Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/31

Click to flip

31 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ideal weight and shape is defined by ______ and ______
culture and health
Ideal weight and shape should JUST be based on _______
health
True or false
Location and amount of body fat stores is NOT important to health
FALSE
obesity and disorders are _______ world wide
increasing
causes of obsesity are complex..
influences are..

4 of them. 3 are self explanitory. Think logical Nick
-diet
-physical activity
-environmental exposures
-genetic factors
Underweight caused by -
(4 think logical nicky)
genetic tendency to be thin
poverty
illness
voluntary restriction of food.
True or false
Underweight was a distinct disadvantage for our remote ancestors
True
True or False
No mechanisms for intake and fat storage were keys to survival
False

(multiple, instead of no)
True or False
Changes in availability of food can explain why obesity is a major problem
True
What is the Hamwi Calculation for WOMEN
five feet equals 100 pounds, then add 5 pounds for each additional inch
What is the Hamwi Calculation for MEN
five feet equals 106 pounds, then add 6 pounds for each additional inch.
Ranges of BMI define weights for height.to determine people who are
(4 options)
. underweight
. Normal Weight
. Overweight
. Obese
body weight tells us little about body _______
because you can have normal weight and high % of body fat.
also you can be overweight by the standards but muscular and low % of body fat. Because muscle weighs more than fat
fatness
for BMI if you are under 20 (not in age) but in BMI or 30 or above then you are in ______ risk
HIGH!!!
ALERT!!!
STAR CARING YOU FAT FUCK !!!!!
Classifying weight status by body mass index.....

Underweight is?

Normal weight is?

Overweight is?

Obese?
underweight- under 18.5 kg/m squared

normal weight - 18.5- 25 kg/m squared

Overweight- 25-30 kg/m squared

Obese- 30 Kg/m squared or higher
TRUE OR FALSE

Weight-for height and percent body fat always correspond.
if false explain why...
False because muscular people can have obese BMI.
also because inactive normal BMI people can still have to much body fat.
TRUE OR FALSE
Measures of body fat are more accurate than weight-for-height.
if false explain why...
TRUE
What is the life expectancy in overweight/obese adults compared to average.
3 to 6 years shorter.
Health problems in obese people..name a few
-Diabetes
-Hypertension
-stroke
-Heart Disease
Assessing body fat..name a few ways
skinfold thickness measures

underwater weighing

-whole body air displacement
TRUE or FALSE
Is some body fat needed?
TRUE
how much percent of body fat is needed for men and women to survive
men it is 3% to 5 % and for women it is 10% to 12 %
TRUE or FALSE
body fat is not essential in manufacture of hormones
if false explain why..
False. BECAUSE....

-It is essential because its a required component of every cell

-it provides a cushion for internal organs
People with low body fat levels may have
(4 things)
delayed physical maturation during adolescence

infertility

accelerated bone loss

problems that accompany starvation.
Ranges of healthy percentages of body fat.
females 20-39
40-59
60-79
males (same ages as women)
females
20-39- 21-33 in body fat
40-59- 23-34 in body fat
60-79- 24-36 in body fat

Males
20-39 age- 8-20 in body fat
40-59 age- 11-22 in body fat
60-79 age- 13-25 in body fat
Apple shape is ____ and pear shape is ______
apple shape is bad (mostly in men)

pear shape is not as concerned (mostly in women)
apple- shaped stored fat around the _____
waist..
NOT GOOD
Pear-shaped store fat in ____ and ____
hips and thighs

(better than apple shaped)
True or false
Obese women exhibit both shapes (apple and pear)
if false explain..
TRUE
Why is apple shape bad?
- fat cells of central fat deposits are larger than those around the hips and "resistant" to insulin.
-insulin and glucose increase over time
-increases triglyceride levels and blood pressure, reduces levels of HDL

Overall it increases risk of hypertension and heart disease
and promotes the development of diabetes.
healthy waste size for men is ___ inches and for women it is ___ inches
men- 40 inches

women- 35 inches