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28 Cards in this Set

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Accommodation (cognitive)

The process of altering a schema when a new situation cannot be incorporated within an existing schema

Affect

The physiological manifestation of a feeling

Assimilation (cognitive)

In cognitive theory, the incorporation of new experiences into an existing schema

Attribution theory

A theory of emotional behavior asserting that the experience of emotion is based on conscious evaluations people make about their physiological sensations in particular social settings.

Cognition

Conscious thinking processes; mental activities of which the individual is fully aware. These processes include taking in information from the environment, synthesizing that information, and formulating plans of action based on that synthesis.

Cognitive mediation

The influence of thinking between the occurrence of a stimulus and ones response to the stimulus.

Cognitive operations

Use of abstract thoughts and ideas that are not tied to sensory and motor information

Conventional morality

In Kohlberg's Theory of moral development, a stage in which moral decisions are based on adherence to social rules

Differential emotions theory

A theory asserting that emotions originate in our neurophysiology and that our personalities are organized around affective biases.

Ego

A mental structure of personality responsible for negotiating between internal needs of the individual and the outside world.

Ego Psychology

A theory of human behavior and clinical practice that views activities of the ego as the primary determinants of behavior.

Emotion

A feeling state characterized by ones appraisal of a stimulus, changes in bodily sensations, & expressive gestures

Emotional intelligence

A person's ability to process information about emotions accurately and effectively and consequently to regulate emotions in an optimal manner

Information processing theory

A sensory theory of cognition that sees information as flowing from the external world through the senses to the nervous system, where it is coded.

Mood

A feeling disposition that, in contrast to an emotion, is more chronic, less intense, and less tied to a specific situation

Multiple intelligences

The eight distinct biopsychosocial potentials, as identified by Howard Gardener, with which people process information that can be activated in cultural settings to solve problems or create products of value in the culture.

Narrative theory

A theory proposing that all of us are engaged in an ongoing process of constructing a life story

Postconventional morality

In Kohlberg's Theory of moral development, a stage in which moral decisions are based on moral principles that transcend those of one's own society

Preconscious

Mental activity that is outside of awareness but can be brought into awareness with prompting

Preconventional morality

In Kohlberg's Theory of moral development, a stage in which moral decisions are made on the basis of avoiding punishment and receiving rewards

Primary emotions

Emotions that developed as specific reactions and signals with survival value for the human species. They serve to mobilize an individual, focus attention, and signal one's state of mind to others. Ex: anger, fear, sadness, joy, and anticipation.

Psychoanalytic theory

A theory of human behavior and clinical intervention that assumes the primacy of internal drives and unconscious mental activity in determining human behavior.

Psychology

The study of the mind and mental processes.

Schema (schemata)

An internalized representation of the world, including schematic patterns of thought, actions, and problem solving

Secondary emotions

Emotions that are socially acquired. They evolved as humans developed more sophisticated means of learning, controlling, and managing emotions to promote flexible cohesion in social groups. Ex: envy, jealousy, guilt, shame, relief, hope, depression, pride, love, gratitude, and compassion

Self

An essence of who we are that is more or less enduring

Symbolic interactionism

A theory stressing that we develop a sense of meaning in the world through interaction with our physical and social environments and interaction of symbols.

Unconscious

Mental activities of which one is not aware but that influence behavior.