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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back


When one side in a war inflicts continuous losses on the enemy in order to wear them down.


A special type of shell filled with bullets.


The military term for people who are killed, wounded, captured, or missing, in a war.


The confidence, and discipline of a person or a group of people .


A policy requiring men to serve in the military.


Name given to paper money issued by the government during the Civil War, so called because the back side was printed with green ink.


Items seized from the enemy during a war. These items then become the property of the government that has control of them.


Small bands of fighters who weaken the enemy with surprise raids and hit-and-run attacks.


A military tactic in which a place is surrounded and cut off from supplies in order to make them surrender.

13th Amendment

The 1865 constitutional amendment that abolished slavery.

Battle of Antietam

The Civil War battle in which the North succeeded in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties.


A group of northern Democrats who opposed the War, and sympathized with the South during the Civil War. They were against the abolition of slaves.

Southern Economy

Smaller than the Northern economy and mainly consisted of Agriculture.

Monitor and Merrimack

These were both iron clad warships.

Emancipation Proclamation

An order issued by President Abraham Lincoln that freed the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union. It took effect on January 1, 1863.

Writ of Habeas Corpus

A court order requiring jailers to explain to a judge why they are holding a prisoner in custody.

Battle of Gettysburg

Fought in 1863, this three day battle was the bloodiest of the entire Civil War. It ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war.

Clara Barton

She was a pioneering nurse during the Civil War who later started the American Red Cross.

African Soldiers

At first the Union refused to use African American soldiers but as the time passed they eventually created units of black soldiers.

Appomattox Courthouse

This was the location of Lee's surrender of the Confederate army to General Grant.