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39 Cards in this Set

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accessibility features
Tools that help visually and hearing impaired users use Windows more easily and efficiently. In Windows 7, the primary tools include Magnifier, Narrator, On-Screen Keyboard, and High Contrast.
Administrative Tools
A set of utilities for managing advanced Windows features and diagnosing system problems.
Administrator
A set of utilities for managing advanced Windows features and diagnosing system problems.
Aero
The default theme in Windows 7. Aero offers a translucent “glass” design and provides a three-dimensional look.
Aero Peek
A Windows 7 feature that turns open windows transparent so a user can view the desktop through the open windows.
Aero Shake
A Windows 7 features that enables a user to quickly minimize all open windows except the active one.
Aero Snap
A Windows 7 feature that enables a user to quickly resize and arrange windows on the desktop. To use Aero Snap, drag the title bar of an open window to either side of the desktop to align it there, or drag it to the top of the desktop to maximize the window.
application virtualization
In Windows, the process that enables computer users to install and manage legacy applications and virtual machines centrally. This capability sometimes relies on additional Microsoft technologies, including a virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI) that runs a desktop OS within a virtual machine (VM) running on a server.
authentication
The process of checking a user’s credentials when allowing access to a system. In a domain, a server called a domain controller authenticates users at log on. Authentication means the domain controller checks the user’s credentials, which are generally a user name and password. The user name entered must match the password on file.
cached credentials
Credentials that are saved to the computer’s hard disk.
color depth
The number of bits that represents the color for each pixel on a computer screen. Color depths are generally 8 bits, 16 bits, 24 bits, and 32 bits; newer systems offer only 24 or 32 bits. The higher the color depth, the better photos and similar objects will look.
Control Panel
A Windows feature that provides access to the primary tools and utilities used to manage devices, settings, and system behaviors. Control Panel includes applets (small applications) for system administration, Windows Update, displays, and more.
desktop settings
A broad term that refers to many different settings you can configure to personalize Windows, such as the Windows theme, the desktop background, mouse clicks and pointer speeds, gadgets, shortcuts, and more.
display settings
Options in Windows that enable users to modify how text and graphics appear on screen, in addition to connecting an external monitor, a projector, and so on. Three important display settings are resolution, color depth, and font size.
Ease of Access Center
A feature in Windows that enables users to configure accessibility options; also provides access to the speech recognition feature.
elevated permissions
In Windows, generally refer to administrative-level permissions.
font size
The size of a font. Screen or display fonts are usually measured in dots per inch (dpi).
gadgets
A small, single-purpose application that can be installed on the Windows 7 desktop. Many kinds of gadgets are available, such as calendars, clocks, games, newsfeeds, and weather reports and forecasts.
Guest account
A Windows account with few permissions and no password that allows a user to use a computer without requiring a unique user account.
guest operating system (guest OS)
In a virtualized environment, the operating system in which a virtualized client runs as a VM.
Jump List
In Windows 7, a thumbnail preview of an open program, or of the documents open in the program, that appears after clicking its icon on the taskbar.
live preview
In Windows 7, a preview of an open window, which may be a Web page, video, or other type of program, that appears when a user hovers the mouse pointer over a taskbar icon.
Microsoft Enterprise Desktop Virtualization (Med-V or MED-V)
The part of the Microsoft Desktop Optimization Pack (MDOP) that delivers legacy applications to Windows 7 users in the form of Windows-XP based virtual machines
Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins
A utility provided by Microsoft or a third party that’s accessible through the MMC.
permissions
Rules applied to users and groups to limit actions they can take on shared resources, such as files, folders, drives, network shares, and even printers.
pin
To attach program shortcuts to the Windows 7 taskbar. When a user pins a program, the icon for that program displays on the taskbar even when the program isn’t running. This provides quick access to frequently used programs.
Quick Start definitions
Settings that pre-define Med-V virtual machines.
resolution
In regards to screen images, the number of pixels that create an image. Resolution has a horizontal value and a vertical value, such as 1200 x 768 or 1600 x 900.
shortcuts
An icon or link that gives you quick access to an original resource. Shortcuts commonly appear on the desktop in Windows 7; however, the links in Control Panel are also considered shortcuts.
Standard user
A type of Windows 7 account that is used for day-to-day work. A Standard user account has fewer permissions than an administrative-level account but enough permissions to be productive.
user account
A collection of information that defines the actions that can be taken on a computer and which files and folders can be accessed (rights, policies, and permissions).
User Account Control (UAC)
A Windows feature, first introduced in Windows Vista, that constantly monitors activity on a computer and notifies the user when changes are about to be made that affect the computer’s security or that affect other user accounts on the computer.
user profiles
Settings that describe the Windows configuration for a specific user. The user profile contains the settings and configuration options specific to the user, such as installed applications, theme, desktop background, screen saver, and so on. The purpose of a user profile is to maintain user preferences so they appear each time a user logs on to Windows. User profiles can be local or roaming. A local profile is available only on the computer on which it was created. A roaming profile enables a user to use any computer to connect to a Windows domain and access his or her profile.
virtualization
A technology that creates an abstract version of a complete operating environment, including a processor, memory, storage, network links, a display, and so forth, entirely in software.
virtual computer
A completely isolated guest operating system that runs within a normal host operating system.
virtual desktop infrastructure (VDI)
A desktop operating system running within a virtual machine (VM) running on a server.
virtual machine (VM)
See “virtual computer.”
virtualized client
A virtual machine that’s set up specifically to run some kind of application that typically runs in an older version of Windows (such as Windows 2000 or Windows XP). On a Windows 7 PC, a virtualized client runs as a VM inside a guest operating system within a virtual runtime environment (such as Windows Virtual PC or VMware Workstation).
Windows XP Mode
A virtual machine that Microsoft makes available as an extension to Windows Virtual PC. With Window XP Mode installed in Windows 7, users can run applications inside the virtual machine that won’t work on Windows 7.