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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
audio device
Primarily, the sound card on a computer. Other audio devices include microphones, headsets, and speakers.
basic disk
A physical disk that contains primary partitions, extended partitions, or logical drives. Basic disks contain only simple volumes.
Computer Management
A collection of Windows management tools, such as Disk Management for configuring hard disks and their partitions, and Event Viewer, which allows you to view computer event information such as program starting and stopping (including program crashes) and security problems.
Device Manager
A snap-in that displays a list of all devices currently installed on the computer and their status. Device Manager requires administrative credentials for access.
Disk Management
A tool in the Computer Management snap-in that enables users to manage disks, partitions, and volumes.
driver
A small program that enables hardware to interact with the operating system.
dual-boot environment
A computer with two or more operating systems installed, enabling the user to choose which operating system to boot at startup.
dynamic disk
A physical disk that can contain simple, spanned, striped, or mirrored volumes.
External Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (eSATA)
An external interface for SATA technologies.
fill and spill
Another name for a spanned volume because all storage space on the first disk must be filled before data is stored on the second and subsequent disks.
FireWire
An interface standard for transferring information between digital devices. FireWire is used for many different types of high-speed data transfers, including audio and video, and serves the same purpose as USB. Also called IEEE 1394 and i.link.
IEEE 1394
See “FireWire.”
input device
An item such as a keyboard, mouse, trackball, touchpad, digital pen, and joystick (for gaming) that sends data to a computer.
infrared input device
An input device, such as a wireless optical mouse, that uses infrared technology.
Internet Small Computer System Interface (iSCSI)
A standard for connecting enterprise network storage devices such as a storage area network (SAN).
isochronous data transfer
A constant data rate.
local printer
A printer that’s directly attached to a computer via a cable, such as serial, parallel, USB, infrared, or other port type.
mirrored volume
A type of disk volume that duplicates data from one disk to a second disk for redundancy and fault tolerance; if one disk fails, data can be accessed from the second disk. A mirrored volume cannot be spanned—it must reside on a single disk. Mirroring is also referred to as RAID-1.
network printer
A printer that generally has a network adapter and is connected to a network. The printer receives an IP address and is a node on the network much like a networked computer.
partition
A logical storage unit on a disk. Partitioning divides a hard disk into multiple logical units (partitions), allowing the operating system to treat the physical disk drive as if it were multiple disks.
plug-and-play (PnP) technology
Devices that are automatically detected by the operating system when plugged into a computer.
print queue
A holding area in memory where a print job is stored until the printer is finished printing the entire document.
spanned volume
A type of disk volume that extends a simple volume across multiple disks, up to a maximum of 32.
striped volume
A type of disk volume that stores data across two or more physical disks. Data on a striped volume is written evenly to each of the physical disks in the volume. A striped volume cannot be mirrored or spanned. Striping is often referred to as RAID-0
universal serial bus (USB)
A standard developed in the mid-1990s that defines cable connectors and protocols used to connect external devices to a computer. The devices include keyboards, digital cameras, portable media players, and external hard drives, among others.
video device
Primarily, the video adapter or card on a computer. Other types of video devices include webcams, video capture cards, and TV tuners.
volume
A segmented storage area on a dynamic disk. Free space on a dynamic disk is divided into volumes instead of partitions.
Windows Live Mesh
A part of the Windows Live Essentials suite. Windows Live Mesh enables users to keep data synchronized between computers (and some devices such as mobile phones) as well as some program settings
Windows Live SkyDrive
A reliable password-protected online service offering file storage that enables people to share files and photos. Each person receives 25 GB of free online storage.