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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back


Theodore Roosevelt used this term to refer to journalists who alerted the public to the wrongdoings of politicians and businesses.


These are court orders that prohibit a certain activity.


Referring to a city government.


A process in which citizens can put a proposed new law directly on the ballot in the next election by collecting the signatures of voters' on a petition.


A process that allows citizens to approve or reject a law passed by the legislature.


This procedure allows voters to remove public officials from office before the next election.

16th Amendment

This gave the government the right to collect an income tax.

17th Amendment

This allowed the public to elect Senators directly.

18th Amendment

Signed into law on January 16th, 1919, this amendment prohibited the making of, sale of, or transportation of alcohol.

19th Amendment

The constitutional amendment adopted in 1920 that guarantees women the right to vote.

Progressive Era

The period between 1890 and 1920 where politicians debated what the government could do for the poor.

Federal Reserve

Created by the Federal Reserve Act of 1913 this system divided the country into 12 districts, each with a Federal Reserve bank, and supervised by the Federal Reserve Board.

Mother Jones

Mary Harris Jones was an advocate for labor unions and fought for better working conditions, and against child labor. She helped found the [IWW] International Workers of the World, in 1905.

Triangle Shirtwaist tragedy

On March 25, 1911 a fire killed 146 workers, mostly girls, who were unable to escape because of locked doors, or fell to their deaths because of faulty fire escapes. This tragedy led many people to call for reform to the fire codes.

Social Welfare

These are programs that help provide a minimum standard of living.

Lochner Vs. N.Y.

This was a Supreme Court case that ruled against setting maximum hours for bankers.

Clayton Antitrust Act

This was passed by Congress in 1914 and said specific things that businesses could and could not do.

Bull Moose Party

This was the nickname of the progressive party whose candidate was Theodore Roosevelt.

Federal Trade Commission (FTC)

This group was set up by President Wilson and Congress to enforce the Clayton Act.


People who favor the protection of natural resources.