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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Active Directory
An infrastructure (directory) that stores information and objects.
application
A program that runs “on top” of the operating system or from a server and helps a user perform a specific task, such as word processing, appointment scheduling, or accounting.
assign
Also known as publishing. A method in Group Policy of installing software and making the application available to all users or computers in a designated site, domain, organizational unit (OU), or to a local, individual user or computer.
BitLocker Drive Encryption
A full disk encryption feature in Windows 7 Ultimate and Enterprise editions.
compression
The process of decreasing the size of files or folders without affecting the files’ content.
EFS certificate
The object that holds information used to decode a file’s unique encryption key.
Encrypting File System (EFS)
A Windows feature that allows users to encrypt information on hard disks, external flash disks, CDs, DVDs, backup tapes, and other types of physical media.
encryption
A process that protects the contents of files and folders from unauthorized access.
encryption key
A large, random number used to scramble the contents of a file or folder.
FAT
A file system, no longer in popular use, with a maximum partition size of 2 gigabytes (GB) and a maximum file size of 2 GB.
FAT32
A file system with a maximum partition size of 32 gigabytes (GB) and a maximum file size of 4 GB.
file system
The overall structure a computer uses to name, store, and organize files and folders on a hard disk or partition.
Group Policy
A collection of settings (policies) stored in Active Directory on a Windows network.
Group Policy object (GPO)
Objects used by administrators to control users and computers on a Windows-based network and to deploy applications, software updates, and security.
install application
The process of making applications available to users on local computers or on a network.
library
In Windows 7, a virtual folder that can display content from different locations (folders, for example) on your computer or an external drive.
local application
An application that is installed and runs on a user’s computer.
MSCONFIG
A utility that lets a user enable or disable startup services, set boot options such as booting into Safe Mode, access tools like Action Center and Event Viewer, and more. Also known as the System Configuration utility.
multi-booting
An environment in which two or more different operating systems are installed on a computer, enabling the user to choose which operating system starts upon system boot.
NTFS
The preferred file system for Windows 7. This file system has a maximum partition size of 256 terabytes; the maximum file size is limited by the size of the volume on which it resides.
Programs and Features
A Control Panel applet that enables the user to uninstall or repair applications.
publish
Also known as assigning. A method in Group Policy of installing software and making the application available to all users or computers in a designated site, domain, organizational unit (OU), or to a local, individual user or computer.
services
System programs that run in the background on a Windows system to help the operating system run other programs.
System Configuration utility
The graphical user interface version of MSCONFIG.
uninstall application
The process of removing an application from a local user computer or server.