Trait Approach To Psychology Essay

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As humans, we use psychology, which is the scientific study of human behaviors and mental processes (Rathus, 2010, pg. 5), throughout our entire life. It is one of the most fascinating things that we partake in almost every day without even realizing it (Loewen, n.d.). Psychology affects our health, how we think, what motivates us, and more (Loewen, n.d.). There are thousands of theories and adopted concepts found off the inquiry of psychology that is constantly present in our actions. These approaches range from a number of various subject matter. From the concept of James Marcia’s stages of identity status, the theories of how personalities develop from person to person, and the effects of stress, it’s easy to see how psychology can be applied …show more content…
To the earliest known trait theorist named Hippocrates, people were made up of different combinations of body fluids that impacted their characteristics. The first, yellow bile, connected with those who are quick tempered (Rathus, 2010, pg. 393). It’s follow-up, blood, represented a warm, cheerful nature (Rathus, 2010, pg. 393). Phlegm, pronounced “flem,” linked with those who are sluggish or cool (Rathus, 2010, pg. 393). Black bile, the last of the four, presented a melancholic and thoughtful mind (Rathus, 2010, pg. 393). If Hippocrates’s theory had been correct, I would be filled with blood. However, for lack of reliable, scientific evidence, this personality approach was found to be wrong. Instead, a number of trait theorists worked together to compile a test that would result in a person’s personality. This test is known as the five-factor model. Cross-cultural research has suggests that there are five factors that define the human personality (Rathus, 2010 pg. 395). They’re extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, and neuroticism. (Rathus, 2010, pg. 394). If one is extroverted, they are outgoing, talkative, and feed off the energy of others (Rathus, 2010, pg. 394). Agreeableness is visible in a person who’s kind and warm (Rathus, 2010, pg. 394). Those who are conscientiousness are very organized, systematic, and thorough (Rathus, 2010, pg. 394). …show more content…
472). For many, it serves as a bothersome notion that does nothing but heighten pressure and feelings of anxiety. Stress has been proven to suppress the functioning of the immune system (Rathus, 2010, pg. 481), and also causes a greater risk of disease. But interestingly enough, these unfavorable effects of stress only occurred in those who believed stress was a negative indicator. A research study presented at TED Talk showed that only those who viewed stress as a harmful factor were inflicted with its unhealthy effects. Those who either saw just the opposite or had no view at all were spared the physical contribution. In a similar study, it was found that people who had experienced a heavy amount of stress in the last year and sought out social support from a loved one or acquaintance saw no damaging effect on their health. So, the assumption that can be made from this is that when viewing stress as a positive factor and seeking social support when feeling overwhelmed can supposedly insulate one from stress’s adverse intentions. Personally, I have found this to be true. Whenever I’m feeling stressed,- whether it’s from being overwhelmed with school work or from trying to meet the particular expectations I uphold,- I find it’s therapeutic to be able to confide in someone else. Venting, in other words, is almost soothing. It gets my mind to slow down, pulling it away from the panicked,

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