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29 Cards in this Set

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capitalism

an economic system in which individuals or corporations own goods and businesses, and public demand determines the prices, production, and distribution of most goods

Pyongyang [pyuhng-YAHNG]

XX

arms race

a competition between two or more nations to see who can build the most or the deadliest weapons

baby boom

a marked increase in birthrate in the United States between 1946 and 1964

franchise


[FRAN-chiyz]

the right or license granted to an individual or group to market a company's goods or services

G.I. Bill of Rights

a variety of bills that Congress enacted to give money to military veterans for college educations, home-buying loans, and other benefits

colonialism

control by one power or nation over another area or people

domino theory

the theory that if communism takes over one nation, it will take over the neighboring nations as well

dove

an opponent of a war or warlike policy

hawk

a supporter of a war or warlike policy

dissenting opinion

a justice's written opinion disagreeing with the majority opinion of the court

integrate

to bring together different racial and ethnic groups

civil disobedience

opposing a law or practice by refusing to obey it

civil rights movement

a movement that sought fair treatment for all Americans regardless of race

Henry David Thoreau


[thuh-ROH]

XX

NAACP

the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, an organization of blacks and whites formed to fight racial injustice

civil rights movement

a movement that sought fair treatment for all Americans regardless of race

National Guard

a military force whose job is to defend the public during civil emergencies and maintain peace within a country or state

nonviolent protest

peaceful protest that avoids the use of physical violence

Walt Disney

animator who produced the first full-length animated film, Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs. Later he created Disneyland and other amusement parks.

Jonas Salk

a medical scientist who helped develop the influenza vaccine that helped to control the spread of the flu virus after WWII.

Martin Luther King, Jr.

A Baptist minister and civil-rights leader who was an advocate of nonviolence and racial harmony. He helped organize the March on Washington and delivered his "I Have a Dream" speech.

James Watson

One of the most influential researchers in the field of genetics. He discovered DNA.

Jackie Robinson

baseball player who opened the door for black athletes in professional sports by being the only African American in the Major Leagues.

Rachel Carson

A scientist that focused on the effects agricultural chemicals on animal life. Many people consider her the founder of the modern environmental movement.

Theodore Geisel

Better known as, Dr. Seuss, he wrote and illustrated dozens of children's books. These books were filled with memorable characters, nonsense words, colorful illustrations, and moral lessons couched in humor.

Thurgood Marshall

a lawyer for the N.A.A.C.P. he later the first black U.S. Supreme Court justice.

Georgia O'Keeffe

One of the United States' most celebrated painters of both abstract and organic. Most of her works are of nature.

Leonard Bernstein

A composer and conductor who composed ballets, symphonies, operas and Broadway musicals. Best known for the musical: West Side Story