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15 Cards in this Set

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black cohosh
reduce postmenopausal symptoms
-can decrease blood pressure
-nausea
echinacea
may stimulate immune system
-nausea
-skin irritation
-allergic reaction
ginkgo biloba
increased circulation to brain and lower extremities
-GI upset
-reduced blood clotting
St. John's Wart
mild anti-depressant
-speeds removal of drugs from body
-photo-sensitivity
Saw Palmetto
reduce enlarged prostate
-side effects uncommon
Explain how current regulation of herbal supplements does not ensure safety or efficacy
herbal supplements may act as drugs but are not regulated as such.
Whole Foods as Functional Food
unmodified foods that are natural sources of nutrients, phytochemicals, prebiotics and other biologically active compounds
Fortified
biologically active compounds have been added, ex: orange juice, omega-3 fatty acids in eggs
Enriched
generally meaning that vitamins thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, folate and iron have been added to a grain product to improve nutritional quality
potential health benefits of Functional Foods
reducing cholesterol levels, reducing oxidation and so on.
Structure Function Claim
this is a statement about a product's possible role in the normal structure or function of humans. "supports immune function" cannot state that it prevents or treats.
Groups of people most at risk of food born illness
-older adults
-young children
-immune compromised
-pregnant women
Foods that most commonly cause food borne illness
-moist
-rich in protein
-neutral PH
-eggs, meat, seafood and poultry
-unpasteurized juice and milk
-raw produce
-improperly canned foods
-soiled by handlers
E. Coli
beef, produce, unpasteurized juice and milk
-DIARRHEA
Salmonella
raw or undercooked meats, poultry, eggs, and milk
-FLU LIKE SYMPTOMS