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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Olduwan Tools
Tools made by Homo habilis and possibly Australopithecusgarhi.
Acheulean tools
Tools made by Homo erectus and requiring more skill and learning.
Mousterian tools
Tools made by Homo neanderthalensis.
Solutrean tools
Tools made by Homo sapiens in Europe that often exhibit otre' passe' flaking.
Clovis or Folsum
Stone tool used by big game hunters in North America at the end of the pleistocene ice age.
Australopithecus afarensis
Don Johanson's Lucy.
Homo erectus
Peking Man, Turkana Boy, and Java Man.
Australopithecus africanus
"Mrs." Ples and the Taung Baby
Homo sapiens
Kenyanthropus platyops
Flat faced man of Kenya
Homo erectus
First hominin to leave Africa in significant numbers.
Homo habilis or Australopithecus garhi
First hominin to use tools.
Homo sapiens
First hominin that is known to have painted complex scenes on cave walls and think symbolically.
Homo neanderthalensis
First hominin to make music.
Homo erectus
First hominin to use fire.
Darwin's Carrying Hypothesis
Bipedalism developed so that females could carry babies
Lovejoy's Provisioning Hypothesis
Bipedalism developed so that males could provision females and produce more offspring
Rodman and McHenry's Patchy Forest Hypothesis
Bipedalism developed as an energetically efficiency way to move between grassland and forest.
Out of Africa Hypothesis
Homo sapiens replaced other existing species as it moved out of Africa and across the continents.
Multiregional Continuity Hypothesis
Homo sapiens evolved separately in each region from existing populations through interbreeding and parallel evolution within the continents.
domestic dog
responsible for the development of agriculture and livestock domestication
This form of locomotion has these traits: a wide, short pelvis. A big toe in line with the other toes and an angled thigh bone.
The Hobbit
Nickname for Homo floresiensis found on an Indonesian Island and thought to have survived up until around 13,000 years ago.
Olduvai Gorge
"Birthplace of Man"
Australopithecine footprints
The Laetoli site in Tanzania is famous for this.
a hypothesis about the evolutionary history of taxonomic groups.
chenopodeum (quinoa)
first cultivated wild food
The first domesticated foods
wheat, barley, rye, rice, and corn


first domesticated animal
grey wolf
canine ancestorof all modern dogs
Directed evolution
intentional selection of traits
larger brains developing and tool use (Homo)

10,000 years ago, warming trend andagriculture

world climate change caused by Homo sapiens
Hominoids (apes)
bipedal primates-hominids