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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Edwin L Drake
successfully used a steam engine to drill for oil
Bessemer process
developed independently by the British manufacturer Henry Bessemer
Thomas Edison
became a pioneer on the new industrial frontier when he established the world's first research laboratory in New York
Christopher Sholes
Invented typewriter in 1867
Alexander Graham Bell
helped build the telephone in 1876
Transcontinental Railroad
a railroad line linking the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of the US, completed in 1869
George Pullman
Built a factoryfor manufacturing sleepers and other railroad cars on the Illinois prairie.
Credit Mobiler
Formed by stockholders of the Union Pacific Railroad who used it to skim railroad profits for themselves
Munn vs. Illinois
an 1877 Supreme Court case that upheld the Granger laws by a vote of seven to two. - states could regulate railroads- government could regulate private industry
Interstate commerce Act
a law in 1887 that gave the federal government the right to supervise railroad activities and created a 5 member interstate commerce commision to do so.
Andrew Carnegie
worked his way up in the Pennsylvania railroad to make his own fortune - gave money for various charities
Vertical and Horizontal integration
Vertical - a company takes over its suppliers, distributors, and transportation to gain total control over its product.
Horizontal - Merging of companies that make similar products
Social Darwinism
an economic/social philosophy based on Charles Darwins theory of evolution - system of unrestrained competition will result in survival of the fittest.
John D. Rockefeller
owner of Standard Oil Company who developed Trusts - used them to gain control of the oil industry.
Sherman's Antitrust Act
Made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states of with other countries.
Samuel Gompers
Led the Cigar Makers Union to join with other unions - president of the AFL (American Federation of Labor)
American Federation of Labor (AFL)
an alliance of trade and craft unions, formed in 1886
Eugene v. Debs
attempted to form an industrial union the American Railway Union (ARU)
IWW - Industrial Workers of the World
Headed by "Big Bill" Haywood, uncluded miners, lumberers, and cannery and dock workers