his men perished as he claims is not certain, but death was the end to their stories nonetheless. Odysseus

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  • Penelope and Odysseus of Homer's Odyssey Essay

    Penelope, on the other hand, is more subtle in her craftiness.  She tells the suitors that she is going to create a burial shroud for Laertes and that, when she's done, she'll marry one of the suitors. So, each day she weaves the shroud and each night she tears the strings out of the cloths so that everyday the shroud is still in progress. Her plan works for quite a while until someone tips off the suitors.         Also, both Penelope and Odysseus are very faithful to each other, with Odysseus

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  • The Role of the Gods in Homer's Odyssey Essay

    Penelope cries herself to sleep over her husband that she loves so. Even after twenty years she hopes for his return. The goddess Athena has decided to assist the hero's son with guidance and favor. Although there is a plot to kill Telemachus, he has the gods on his side. After Athena begs Zeus for mercy for Odysseus, Odysseus also has the indulgence of most of the gods. Kalypso is told to release her prisoner. She must also make a way for him to return to his home. It has been so long that Odysseus

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  • Life's Findings in Homer's Odyssey Essay

    Odysseus disguises himself as an old man, showing qualities of integrity through his words. When informed of the immoral suitors Odysseus, as the old-man replies in disgust, "...should they by their numbers crush me, all single and alone, far rather would I die, cut down within my own hall, than constantly behold disgraceful deeds, strangers abused, and damsels dragged to shame through the fair palace, wine running waste, men eating up my bread, all idly, uselessly, to win what cannot be!" (155)

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  • The Theme of Women in The Odyssey by Homer Essay

    Her loyalty is unquestionable, as her anguish is true. She holds on to her moral positions and cares for her husband. Athena, a symbol of female virtue and feminism herself would see these deceptions and evil but saw none in Penelope. In addition, her love for Odysseus was genuine as their intimacy allowed her to know things about Odysseus that others did not. Penelope's contest with the bow was not to find the best among the suitors but proved to find Odysseus. This reinforced that there is

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  • Is Odysseus A Hero? in the Poem The Odyssey by Homer Essay

    different obstacles he faced on his journey back home. Not only did it help him get through many obstacles, but it also helped him to keep moving forward towards his family and kingdom waiting for him back home in Ithaca. Throughout “The Odyssey,” Odysseus shows leadership in numerous ways. Leadership is the action of leading a group of people; just like how Odysseus is

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  • The Importance of Hospitality in the Odyssey Essay examples

    Odysseus was not following the rules for a guest receiving hospitality by demanding hospitality from the Cyclops. All people are supposed to follow the rules of hospitality, but from the Cyclops, Odysseus learns that does not apply to non-humans. Polyphemos also asks Odysseus questions about where he came from and his name. Following the rules of hospitality, you do not ask questions of your guest until you have fed, entertained, and given respect to a guest. Polyphemos should have shown proper

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