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6 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back

Testing Method

Several types of tests measure variouselements of human behavior such as abilities,interests, and personality.

Adv: Convenient method for researchers togain insight to certain aspects of an individual’s abilities and behaviorDis: Does not always provide a completerepresentation of an individual’s true abilitiesor personality.

Dis: Does not always provide a completerepresentation of an individual’s true abilitiesor personality.

Case-Study Method

Researchers conduct in-depth investigationsof individuals or small groups.

Provides insight into specific cases

Dis:May focus on isolated circumstances or eventsthat cannot be replicated.

People interviewed in case studies may distorttheir past experiences

Researchers may unintentianally encouragepeople to answer questions a certain way

Longitudinal Method

A group of participants are observed atintervals over an extended period of time.

Adv: Enables researchers to see howindividuals change over time.

Time-consuming and expensiveParticipants may not be available for the durationof the study

Cross-Sectional Method

Researchers compare the differences andsimilarities among people in different agegroups at a given time.

Adv: Less time-consuming than thelongitudinal method for studying changes overtime.

Dis: Differences b/w the members of thesample can’t necessarily be attributed to ageor development

Naturalistic Observation Method

Researchers observe the behavior of peopleor animals in their natural habitats.

Adv: Enables researchers to witness thebehavior of people or animals in settings thatare not artificial.

Dis: Researchers have no control over thesetting or the events that occur.

Laboratory-Observation Method

Participants are observed in a laboratorysetting.

Adv: Enables researchers to precisely controlcertain aspects of the study.

Dis: Laboratories cannot duplicate real-lifeenvironments