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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Function of scrotum

Provides cooler temperature needed for sperm production

Spermatic cord

Connective tissue tube that runs through the inguinal ligament

Contents of spermatic cord

Vas deferens

Cremaster muscle

Testicular vessels (testicular artery and pampiniform plexus

Function of testes

Produce sperm and androgens (testosterone)

Where is sperm developed?

Seminiferous tubules

Which cells are found in seminiferous tubules?

Sustentacular (Sertoli) cells

Interstitial cells

Which hormone stimulates sustentacular (sertoli) cells? What does is do?

FSH - helps with sperm development

Which hormone induces interstitial cells?

LH - produces testosterone

Sustentacular (sertoli) cells

Line seminiferous tubules

Assist with sperm development

Interstitial cells

Between seminiferous tubules

Produce androgens

What is a fancy word for sperm production? When does it begin?


Begins in puberty

Where do sperm mature or become motile?

In the epididymis

Which hormones control spermatogenesis?

FSH and testosterone

How many sperm are produced each day?

100-200 million sperm

What does the head of a sperm contain?


What does the acrosome of a sperm contain?

Digestive enzymes

What does the midpiece of a sperm contain?


What is another word for the tail of a sperm?


Which part of a sperm gives energy to spin the tail like a propeller?


Where are sperm stored?

In the tail of the epidiymis

Which 3 layers are found in the vas deferens wall?




What 3 things is seminal fluid produced by? (Accessory glands)

Seminal vesicles

Prostate gland

Bulbourethral glands

Seminal vesicles produce

Fructose (nourishes sperm)

Prostaglandins (widens cervix) - opens door

Bicarbonate (neutralizes vaginal acid)

Prostate gland produces

Citric acid (nutrient for sperm)

Seminalplasmin (antibiotic that combats UTI in males) - lubricates urethra

Prostate specific antigen (liquefies semen after ejaculation)

Bulbourethral glands

Mucus (coats urethra, lubricant for sexual intercourse)

Where is lymphatic drainage of the testes?

Posterior abdominal wall

What is semen?

Seminal fluid from the accessory glands combines with sperm from the epididymis to make up semen

What is semen called when it is released during intercourse?


Average ejaculation contains

around 1 teaspoon of fluid and 200-500 million sperm

Two prostate disorders

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Prostate cancer

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

Non-cancerous enlargement of prostate

Very common: >90% of men over 80 suffer from it

Symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Nocturia: urination at night

Polyuria: more-frequent urination

Dysuria: painful urination

Prostate cancer

Risk increases with age

Detected by digital rectal exam or PSA test


Blood fills the erectile tissues (deep arteries dilate and blood is trapped in erectile tissues by compression of veins)

Erection and ejaculation are stimulated by which autonomic nervous system?

Erection - parasympathetic NS

Ejaculation - sympathetic NS

(point and shoot)

Fancy word for birth control


Methods of contraception


Rhythm method

Barrier methods (condoms, diaphragm, and spermicidal foams and gels) - prevent sperm from entering uterus

Surgical methods (vasectomy - vas deferens are cut and tied, and tubal ligation - uterine tubes are cut and tied)

Chemical methods (pills)

IUD (intrauterine device)